How to format your references using the HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pälike, H., 2013. Geochemistry. Impact and extinction. Science 339, 655–656.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thornton, A., McAuliffe, K., 2006. Teaching in wild meerkats. Science 313, 227–229.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti, H., Claudin, P., Andreotti, B., 2005. Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes. Nature 437, 720–723.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakanishi, H., Bishop, K.J.M., Kowalczyk, B., Nitzan, A., Weiss, E.A., Tretiakov, K.V., Apodaca, M.M., Klajn, R., Stoddart, J.F., Grzybowski, B.A., 2009. Photoconductance and inverse photoconductance in films of functionalized metal nanoparticles. Nature 460, 371–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fong, A.C.M., Hui, S.C., 2006. Multimedia Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Pillai, P., Shorey, R., Ferro, E. (Eds.), 2013. Personal Satellite Services: 4th International ICST Conference, PSATS 2012, Bradford, UK, March 22-23, 2012. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, R.L., 2007. On the Move: Exercise, Leisure Activities, and Midlife Women, in: Muhlbauer, V., Chrisler, J.C. (Eds.), Women Over 50: Psychological Perspectives. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Watch SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Rocket Almost Land On Floating Barge—It Was So Close! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony) (No. HEHS-98-77R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard, J.M., 2001. The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Mets’ Rally From 10-0 Hole Falls Short. New York Times SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pälike, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Pälike, 2013; Thornton and McAuliffe, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thornton and McAuliffe, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakanishi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology
ISSN (print)0018-442X

Other styles