How to format your references using the Afrika Matematika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Afrika Matematika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kenyon, S.J.: Astronomy: Pluto leads the way in planet formation. Nature. 522, 40–41 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hambourger, M., Moore, T.A.: Chemistry. Nailing down nickel for electrocatalysis. Science. 326, 1355–1356 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor, R.N., Buchwaldt, R., Bowring, S.: A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks. Nature. 495, E1-2 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J.Y., Lee, K., Coates, N.E., Moses, D., Nguyen, T.-Q., Dante, M., Heeger, A.J.: Efficient tandem polymer solar cells fabricated by all-solution processing. Science. 317, 222–225 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, E.: Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Wendler, M., Buecker, B., Tremml, B. eds: Key Aspects of German Business Law: A Practical Manual. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Canuto, C., Tabacco, A.: Limits and continuity II. In: Tabacco, A. (ed.) Mathematical Analysis I. pp. 89–121. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Afrika Matematika.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: 10 Parasites That Could Be Making Your Body Their Home,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Views Differ on Need for Change to Insurance Approach but Clarification Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford, M.J.: Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808), (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Eight Arms To Embrace Your Pair, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrika Matematika
AbbreviationAfr. Mat.
ISSN (print)1012-9405
ISSN (online)2190-7668
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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