How to format your references using the IEEE Engineering Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Engineering Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.-D. Hardt, “Antibiotics: Homed to the hideout,” Nature, vol. 527, no. 7578, pp. 309–310, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Jones-Smith and H. Mathur, “Fractal Analysis: revisiting Pollock’s drip paintings,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7119, pp. E9-10; discussion E10-11, Nov. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. C. Kah, T. W. Lyons, and T. D. Frank, “Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7010, pp. 834–838, Oct. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. N. Peplowski et al., “Radioactive elements on Mercury’s surface from MESSENGER: implications for the planet’s formation and evolution,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6051, pp. 1850–1852, Sep. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. L. Brauer, Safety and Health for Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Z. Rosenberg, Terminal Ballistics, 2nd ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Ajwani and H. Meyerhenke, “Chapter 5. Realistic Computer Models,” in Algorithm Engineering: Bridging the Gap between Algorithm Theory and Practice, M. Müller-Hannemann and S. Schirra, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 194–236.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Engineering Management Review.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Alaskan Town Set To Become First Community In The US To Relocate Due To Climate Change,” IFLScience, Aug. 18, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-10, Dec. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. Bryan, “Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Rueck, “‘ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS’; What’s a Stewardess,” New York Times, p. travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4, Jun. 11, 1972.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Engineering Management Review
AbbreviationIEEE Eng. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)0360-8581
ScopeStrategy and Management
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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