How to format your references using the Gender Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tolstoy, E. (2011). Galaxy evolution. Galactic paleontology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6039), 176–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, A. N., & Long, S. B. (2012). Crystal structure of the human two-pore domain potassium channel K2P1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6067), 432–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behn, M. D., Hirth, G., & Kelemen, P. B. (2007). Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 108–111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cope, G. A., Suh, G. S. B., Aravind, L., Schwarz, S. E., Zipursky, S. L., Koonin, E. V., & Deshaies, R. J. (2002). Role of predicted metalloprotease motif of Jab1/Csn5 in cleavage of Nedd8 from Cul1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5593), 608–611.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Y. (2012). Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stone, P. G., & Brough, D. (Eds.). (2014). Managing, Using, and Interpreting Hadrian’s Wall as World Heritage (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinzmann, G., Trognon, A., & Tremblay, F. (2014). Correspondence Between Evert Willem Beth and Jean Piaget (1951–1955). In M. Rebuschi, M. Batt, G. Heinzmann, F. Lihoreau, M. Musiol, & A. Trognon (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Works in Logic, Epistemology, Psychology and Linguistics: Dialogue, Rationality, and Formalism (pp. 45–93). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Issues.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, July 5). This Company Wants To Grow Drones In Giant Vats Of Goo. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Digital Television Transition: Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program Is Under Way, but Preparedness to Manage an Increase in Subsidy Demand Is Unclear (No. GAO-08-1040). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens, T. (2012). The evolution of transformative communication patterns in 1-to-1 computing classrooms (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, May 8). A Cry for Help as a Witness Recounts a Man’s Fall Onto the Subway Tracks. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Issues
AbbreviationGender Issues
ISSN (print)1098-092X
ISSN (online)1936-4717
ScopeGender Studies

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