How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macneil, J. S. (2000). NEUROSCIENCE: Neural Net Contest Draws Online Crowd. Science 290, 2233b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, S., and Wang, J. (2014). A compact trench-assisted multi-orbital-angular-momentum multi-ring fiber for ultrahigh-density space-division multiplexing (19 rings × 22 modes). Sci. Rep. 4, 3853.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., van Duijn, E., and Braakman, I. (2002). Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science 298, 2401–2403.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi, H.-J., Choi, J.-S., Park, B.-J., Eom, J.-H., Heo, S.-Y., Jung, M.-W., et al. (2014). Enhanced transparency, mechanical durability, and antibacterial activity of zinc nanoparticles on glass substrate. Sci. Rep. 4, 6271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaskar, K., and Varadan Retd., T. K. (2014). Plates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kurochkina, N. ed. (2015). SH Domains: Structure, Mechanisms and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
van de Heetkamp, A., and Tusveld, R. (2011). “(Rules of) Origin,” in Origin Management: Rules of Origin in Free Trade Agreements, ed. R. Tusveld (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 71–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Study Confirms Earthquakes In Ohio Were Triggered By Fracking. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Airline Competition: Fares and Concentration at Small-City Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen, U. (2012). Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Delightful in Their Depravity. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macneil, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macneil, 2000; Li and Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Wang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems and Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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