How to format your references using the IEEE Intelligent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Intelligent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Cui, “Astronomy. Very energetic gamma rays from microblazars,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5735, pp. 714–715, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. B. Haga and J. C. Venter, “Genetics. FDA races in wrong direction,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5632, p. 466, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. S. Barsh, I. S. Farooqi, and S. O’Rahilly, “Genetics of body-weight regulation,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6778, pp. 644–651, Apr. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. R. Gartia et al., “Injection-seeded optoplasmonic amplifier in the visible,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6168, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. L. Yeakley and J. D. Fiebrich, Collaborative Process Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
C.-F. Lee, Statistics for Business and Financial Economics, 3rd ed. 2013. 3rd ed. 2013.New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
P. S. Melo, P. D. Marcato, D. R. de Araújo, and N. Durán, “In Vitro Cytotoxicity Assays of Nanoparticles on Different Cell Lines,” in Nanotoxicology: Materials, Methodologies, and Assessments, N. Durán, S. S. Guterres, and O. L. Alves, Eds., in Nanomedicine and Nanotoxicology. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 111–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Hands-Free ‘Bionic’ Penis In Development,” IFLScience, Nov. 29, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal-Aid Highway Program: Impact of the District of Columbia Emergency Highway Relief Act,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-97-162, Jun. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Remon, “Not Here Not Now,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Finding Beauty Amid the Grit,” New York Times, p. C3, Oct. 07, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Intelligent Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Intell. Syst.
ISSN (print)1541-1672
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications

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