How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Aldiss, “Cognitive ability and the light bulb,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6767, p. 253, Jan. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. C. Pack and R. T. Born, “Temporal dynamics of a neural solution to the aperture problem in visual area MT of macaque brain,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6823, pp. 1040–1042, Feb. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Jiang, Y. Wang, and M. Li, “Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6070, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. R. Wenk, S. Matthies, R. J. Hemley, H. K. Mao, and J. Shu, “The plastic deformation of iron at pressures of the Earth’s inner core,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6790, pp. 1044–1047, Jun. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Douglas, Achieving Business Success with GIS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
K. G. Usunoff, Functional Neuroanatomy of Pain, vol. 184. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Chen and M. Lu, “Globalization and Regional Income Inequality in China,” in Toward Balanced Growth with Economic Agglomeration: Empirical Studies of China’s Urban-Rural and Interregional Development, M. Lu, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016, pp. 63–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “First patient receives next-generation artificial heart replacement,” IFLScience, Dec. 31, 2013. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Its Oversight Role,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-314T, Dec. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. M. Sanghvi, “Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Powell, “He’s Got It From Here,” New York Times, p. M296, Apr. 19, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Automat. Contr.
ISSN (print)0018-9286
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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