How to format your references using the IEEE Intelligent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Intelligent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Chapman, “Drug discovery: the leading edge,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 6995, pp. 109–115, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. D. Amack and M. L. Manning, “Knowing the boundaries: extending the differential adhesion hypothesis in embryonic cell sorting,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6104, pp. 212–215, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Navarrete, C. P. van Schaik, and K. Isler, “Energetics and the evolution of human brain size,” Nature, vol. 480, no. 7375, pp. 91–93, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. E. Lugo, R. Doti, N. Sanchez, M. B. de la Mora, J. A. del Rio, and J. Faubert, “The bifoil photodyne: a photonic crystal oscillator,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3705, Jan. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. H. Nguyen, Leaders and Innovators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
J. Ralyté, X. Franch, S. Brinkkemper, and S. Wrycza, Eds., Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 24th International Conference, CAiSE 2012, Gdansk, Poland, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings, vol. 7328. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Huang, Y. Chen, and D. Chavarría-Miranda, “High-Performance Computing for Real-Time Grid Analysis and Operation,” in High Performance Computing in Power and Energy Systems, S. K. Khaitan and A. Gupta, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 151–188.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Tallest Tree In The Tropics Found In The Remote Malaysian Rainforest,” IFLScience, Jun. 10, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Airspace System: Status of Wide Area Augmentation System Project,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-79, Apr. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Zavarella, “Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Apuzzo and M. S. Schmidt, “Comey Expected to Testify About His Talks With Trump,” New York Times, p. A14, Jun. 01, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Intelligent Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Intell. Syst.
ISSN (print)1541-1672
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications

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