How to format your references using the Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tesche, C. (2000). QUANTUM MECHANICS: Enhanced: Schrodinger’s Cat Is Out of the Hat. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492), 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rawlins, D., & Pickering, K. (2001). Ancient chronology. Astronomical orientation of the pyramids. Nature, 412(6848), 699–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, J., Yang, G., & McHaourab, H. S. (2005). Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5724), 1023–1028.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levy, J. S., Fountain, A. G., Dickson, J. L., Head, J. W., Okal, M., Marchant, D. R., & Watters, J. (2013). Accelerated thermokarst formation in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Scientific Reports, 3, 2269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frantzen, A. J. (2012). Anglo-Saxon Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alagumalai, S. (2013). Excellence in Scholarship: Transcending Transdisciplinarity in Teacher Education (S. Burley & J. P. Keeves, Eds.). SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Krupnik, I., Apangalook, L., & Apangalook, P. (2010). “It’s Cold, but Not Cold Enough”: Observing Ice and Climate Change in Gambell, Alaska, in IPY 2007–2008 and Beyond. In I. Krupnik, C. Aporta, S. Gearheard, G. J. Laidler, & L. Kielsen Holm (Eds.), SIKU: Knowing Our Ice: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use (pp. 81–114). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Development.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 7). Blue Whale Spotted Tangled In Fishing Line Off Southern Californian Coast. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Concerning the Reauthorization of Aviation Programs (T-RCED-99-68). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. E. (2010). Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 19). Pioneers Continue To Shepherd Women’s Basketball. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tesche, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rawlins & Pickering, 2001; Tesche, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rawlins & Pickering, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Dong et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Levy et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Development
AbbreviationHum. Dev.
ISSN (print)0018-716X
ISSN (online)1423-0054
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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