How to format your references using the Hydrogeology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrogeology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2009) The new boss in town. Nature 457:17
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham R, Gaur V (2013) Geophysics. Buildings as weapons of mass destruction. Science 341:618–619
A journal article with 3 authors
Jenkins N, Saam JR, Mango SE (2006) CYK-4/GAP provides a localized cue to initiate anteroposterior polarity upon fertilization. Science 313:1298–1301
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goldenberg SB, Landsea CW, Mestas-Nunez AM, Gray WM (2001) The recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity: causes and implications. Science 293:474–479

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eichhorn MP (2016) Natural Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Khan MS, Zaidi A, Musarrat J (eds) (2009) Microbial Strategies for Crop Improvement. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Anari A, Kolari JW (2010) Profit System Models for Industries. In: Kolari JW (ed) The Power of Profit: Business and Economic Analyses, Forecasting, and Stock Valuation. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 95–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrogeology Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) How The Brain Changes In Alzheimer’s Disease: A New View. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Federal Research: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Management and Oversight of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnard S (2015) Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up. New York Times BU1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2009; Bilham and Gaur 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilham and Gaur 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldenberg et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrogeology Journal
AbbreviationHydrogeol. J.
ISSN (print)1431-2174
ISSN (online)1435-0157
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Water Science and Technology

Other styles