How to format your references using the IEEE Micro citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Micro. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Fabbiano, “Astronomy. The hunt for intermediate-mass black holes,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5709, pp. 533–534, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Miles and V. Kapos, “Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: global land-use implications,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5882, pp. 1454–1455, Jun. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Blaha, R. E. Stanley, and T. A. Steitz, “Formation of the first peptide bond: the structure of EF-P bound to the 70S ribosome,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5943, pp. 966–970, Aug. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. J. Higgins, F. Yan, P. Liu, H.-W. Liu, and C. L. Drennan, “Structural insight into antibiotic fosfomycin biosynthesis by a mononuclear iron enzyme,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7060, pp. 838–844, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Scheinfeld, Busting Loose from the Business Game. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
Z. Guo, International Comparisons of China’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training System, vol. 12. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. J. Beloff, “Is There A Lex Sportiva?,” in Lex Sportiva: What is Sports Law?, R. C. R. Siekmann and J. Soek, Eds. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press, 2012, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Micro.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Amphibious Fishes In Hot Water Cool Themselves By Jumping Out,” IFLScience, Oct. 22, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Montana’s Medical Assistance Facilities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-96-12R, Oct. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Van Name, “Boolean Partition Algebras,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, “Democrats Are Unified, but Not Always Accurate, on Health Bill Attacks,” New York Times, p. A15, Mar. 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Micro
ISSN (print)0272-1732
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles