How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Yamanaka, “Genome-sequencing anniversary. Of mice and humans,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6019, p. 873, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. J. Starr and T. W. Cline, “A host parasite interaction rescues Drosophila oogenesis defects,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6893, pp. 76–79, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Bailey, W. K. Eliason, and T. A. Steitz, “Structure of hexameric DnaB helicase and its complex with a domain of DnaG primase,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5849, pp. 459–463, Oct. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, C. V. Varanasi, and J. Liu, “Highly efficient oxygen reduction electrocatalysts based on winged carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3195, Nov. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. R. New, Hymenoptera and Conservation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
T.-M. Choi, Risk Analysis in Stochastic Supply Chains: A Mean-Risk Approach, vol. 178. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Bai and J. W. Silverstein, “Limits of Extreme Eigenvalues,” in Spectral Analysis of Large Dimensional Random Matrices, J. W. Silverstein, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2010, pp. 91–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Paleontologists Discover Extinct Kitten-Sized Predator,” IFLScience, 10-May-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Infrastructure: States Benefit From Block Grant Flexibility,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-90-126, Jun. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. K. Blackwell, “Timbre Fantasy: An Analysis on Coloristic Choices in John Corigliano’s Etude Fantasy,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Wheeler’s Solid Start Helps Mets Win,” New York Times, p. B11, 13-Apr-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol.
ISSN (print)1051-8215
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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