How to format your references using the IEEE Engineering Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Engineering Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. A. Garsin, “Microbiology. Peptide signals sense and destroy target cells,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5705, pp. 2202–2203, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. A. Sillanpää and P. J. Hakonen, “Optomechanics: Hardware for a quantum network,” Nature, vol. 507, no. 7490, pp. 45, 47, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. R. E. Sinclair, S. Mduma, and J. S. Brashares, “Patterns of predation in a diverse predator-prey system,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6955, pp. 288–290, Sep. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Calais et al., “Seismology: tectonic strain in plate interiors?,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7070, pp. E9-10; discussion E10, Dec. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. D. McBain, Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
B. Duval, J. van den Herik, S. Loiseau, and J. Filipe, Eds., Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 8946. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Carminati, “Introduction to Radiative Transfer,” in Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer, S. Volz, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Engineering Management Review.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Peekaboo! Dwarf Goats Have Object Permanence Too,” IFLScience, May 26, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Restructured Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Program in Urban Areas,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-130515, Apr. 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Murphy-Perez, “Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) Grown Silica Nanowires as the Interface for Biorecognition Molecules in Biosensors,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, “Stitching Together Yarn, Memory and History,” New York Times, p. WE6, Aug. 03, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Engineering Management Review
AbbreviationIEEE Eng. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)0360-8581
ScopeStrategy and Management
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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