How to format your references using the Advances in Water Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Water Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2012. Cognition: The brain’s decline. Nature 492, S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conard, N.J., Bolus, M., 2015. Anthropology. Chronicling modern human’s arrival in Europe. Science 348, 754–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leizerson, I., Lipson, S.G., Lyushnin, A.V., 2003. Wetting properties: When larger drops evaporate faster. Nature 422, 395–396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Neff, U., Burns, S.J., Mangini, A., Mudelsee, M., Fleitmann, D., Matter, A., 2001. Strong coherence between solar variability and the monsoon in Oman between 9 and 6 kyr ago. Nature 411, 290–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast, D.K., 2010. Interior Detailing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Mason, A. (Eds.), 2013. Smart Sensors for Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring, Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tremmel, J.C., Wegner, P., 2010. German Bundestag Survey on Intergenerational Justice in the Labour Market, in: Tremmel, J. (Ed.), A Young Generation Under Pressure?: The Financial Situation and the “Rush Hour” of the Cohorts 1970–1985 in a Generational Comparison. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 77–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Water Resources.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Why Some Geckos Don’t Stick [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Viability Continues to Be Threatened (No. T-RCED-97-80). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R.M., 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. At the Emmys, a Night of Politics and Trump. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2012; Conard and Bolus, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conard and Bolus, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Neff et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Water Resources
AbbreviationAdv. Water Resour.
ISSN (print)0309-1708
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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