How to format your references using the Gender Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sadoulet, B. (2007). Particle dark matter in the universe: at the brink of discovery? Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5808), 61–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, L. W., & Roberts, B. (2005). Bacterial immunity traded for sperm viability in male crickets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merico, A., Tyrrell, T., & Wilson, P. A. (2008). Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidification linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea-level fall. Nature, 452(7190), 979–982.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cook, B., Hardy, R. W., McConnaughey, W. B., & Zuker, C. S. (2008). Preserving cell shape under environmental stress. Nature, 452(7185), 361–364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mishra, A. R. (2010). Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cai, W. (Ed.). (2014). Engineering in Translational Medicine. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cui, T., Lin, C.-W., Chien, C. H., Chao, Y. J., & Van Zee, J. (2011). Service Life Prediction of Seal in PEM Fuel Cells. In T. Proulx (Ed.), Experimental Mechanics on Emerging Energy Systems and Materials, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics (pp. 25–32). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, July 16). Dolphins Spotted Riding Whales Off The Coast Of Hawaii. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Transportation Infrastructure: Advantages and Disadvantages of Wrap-Up Insurance for Large Construction Projects (No. RCED-99-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau, L. (2014). Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, December 14). World Briefing | Europe: Estonia: Vodka Pipeline. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Issues
AbbreviationGender Issues
ISSN (print)1098-092X
ISSN (online)1936-4717
ScopeGender Studies

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