How to format your references using the Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karp PD (2001) Pathway databases: a case study in computational symbolic theories. Science 293:2040–2044
A journal article with 2 authors
Emery NJ, Clayton NS (2001) Effects of experience and social context on prospective caching strategies by scrub jays. Nature 414:443–446
A journal article with 3 authors
Grey M, Haggart JW, Smith PL (2008) Variation in evolutionary patterns across the geographic range of a fossil bivalve. Science 322:1238–1241
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ganichev SD, Ivchenko EL, Bel’kov VV, et al (2002) Spin-galvanic effect. Nature 417:153–156

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe D (2014) Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bria WF (2009) Digital Communication in Medical Practice. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Lin TY, Xiao Y, Yang C, et al (2016) Manufacturing Capability Service Modeling, Management and Evaluation for Matching Supply and Demand in Cloud Manufacturing. In: Zhang L, Song X, Wu Y (eds) Theory, Methodology, Tools and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems: 16th Asia Simulation Conference and SCS Autumn Simulation Multi-Conference, AsiaSim/SCS AutumnSim 2016, Beijing, China, October 8-11, 2016, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Singapore, pp 35–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genetics.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) “Cuddle Hormone” May Help Chimpanzees Wage War. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Aviation Research: Information on FAA’s Research, Engineering, and Development Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang Y (2017) Toward a Molecular Mechanism of Phase Separation in Disordered Elastin-Like Proteins. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norris M (2010) FROM BROTHER TO SISTER. New York Times MM66

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Karp 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Karp 2001; Emery and Clayton 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Emery and Clayton 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ganichev et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0340-6717
ISSN (online)1432-1203

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