How to format your references using the Afrika Matematika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Afrika Matematika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge, V.: 2020 computing: the creativity machine. Nature. 440, 411 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Skourtis, S.S., Beratan, D.N.: Biochemistry. Photosynthesis from the protein’s perspective. Science. 316, 703–704 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Abou Chakra, M., Hilbe, C., Traulsen, A.: Plastic behaviors in hosts promote the emergence of retaliatory parasites. Sci. Rep. 4, 4251 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruiz-Pérez, N.J., Arriaga-Alba, M., Sánchez-Navarrete, J., Camacho-Carranza, R., Hernández-Ojeda, S., Espinosa-Aguirre, J.J.: Mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of Heterotheca inuloides. Sci. Rep. 4, 6743 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bromfield, R.: Doing Therapy with Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Aspin, D.N., Chapman, J.D. eds: Values Education and Lifelong Learning: Principles, Policies, Programmes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Töppe, E., Oswald, M.R., Cremers, D., Rother, C.: Image-Based 3D Modeling via Cheeger Sets. In: Kimmel, R., Klette, R., and Sugimoto, A. (eds.) Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. pp. 53–64. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Afrika Matematika.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Evolutionary Evidence Shows It’s Time to Revise How We Classify Life on Earth


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blankenship, K.: An Analysis of Illinois Public School Funding a Descriptive Comparison of Equity: 2005 v. 2015, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M.: Putting the Passion of Opera Behind Bars, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrika Matematika
AbbreviationAfr. Mat.
ISSN (print)1012-9405
ISSN (online)2190-7668
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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