How to format your references using the Hepatology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Haldeman J. Brochure. The apocalypse: a great day out for the whole family. Nature. 2000;405:401.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cohen SM, Brennecke J. Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development. Science. 2006;312:65–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cohen M, Shavit R, Zalevsky Z. Observing optical plasmons on a single nanometer scale. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4096.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brideau NJ, Flores HA, Wang J, Maheshwari S, Wang X, Barbash DA. Two Dobzhansky-Muller genes interact to cause hybrid lethality in Drosophila. Science. 2006;314:1292–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pick JB. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Costa FF, Conran N, editors. Sickle Cell Anemia: From Basic Science to Clinical Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hamid B. A Model-Driven Methodology Approach for Developing a Repository of Models. In: Ait Ameur Y, Bellatreche L, Papadopoulos GA, editors. Model and Data Engineering: 4th International Conference, MEDI 2014, Larnaca, Cyprus, September 24-26, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 29–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology International.

Blog post
1. Taub B. How Unregulated Hunting Almost Wiped Out Amazonian Species [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-unregulated-hunting-almost-wiped-out-amazonian-species/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Impact of FAA Legislation on Passenger Facilities Charges and Trust Fund Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Aug. Report No.: T-RCED-90-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brient R. Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Long After the Departure, One More Cosmic Joke to Tell. New York Times. 2017 Apr 13;C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology International
AbbreviationHepatol. Int.
ISSN (print)1936-0533
ISSN (online)1936-0541
ScopeHepatology

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