How to format your references using the Hydrogeology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrogeology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Komar AA (2007) Genetics. SNPs, silent but not invisible. Science 315:466–467
A journal article with 2 authors
Morton JJL, Mølmer K (2015) Quantum information: Spin memories in for the long haul. Nature 517:153–154
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo DW, McManus JF, Cullen JL (2003) Palaeo-oceanography: Deepwater variability in the Holocene epoch. Nature 422:277
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Abbamonte P, Venema L, Rusydi A, et al (2002) A structural probe of the doped holes in cuprate superconductors. Science 297:581–584

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkat S, Baird S (2016) Liquidity Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Crowe J (2005) PID Control: New Identification and Design Methods. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Durand-Guerrier V, Kazima M, Libbrecht P, et al (2016) Challenges and Opportunities for Second Language Learners in Undergraduate Mathematics. In: Barwell R, Clarkson P, Halai A, et al. (eds) Mathematics Education and Language Diversity: The 21st ICMI Study. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrogeology Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Two Spectacular New Peacock Spiders Discovered in Queensland. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) School Meal Programs: More Systematic Development of Specifications Could Improve the Safety of Foods Purchased through USDA’s Commodity Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams AW (2013) Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000) Kaukenas’s Magical Night Means Romp for Seton Hall. New York Times 84

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Komar 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Komar 2007; Morton and Mølmer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morton and Mølmer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Abbamonte et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrogeology Journal
AbbreviationHydrogeol. J.
ISSN (print)1431-2174
ISSN (online)1435-0157
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Water Science and Technology

Other styles