How to format your references using the Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarti A (2008) Obituary: Victor Almon McKusick (1921-2008). Nature 455:46
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren SJ, Marder E (2013) Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science 340:436–437
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina N, Fink M, Lerosey G (2013) Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Sci Rep 3:3240
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Price MN, Wetmore KM, Waters RJ, et al (2018) Mutant phenotypes for thousands of bacterial genes of unknown function. Nature 557:503–509

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna VK (2005) Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Müller WEG, Grachev MA (eds) (2009) Biosilica in Evolution, Morphogenesis, and Nanobiotechnology: Case Study Lake Baikal. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Keller DS, Delaney CP (2014) SILS Total Colectomy and Proctocolectomy with Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis (IPAA). In: Law WL, Delaney CP (eds) Single Incision Laparoscopic and Transanal Colorectal Surgery. Springer, New York, NY, pp 29–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The War On Feral Cats Will Need Many Different Weapons. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Household Goods Transport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie NJ (2012) African/Black psychology: A qualitative investigation of distinguished Black psychologists. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schlossberg T (2015) After Fatal Crash, Pausing Before Picking a Train Seat. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chakravarti 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chakravarti 2008; Birren and Marder 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birren and Marder 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Price et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0340-6717
ISSN (online)1432-1203

Other styles