How to format your references using the History of the Human Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for History of the Human Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petrini, J. H. J. (2007) ‘Cell signaling. A touching response to damage’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 1138–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T. and Okazaki, S. (2000) ‘Pushing the limits of lithography’, Nature 406: 1027–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grafton, R. Q., Kompas, T. and Hilborn, R. W. (2007) ‘Economics of overexploitation revisited’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1601.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Crotty, S., Kersh, E. N., Cannons, J., Schwartzberg, P. L. and Ahmed, R. (2003) ‘SAP is required for generating long-term humoral immunity’, Nature 421: 282–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger, L. L. (2006) Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schieferdecker, I. and Hartman, A., eds. (2008) Model Driven Architecture – Foundations and Applications: 4th European Conference, ECMDA-FA 2008, Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Au, L., Jordan, B., Wu, W., Batalin, M. and Kaiser, W. J. (2011) ‘Design of Wireless Health Platforms’, in A. Bonfiglio and D. De Rossi (eds.) Wearable Monitoring Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for History of the Human Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Step Into A Van Gogh With A Virtual Reality Tribute To His Famous Paintings, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwarcz-Besson, P. (2017) ‘The Field in Psychoanalytic Research Methodology’. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001) ‘World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Examining The Kursk’, New York Times, 20 October, page A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petrini, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ito and Okazaki, 2000; Petrini, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito and Okazaki, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Crotty et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHistory of the Human Sciences
AbbreviationHist. Human Sci.
ISSN (print)0952-6951
ISSN (online)1461-720X
History and Philosophy of Science

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