How to format your references using the Gender Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaser, M. (2011). Antibiotic overuse: Stop the killing of beneficial bacteria. Nature, 476(7361), 393–394.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klyachko, V. A., & Jackson, M. B. (2002). Capacitance steps and fusion pores of small and large-dense-core vesicles in nerve terminals. Nature, 418(6893), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma, T., Araújo, N. A. M., & Herrmann, H. J. (2014). Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Scientific reports, 4, 5638.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Duan, X., Kim, T., Han, L., Ma, J., Du, X., & Zheng, W. (2013). Formation of alumina nanocapsules by high-energy-electron irradiation of Na-dawsonite nanorods. Scientific reports, 3, 3218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie, D., & Hewitt, I. (2015). Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Izmailov, I. (2016). Cryptology Transmitted Message Protection: From Deterministic Chaos up to Optical Vortices. (B. Poizner, I. Romanov, & S. Smolskiy, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavery, L. A., & Armstrong, D. G. (2012). Clinical Examination and Risk Classification of the Diabetic Foot. In A. Veves, J. M. Giurini, & F. W. LoGerfo (Eds.), The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management (pp. 59–74). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Issues.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 8). Polar Bear Cam Captures Life From The Bears Persepctive. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues (No. GAO-13-563T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, A. (2013). Yoga as mental health treatment for cancer survivors: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016, September 23). Aleppo Reeling as Air Assaults Are Stepped Up. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Issues
AbbreviationGender Issues
ISSN (print)1098-092X
ISSN (online)1936-4717
ScopeGender Studies

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