How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. L. Maller, “Signal transduction. Fishing at the cell surface,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5619, pp. 594–595, Apr. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. K. Czyzewski and D.-N. Wang, “Identification and characterization of a bacterial hydrosulphide ion channel,” Nature, vol. 483, no. 7390, pp. 494–497, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-T. Wang, C. Chen, and Y. Kawazoe, “New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3077, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. G. Mullighan et al., “Genomic analysis of the clonal origins of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5906, pp. 1377–1380, Nov. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. E. Gup, Banking and Financial Institutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
K. Chemla and J. Virbel, Eds., Texts, Textual Acts and the History of Science, vol. 42. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Tamburrini and F. Dalla Palma, “Atto medico radiologico,” in Management in radiologia, L. Bonomo, A. Carriero, M. Centonze, and T. Scarabino, Eds. Milano: Springer, 2010, pp. 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “America’s ‘Hidden Subsidies’ for Fossil Fuels Are Worth $170 Billion a Year,” IFLScience, 06-Mar-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airline Competition: DOT’s Implementation of Airline Regulatory Authority,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-93, Jun. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Rangwala, “The Role of the PDZ Protein, Erbin, in Schwann Cells,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
N. Bernstein, “22 Unclaimed Bodies Endured a Grim Detour Before Burial,” New York Times, p. A1, 27-Oct-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Automat. Contr.
ISSN (print)0018-9286
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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