How to format your references using the HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickelgren, I., 2004. Neuroscience. Monkey see, monkey think about doing. Science 305, 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J.B., Bourillot, P.Y., 2001. Morphogen gradient interpretation. Nature 413, 797–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, J., Rau, A., Burnett, K., 2005. From pedigree cats to fluffy-bunnies. Science 307, 872–875.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shirey, S.B., Harris, J.W., Richardson, S.H., Fouch, M.J., James, D.E., Cartigny, P., Deines, P., Viljoen, F., 2002. Diamond genesis, seismic structure, and evolution of the Kaapvaal-Zimbabwe craton. Science 297, 1683–1686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nova, R., 2013. Soil Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Andreon, S., 2015. Bayesian Methods for the Physical Sciences: Learning from Examples in Astronomy and Physics, Springer Series in Astrostatistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Díaz, N.R., 2016. Against All Odds: Defining a Revolutionary Identity in Syria, in: Douai, A., Ben Moussa, M. (Eds.), Mediated Identities and New Journalism in the Arab World: Mapping the “Arab Spring.” Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Largest Planet To Orbit Two Stars Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act (No. GAO-12-200T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehmeti, A., 2010. Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2013. One Talk Show That Will Never Book a Kardashian. New York Times A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickelgren, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gurdon and Bourillot, 2001; Wickelgren, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon and Bourillot, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Shirey et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology
ISSN (print)0018-442X

Other styles