How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2006). Biologist aims to ease the pain for entrepreneurs. Nature 440, 738–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzveig, P., and Barata, J. C. A. (2010). Physics. A drop of quantum matter. Science 328, 1491–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yohe, G., Andronova, N., and Schlesinger, M. (2004). Climate. To hedge or not against an uncertain climate future? Science 306, 416–417.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Naik, A., Buu, O., LaHaye, M. D., Armour, A. D., Clerk, A. A., Blencowe, M. P., et al. (2006). Cooling a nanomechanical resonator with quantum back-action. Nature 443, 193–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander, M., and Walkenbach, J. (2010). Excel® Dashboards & Reports. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Bernstein, D. J., and Chatterjee, S. eds. (2011). Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2011: 12th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Chennai, India, December 11-14, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tonerini, M., Ruschi, F., Scionti, A., and Tani, U. (2015). “Imaging Bone Injuries with Plain Film X-Ray,” in Imaging Trauma and Polytrauma in Pediatric Patients, eds. V. Miele and M. Trinci (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 101–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Brains, Genes And Chemical Imbalances – How Explanations Of Mental Illness Affect Stigma. IFLScience. Available at:–-how-explanations-mental-illness-affect-stigma/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Alleged Violations of the Kentucky State Plan for Vocational Education and Federal Regulations on Vocational Education by the Kentucky Department of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K. E. (2012). The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shinn, I. E. (1949). TIE-IN. New York Times, MagazineSM2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2006; Nussenzveig and Barata, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nussenzveig and Barata, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Naik et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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