How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2006). Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature 444, 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demmig-Adams, B., and Adams, W. W., 3rd (2002). Antioxidants in photosynthesis and human nutrition. Science 298, 2149–2153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davison, P. A., Hunter, C. N., and Horton, P. (2002). Overexpression of beta-carotene hydroxylase enhances stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Nature 418, 203–206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cho, J., Jeon, S., Wilson, S. A., Liu, L. V., Kang, E. A., Braymer, J. J., et al. (2011). Structure and reactivity of a mononuclear non-haem iron(III)-peroxo complex. Nature 478, 502–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waigh, T. A. (2014). The Physics of Living Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kavanagh, K. ed. (2007). New Insights in Medical Mycology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Berg, R. H., Fester, T., and Taylor, C. G. (2009). “Development of the Root-Knot Nematode Feeding Cell,” in Cell Biology of Plant Nematode Parasitism Plant Cell Monographs., eds. R. H. Berg and C. G. Taylor (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 115–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Company Claims To Have Developed Working Hoverboard. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970). Administration of Federal Support of Shore Facilities and Vessels for Research Activities at Oceanographic Institutions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein, J. (2012). Murder in Colonial Albany: European and Indian Responses to Cross-Cultural Murders.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). The Pulitzer at 100. New York Times, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Demmig-Adams and Adams, 2002; Ledford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demmig-Adams and Adams, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cho et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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