How to format your references using the Gender Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). CHEMISTRY: Crystals Branch Out Into Exotic Shapes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5498), 1875.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, A. H., & Simons, K. (2011). The new cell biology: Beyond HeLa cells. Nature, 480(7375), 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mallatt, J., Chen, J., & Holland, N. D. (2003). Comment on “A new species of yunnanozoan with implications for deuterostome evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1372; author reply 1372.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koralek, J. D., Weber, C. P., Orenstein, J., Bernevig, B. A., Zhang, S.-C., Mack, S., & Awschalom, D. D. (2009). Emergence of the persistent spin helix in semiconductor quantum wells. Nature, 458(7238), 610–613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders, S. (2015). Seizures in Dogs and Cats. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leitner, G., Hitz, M., & Holzinger, A. (Eds.). (2010). HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6389). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ning, G., & Zhou, Y. (2016). An Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm for Solving Absolute Value Equations. In J. Xie, Z. Chen, C. C. Douglas, W. Zhang, & Y. Chen (Eds.), High Performance Computing and Applications: Third International Conference, HPCA 2015, Shanghai, China, July 26-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 38–47). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Issues.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 11). The Sun Emitted Two X-Class Solar Flares Back-to-Back. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Uncertainties Surrounding IRS’ Fiscal Year 1992 Budget Request for Tax System Modernization (No. T-IMTEC-91-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrada, M. I. (2012). A community risk assessment of the 90806 zip code (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, June 24). A Sassy Lass Makes Way for Staid. New York Times, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Issues
AbbreviationGender Issues
ISSN (print)1098-092X
ISSN (online)1936-4717
ScopeGender Studies

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