How to format your references using the Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burbine TH (2008) Planetary science. Identifying ancient asteroids. Science 320:457–458
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong M, Munro S (2014) Membrane trafficking. The specificity of vesicle traffic to the Golgi is encoded in the golgin coiled-coil proteins. Science 346:1256898
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch NI, Anderson KR, Lai D (2014) Chaotic dynamics of stellar spin in binaries and the production of misaligned hot Jupiters. Science 345:1317–1321
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bilde T, Foged A, Schilling N, Arnqvist G (2009) Postmating sexual selection favors males that sire offspring with low fitness. Science 324:1705–1706

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon J (2017) Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Baldacchino G, Niles D (eds) (2011) Island Futures: Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Haissaguerre M (2011) Case 4. In: Natale A, Al-Ahmad A, Wang PJ, DiMarco J (eds) Cardiac Electrophysiology: Clinical Case Review. Springer, London, pp 15–18

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Five WW2 Warships And A Submarine Have Vanished From The Seafloor. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miranda PJ (2015) Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J, Wang V (2017) They Don’t Ride the Subway, Though Its Future Rides on Them. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burbine 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Burbine 2008; Wong and Munro 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Munro 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bilde et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0340-6717
ISSN (online)1432-1203

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