How to format your references using the Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nasmyth, K. (2002). Segregating sister genomes: the molecular biology of chromosome separation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 559–565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kagaya, K., & Takahata, M. (2011). Sequential synaptic excitation and inhibition shape readiness discharge for voluntary behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6027), 365–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro, G., Goldsby, D. L., & Tullis, T. E. (2004). Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature, 427(6973), 436–439.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Acosta, I. F., Laparra, H., Romero, S. P., Schmelz, E., Hamberg, M., Mottinger, J. P., Moreno, M. A., & Dellaporta, S. L. (2009). tasselseed1 is a lipoxygenase affecting jasmonic acid signaling in sex determination of maize. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 262–265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D. (2011). Hairspray. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Munteanu, L. (2005). Introduction to Soliton Theory: Applications to Mechanics (S. Donescu, Ed.; Vol. 143). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyei, P. P. (2011). Energy Conservation in Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Units. In M. Schmidt, V. Onyango, & D. Palekhov (Eds.), Implementing Environmental and Resource Management (pp. 33–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 21). Offshore Wind Farms Are Havens For Seals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Information Resource Management Problems in the Department of Commerce (CED-82-113). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ireland, K. S. (2017). The Role Family Communication Patterns Play in Shaping People’s Responses and Perceived Outcomes to Boundary Turbulence via Privacy Breaches in Their Personal Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, November 16). World Briefing | Asia: Putin Indicates Kurile Deal Is Not Likely Soon. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nasmyth, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kagaya & Takahata, 2011; Nasmyth, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kagaya & Takahata, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Di Toro et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Acosta et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Development
AbbreviationHum. Dev.
ISSN (print)0018-716X
ISSN (online)1423-0054
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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