How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Humphries, “Latency: A sleeping giant,” Nature, vol. 502, no. 7470, pp. S14-5, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Knapp and J. Mallet, “Ecology. Refuting refugia?,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5616, pp. 71–72, Apr. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Dragert, K. Wang, and T. S. James, “A silent slip event on the deeper Cascadia subduction interface,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5521, pp. 1525–1528, May 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X.-Z. Jiang, L. Cong, J.-Z. Niu, W. Dou, and J.-J. Wang, “Alternative splicing contributes to the coordinated regulation of ferritin subunit levels in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4806, Apr. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. J. Saliba, J. C. Corona, and K. E. Johnson, Option Spread Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
J. C. Aurich and D. Dornfeld, Eds., Burrs - Analysis, Control and Removal: Proceedings of the CIRP International Conference on Burrs, 2nd-3rd April, 2009, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
E. E. Peters-Burton and L. M. Martin-Hansen, “Implications of Gifted Student Selection Techniques for Scientific Creativity,” in Interplay of Creativity and Giftedness in Science, M. K. Demetrikopoulos and J. L. Pecore, Eds. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016, pp. 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Antidepressant Trial Failed To Mention Numerous Suicide Attempts,” IFLScience, 21-Sep-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Amendment to FCC Rules Regarding a Plan for Cost-Sharing of Microwave Relocation,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-96-14, Jun. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. A. Moran, “Investigating the circumstellar environments of young stars with the PROMPT polarimeter,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, “Asked for Data on Voters, States Give Trump Panel a Bipartisan ‘No,’” New York Times, p. A12, 01-Jul-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.
ISSN (print)1051-8223
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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