How to format your references using the Mathematics-in-Industry Case Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics-in-Industry Case Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen E (2004) Climate policy. An effective approach to climate change. Science 306:816
A journal article with 2 authors
López-Carr D, Marter-Kenyon J (2015) Human adaptation: Manage climate-induced resettlement. Nature 517:265–267
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyazaki T, Sueyoshi K, Hiraga T (2013) Olivine crystals align during diffusion creep of Earth’s upper mantle. Nature 502:321–326
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ablain J, Xu M, Rothschild H, et al (2018) Human tumor genomics and zebrafish modeling identify SPRED1 loss as a driver of mucosal melanoma. Science

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machner H (2005) Einführung in die Kern- und Elementarteilchenphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ito K, Nakano M (2014) International Perspectives on Accounting and Corporate Behavior. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Silverman WK, Pina AA (2008) Psychosocial Treatments for Phobic and Anxiety Disorders in Youth. In: Steele RG, Elkin TD, Roberts MC (eds) Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents: Bridging Science and Practice. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 65–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics-in-Industry Case Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Can Bad Posture Give You A Hunchback? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zolfaghari SS (2015) The relationship between folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 intakes and depression in women who use hormonal oral contraceptives. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) For the First Time, She Hears the Birds Chirp And the Wind Whistle. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics-in-Industry Case Studies
AbbreviationMath. Ind. Case Stud.
ISSN (online)1913-4967

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