How to format your references using the Advances in Water Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Water Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaeberlein, M., 2010. Lessons on longevity from budding yeast. Nature 464, 513–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamber, B.S., Kramers, J.D., 2006. Geochemistry: how well can Pb isotopes date core formation? Nature 444, E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, W.K.W., Harrison, W.G., Head, E.J.H., 2006. Coherent sign switching in multiyear trends of microbial plankton. Science 311, 1157–1160.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiang, K.-C., Tsui, K.-H., Chung, L.-C., Yeh, C.-N., Feng, T.-H., Chen, W.-T., Chang, P.-L., Chiang, H.-Y., Juang, H.-H., 2014. Cisplatin modulates B-cell translocation gene 2 to attenuate cell proliferation of prostate carcinoma cells in both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways. Sci. Rep. 4, 5511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero, C.S., 2010. Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boltz, M., Galvin, J.E. (Eds.), 2016. Dementia Care: An Evidence-Based Approach, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonate, P.L., 2016. Controversies in Oncology: Size Based vs. Fixed Dosing, in: Bonate, P.L., Howard, D.R. (Eds.), Pharmacokinetics in Drug Development: Problems and Challenges in Oncology, Volume 4. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Water Resources.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Immunotherapy: Training The Body To Fight Cancer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Intercity Passenger Rail: Decisions on the Future of Amtrak and Intercity Passenger Rail Are Approaching (No. T-RCED-00-277). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, X., 2006. Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Supreme Court to Weigh Award in a Smoker’s Death. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaeberlein, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kaeberlein, 2010; Kamber and Kramers, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamber and Kramers, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Water Resources
AbbreviationAdv. Water Resour.
ISSN (print)0309-1708
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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