How to format your references using the Gender Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeHaan, R. L. (2011). Science education. Teaching creative science thinking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6062), 1499–1500.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jia, T., & Barabási, A.-L. (2013). Control capacity and a random sampling method in exploring controllability of complex networks. Scientific reports, 3, 2354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cosgaya, J. M., Chan, J. R., & Shooter, E. M. (2002). The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR as a positive modulator of myelination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1245–1248.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hoopengardner, B., Bhalla, T., Staber, C., & Reenan, R. (2003). Nervous system targets of RNA editing identified by comparative genomics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5634), 832–836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira, P., & Romo, J. A. (2012). Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Michelson, G. (Ed.). (2015). Teleophthalmology in Preventive Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakahara, J., Sepehrdad, P., Zhang, B., & Wang, M. (2009). Linear (Hull) and Algebraic Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher PRESENT. In J. A. Garay, A. Miyaji, & A. Otsuka (Eds.), Cryptology and Network Security: 8th International Conference, CANS 2009, Kanazawa, Japan, December 12-14, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 58–75). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 29). Amazing Photograph Shows Birth and Death of Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Program Could Be Improved (No. FPCD-75-107). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ng, A. (2012). Exploring the perceptions of health care leaders: Colorectal cancer screening barriers among Chinese Canadian women (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, May 15). Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Issues
AbbreviationGender Issues
ISSN (print)1098-092X
ISSN (online)1936-4717
ScopeGender Studies

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