How to format your references using the Anticancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anticancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thauer RK: Enzymology. Nickel to the fore. Science 293: 1264–1265, 2001. PMID: 11509713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sitia R and Braakman I: Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum protein factory. Nature 426: 891–894, 2003. PMID: 14685249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akiyama K, Matsuzaki K-I and Hayashi H: Plant sesquiterpenes induce hyphal branching in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 435: 824–827, 2005. PMID: 15944706.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nechaev S, Fargo DC, dos Santos G, Liu L, Gao Y and Adelman K: Global analysis of short RNAs reveals widespread promoter-proximal stalling and arrest of Pol II in Drosophila. Science 327: 335–338, 2010. PMID: 20007866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jevon P: Paediatric Advanced Life Support. West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
Parallel Computing: Numerics, Applications, and Trends. 1st ed. (Trobec R, Vajteršic M and Zinterhof P (eds.)). London, Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Shang H and Cao G: Template-Based Synthesis of Nanorod or Nanowire Arrays. In: Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology. Bhushan B (ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, pp 161–178, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anticancer Research.

Blog post
Andrew E: This Is What Climate Change Deniers Sound Like To Normal People. IFLScience, 2015. Available from: [last accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Desert Shield/Storm: U.S. Transportation Command’s Support of Operation. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ressler KM: The path to leadership for Native American women at North Dakota tribal colleges., 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley S and Corkery M: After Scandal, Wells Fargo’s Board Faces a Contentious Re-election Vote. New York Times: B1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnticancer Research
AbbreviationAnticancer Res.
ISSN (print)0250-7005
ISSN (online)1791-7530
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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