How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. A. Herring, “Physics. A new twist for electron beams,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6014, pp. 155–156, Jan. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. O. Scully and A. A. Svidzinsky, “Physics. The Lamb shift--yesterday, today, and tomorrow,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5983, pp. 1239–1241, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Chaudhuri, C. Khuong, and F. W. Alt, “Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7003, pp. 992–998, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. J. Demarest et al., “Mutual synergistic folding in recruitment of CBP/p300 by p160 nuclear receptor coactivators,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6871, pp. 549–553, Jan. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Wilmott and D. Orrell, The Money Formula. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
T. Wyeld, P. Calder, and H. Shen, Eds., Computer-Human Interaction. Cognitive Effects of Spatial Interaction, Learning, and Ability: 25th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference, OzCHI 2013, Adelaide, SA, Australia, November 25-29, 2013. Revised and Extended Papers, vol. 8433. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8433. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Ascher and N. Mirovitskaya, “Pitfalls of Macroeconomic Decisions,” in Development Strategies and Inter-Group Violence: Insights on Conflict-Sensitive Development, N. Mirovitskaya, Ed., New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Terrifying Viper Has A SPIDER For A Tail!,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Elementary School Children: Many Change Schools Frequently, Harming Their Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-94-45, Feb. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. M. Gossett, “Autobiographical insights into the spiritual psychologies of Jung and Bion,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, “Chatter, in Hopes of Preventing Splatter,” New York Times, p. C1, Oct. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Automat. Contr.
ISSN (print)0018-9286
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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