How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grinnell, F. (2015). Rethink our approach to assessing risk. Nature 522, 257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, R. G., and Sutikna, T. (2013). Michael John Morwood (1950-2013). Nature 500, 401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, M. J., Armstrong, J. S., and Gibbs, A. J. (2001). Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 “Spanish flu.” Science 293, 1842–1845.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Erb, K.-H., Kastner, T., Plutzar, C., Bais, A. L. S., Carvalhais, N., Fetzel, T., et al. (2018). Unexpectedly large impact of forest management and grazing on global vegetation biomass. Nature 553, 73–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda, L. B., Arunachalam, V., and Dharmaraja, S. (2012). Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Signorini, A. ed. (2011). Teorie non linearizzate in elasticità, idrodinamica, aerodinamica. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellucci, R., and Alyea, E. P. (2013). “Harnessing Allogeneic Immunity for Anti-myeloma Response,” in Advances in Biology and Therapy of Multiple Myeloma: Volume 2: Translational and Clinical Research, eds. N. C. Munshi and K. C. Anderson (New York, NY: Springer), 111–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Hybrid Solar Eclipse on 3 November 2013. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Federal Aviation Administration: Human Capital System Incorporates Many Leading Practices, but Improving Employees’ Satisfaction with Their Workplace Remains a Challenge. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bebianno Simoes, M. (2012). Work and social activism in the life stories of Latina domestic workers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shattuck, K. (2017). A Break From ‘House of Cards’ Intrigue. New York Times, MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grinnell, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Roberts and Sutikna, 2013; Grinnell, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Sutikna, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Erb et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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