How to format your references using the Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finney C (2015) Conservation economics. Comment on “Using ecological thresholds to evaluate the costs and benefits of set-asides in a biodiversity hotspot.” Science 347:731
A journal article with 2 authors
Reimann JDR, Jackson PK (2002) Emi1 is required for cytostatic factor arrest in vertebrate eggs. Nature 416:850–854
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic S, Nahvi A, Green R (2011) A parsimonious model for gene regulation by miRNAs. Science 331:550–553
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Okada A, Charron F, Morin S, et al (2006) Boc is a receptor for sonic hedgehog in the guidance of commissural axons. Nature 444:369–373

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tourlakis G (2008) Mathematical Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dolšek M (ed) (2011) Protection of Built Environment Against Earthquakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Dai Y (2013) Outlook for Energy Supply and Demand in China. In: Xue J, Zhao Z, Dai Y, Wang B (eds) Green Low-Carbon Development in China. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch This Awesome Slow-Motion Explosion Of A Prince Rupert’s Drop. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) DOD Participation in the Space Transportation System: Status and Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contreras AG (2009) A reproductive health program for the Latino adolescent community: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF (2016) Accelerators Lend Help to a Business Idea Trying to Catch Fire. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finney 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Reimann and Jackson 2002; Finney 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reimann and Jackson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Okada et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0340-6717
ISSN (online)1432-1203

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