How to format your references using the HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCauley, D.J., 2006. Selling out on nature. Nature 443, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walczyk, T., von Blanckenburg, F., 2002. Natural iron isotope variations in human blood. Science 295, 2065–2066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wada-Katsumata, A., Silverman, J., Schal, C., 2013. Changes in taste neurons support the emergence of an adaptive behavior in cockroaches. Science 340, 972–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zimmermann, M., Murina, O., Reijns, M.A.M., Agathanggelou, A., Challis, R., Tarnauskaitė, Ž., Muir, M., Fluteau, A., Aregger, M., McEwan, A., Yuan, W., Clarke, M., Lambros, M.B., Paneesha, S., Moss, P., Chandrashekhar, M., Angers, S., Moffat, J., Brunton, V.G., Hart, T., de Bono, J., Stankovic, T., Jackson, A.P., Durocher, D., 2018. CRISPR screens identify genomic ribonucleotides as a source of PARP-trapping lesions. Nature 559, 285–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J.G., Singh, K., 2014. Environmental Management of Energy from Biofuels and Biofeedstocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kuhn, M., 2013. Applied Predictive Modeling. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Benjamas, N., Uthayopas, P., 2009. An Impact of Scheduling Strategy to Parallel FI-Growth Data Mining Algorithm, in: Papasratorn, B., Chutimaskul, W., Porkaew, K., Vanijja, V. (Eds.), Advances in Information Technology: Third International Conference, IAIT 2009, Bangkok, Thailand, December 1-5, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study Sheds Light On How Cannabis Antitumor Properties Work [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. School Finance: State Efforts to Equalize Funding Between Wealthy and Poor School Districts (No. HEHS-98-92). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J.W., 2009. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Spotify Is Said to Favor Direct Listing on N.Y.S.E. Over Public Offering. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCauley, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McCauley, 2006; Walczyk and von Blanckenburg, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walczyk and von Blanckenburg, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zimmermann et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology
ISSN (print)0018-442X

Other styles