How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lohmann, K. J. (2010). Q&A: Animal behaviour: Magnetic-field perception. Nature 464, 1140–1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahakian, B., and Morein-Zamir, S. (2007). Professor’s little helper. Nature 450, 1157–1159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochman, H., Lawrence, J. G., and Groisman, E. A. (2000). Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Nature 405, 299–304.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knops, A., Thirion, B., Hubbard, E. M., Michel, V., and Dehaene, S. (2009). Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic. Science 324, 1583–1585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, D. M. (2009). World Wide Rave. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zaknich, A. (2005). Principles of Adaptive Filters and Self-learning Systems. , eds. M. J. Grimble and M. A. Johnson London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Visser, S., Thébault, E., and de Ruiter, P. C. (2013). “Ecosystem Engineers, Keystone Species,” in Ecological Systems: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, ed. R. Leemans (New York, NY: Springer), 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Antarctic Rate of Ice Loss Double Previous Estimate. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ethridge, G. (2012). Determining the variables that contribute to job tenure for people with psychiatric disabilities participating in an evidenced-based supported employment program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tabor, M. B. W. (1995). Media: Publishing; Nobody’s sure what multimedia rights to books are worth. But nobody’s ceding them without a fight. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lohmann, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lohmann, 2010; Sahakian and Morein-Zamir, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sahakian and Morein-Zamir, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Knops et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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