How to format your references using the Anticancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anticancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaudhury A: Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information. Nature 437: E1; discussion E2, 2005. PMID: 16136082.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yelenik SG and D’Antonio CM: Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time. Nature 503: 517–520, 2013. PMID: 24256723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Samokhvalov AV, Shekhter RI and Buzdin AI: Stimulation of a singlet superconductivity in SFS weak links by spin-exchange scattering of cooper pairs. Sci Rep 4: 5671, 2014. PMID: 25011929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas JH, Weiss NO, Tobias SM and Brummell NH: Downward pumping of magnetic flux as the cause of filamentary structures in sunspot penumbrae. Nature 420: 390–393, 2002. PMID: 12459777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rehder D: Chemistry in Space. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2013: 12th International Conference, ICEC 2013, São Paulo, Brazil, October 16-18, 2013. Proceedings. (Anacleto JC, Clua EWG, Silva FSC da, Fels S and Yang HS (eds.)). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Chevitarese DS, Szwarcman D and Vellasco M: Speeding Up the Training of Neural Networks with CUDA Technology. In: Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 11th International Conference, ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Rutkowski L, Korytkowski M, Scherer R, Tadeusiewicz R, Zadeh LA and Zurada JM (eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, pp 30–38, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anticancer Research.

Blog post
Fang J: Whooping Cough Reaches Epidemic Proportions in California. IFLScience, 2014. Available from: [last accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patrick NS: Employees’ Perceptions of Employers’ Response After Workplace Injury., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K: Teachers Adding an H (for Hygiene) to the 3 R’s. New York Times: B9, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnticancer Research
AbbreviationAnticancer Res.
ISSN (print)0250-7005
ISSN (online)1791-7530
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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