How to format your references using the Advances in Water Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Water Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchner, J.W., 2002. Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature 415, 65–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotomayor, M., Schulten, K., 2007. Single-molecule experiments in vitro and in silico. Science 316, 1144–1148.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, G., Tang, H.X., Schroers, J., 2009. Nanomoulding with amorphous metals. Nature 457, 868–872.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hood, L., Heath, J.R., Phelps, M.E., Lin, B., 2004. Systems biology and new technologies enable predictive and preventative medicine. Science 306, 640–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G., 2013. Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Pawankar, R., Holgate, S.T., Rosenwasser, L.J. (Eds.), 2009. Allergy Frontiers: Diagnosis and Health Economics, Allergy Frontiers. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Mubayi, D., Verstraëte, J., 2016. A survey of Turán problems for expansions, in: Beveridge, A., Griggs, J.R., Hogben, L., Musiker, G., Tetali, P. (Eds.), Recent Trends in Combinatorics, The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 117–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Water Resources.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. NASA To Test Mars Radiation Shield On Its Mission Around the Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-28(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunt, E., 2010. The saxophone works of Karlheinz Stockhausen (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., Maheshwari, S., 2017. With a ‘Roseanne’ Revival and the Backstreet Boys, ABC Mines the Past. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchner, 2002; Sotomayor and Schulten, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sotomayor and Schulten, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Water Resources
AbbreviationAdv. Water Resour.
ISSN (print)0309-1708
ScopeWater Science and Technology

Other styles