How to format your references using the IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. B. Reich, “Climate Change. The carbon dioxide exchange,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5993, pp. 774–775, Aug. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. John and C. A. Hunter, “Immunology. Neutrophil soldiers or Trojan Horses?,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5891, pp. 917–918, Aug. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Thürmer, E. Williams, and J. Reutt-Robey, “Autocatalytic oxidation of lead crystallite surfaces,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5589, pp. 2033–2035, Sep. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Matsui, K. Seki, A. Hibara, and T. Mizoguchi, “An estimation of molecular dynamic behaviour in a liquid using core-loss spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3503, Dec. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Balmori, Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
J.-P. Banâtre, P. Fradet, J.-L. Giavitto, and O. Michel, Eds., Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, vol. 3566. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
D. E. Alvermann and C. A. Mallozzi, “Moving Beyond the Gold Standard: Epistemological and Ontological Considerations of Research in Science Literacy,” in Quality Research in Literacy and Science Education: International Perspectives and Gold Standards, M. C. Shelley, L. D. Yore, and B. Hand, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, pp. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “What Would Happen If Every Single Nuke In The World Went Off At The Same Time?,” IFLScience, Jan. 20, 2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Medical ADP Systems: Changes in Composite Health Care System’s Deployment Strategy Are Unwise,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-91-47, Sep. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. S. Agbi, “Shadow economy and the related issues of tax evasion: A comparative analysis among Canadian workers,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “COURT TO WEIGH RACE AS A FACTOR IN SCHOOL ROLLS,” New York Times, p. A1, Jun. 06, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Intell. Mag.
ISSN (print)1556-603X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

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