How to format your references using the Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doebley, J. (2006). Plant science. Unfallen grains: how ancient farmers turned weeds into crops. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1318–1319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hertzfeld, H. R., & Pace, S. N. (2013). Space law. International cooperation on human lunar heritage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6162), 1049–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, C., Shim, M., & Guyot-Sionnest, P. (2001). Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2390–2392.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fischer, J., Koch, L., Emmerling, C., Vierkotten, J., Peters, T., Brüning, J. C., & Rüther, U. (2009). Inactivation of the Fto gene protects from obesity. Nature, 458(7240), 894–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh, J. (2017). Functional Software Size Measurement Methodology with Effort Estimation and Performance Indication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Krege, S. (Ed.). (2015). Diagnosis and Management of Testicular Cancer: The European Point of View. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, X., Yang, X., & Li, Q. (2015). The Data Envelopment Analysis of Eco-efficiency in Western China from 2000 to 2010. In M. Li, Q. Zhang, R. Zhang, & X. Shi (Eds.), Proceedings of 2014 1st International Conference on Industrial Economics and Industrial Security (pp. 25–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 30). Critically Endangered “Fairy Possum” Is Stuck In A Catch-22 Situation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified (GAO-13-237). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha, P. (2008). Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. (2017, January 2). Head Coach of Broncos Is Expected to Retire. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doebley, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Doebley, 2006; Hertzfeld & Pace, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hertzfeld & Pace, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fischer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Development
AbbreviationHum. Dev.
ISSN (print)0018-716X
ISSN (online)1423-0054
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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