How to format your references using the IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. D. Jones, “Synthetic chemistry. The key to successful organic synthesis is,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5553, pp. 289–290, Jan. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. M. Kinchen and K. S. Ravichandran, “Identification of two evolutionarily conserved genes regulating processing of engulfed apoptotic cells,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7289, pp. 778–782, Apr. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Akoulitchev, S. Chuikov, and D. Reinberg, “TFIIH is negatively regulated by cdk8-containing mediator complexes,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6800, pp. 102–106, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. G. Schulz, I. Zondervan, L. J. A. Gerringa, K. R. Timmermans, M. J. W. Veldhuis, and U. Riebesell, “Effect of trace metal availability on coccolithophorid calcification,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7000, pp. 673–676, Aug. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Zito, Electrochemical Water Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
B. Arts, S. van Bommel, M. Ros-Tonen, and G. Verschoor, Eds., Forest-people interfaces: Understanding community forestry and biocultural diversity. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Jacobs and W. Pieters, “Electronic Voting in the Netherlands: From Early Adoption to Early Abolishment,” in Foundations of Security Analysis and Design V: FOSAD 2007/2008/2009 Tutorial Lectures, A. Aldini, G. Barthe, and R. Gorrieri, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 121–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “What If Nature, Like Corporations, Had The Rights And Protections Of A Person?,” IFLScience, 10-Oct-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “K-12 Education: Characteristics of the Investing in Innovation Fund,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-211R, Feb. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Baghdadi, “A comparison of gender representation in English (EFL) and Arabic (AFL) textbooks in Iran: A critical discourse analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Debt Plan Still Fragile for Puerto Rico Utility, Lawmakers Are Told,” New York Times, p. B5, 13-Jan-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [1].
This sentence cites four references [1], [1], [1], [1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Intell. Mag.
ISSN (print)1556-603X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

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