How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Lucas, “Journal club. A neuroscientist explores the network of cells in the retina,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7285, p. 11, Mar. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. P. Eisenstein and A. H. Macdonald, “Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons in bilayer electron systems,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7018, pp. 691–694, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. M. Makarieva, V. G. Gorshkov, and B.-L. Li, “Comment on ‘Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny,’” Science, vol. 325, no. 5945, pp. 1206; author reply 1206, Sep. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Guo, P. Liang, X. Zhou, and X. Gao, “Novel mutations and mutation combinations of ryanodine receptor in a chlorantraniliprole resistant population of Plutella xylostella (L.),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6924, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Theodore and R. G. Kunz, Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
R. M. Burton, B. Eriksen, D. D. Håkonsson, T. Knudsen, and C. C. Snow, Eds., Designing Organizations: 21st Century Approaches, vol. 7. in Information and Organization Design Series, vol. 7. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Demirdache and M. Uribe-Etxebarria, “On the Temporal Syntax of Non-Root Modals,” in Time and Modality, J. Guéron and J. Lecarme, Eds., in Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp. 79–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-90-91, Jun. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Fengler, “Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, “Women and the Draft,” New York Times, p. A13, Apr. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol.
ISSN (print)1051-8215
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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