How to format your references using the Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer A (2003) Chemistry. Enhanced: a view of unusual peroxides. Science 302:235–236
A journal article with 2 authors
Jahn R, Fasshauer D (2012) Molecular machines governing exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Nature 490:201–207
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser A, Mian Z, von Hippel F (2015) NUCLEAR SECURITY. After the Iran deal: Multinational enrichment. Science 348:1320–1322
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yao Q, Luo Z, Yuan X, et al (2014) Assembly of nanoions via electrostatic interactions: ion-like behavior of charged noble metal nanoclusters. Sci Rep 4:3848

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Modarres M, Amiri M, Jackson C (2017) Probabilistic Physics of Failure Approach to Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Koopman P, Plasmeijer R, Swierstra D (eds) (2009) Advanced Functional Programming: 6th International School, AFP 2008, Heijen, The Netherlands, May 2008, Revised Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Till H, Stolzenburg J-U, Waldschmidt U (2011) Paediatric Urology. In: Stolzenburg J-U, Türk IA, Liatsikos EN (eds) Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Surgery in Urology: Atlas of Standard Procedures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 349–362

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genetics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Scientists Create Light-Sensitive Retina in a Dish. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Domestic Aviation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Benefits of Airline Deregulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt ES (2013) Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Returning, and Inspiring the Likes of Spielberg. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Greer 2003; Jahn and Fasshauer 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jahn and Fasshauer 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0340-6717
ISSN (online)1432-1203

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