How to format your references using the Advances in Water Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Water Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery, E., 2001. A year of opportunity. Nature 410, 867–868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., Duncan, J.H., 2003. The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature 421, 520–523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regan, C.K., Craig, S.L., Brauman, J.I., 2002. Steric effects and solvent effects in ionic reactions. Science 295, 2245–2247.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schafer, Z.T., Grassian, A.R., Song, L., Jiang, Z., Gerhart-Hines, Z., Irie, H.Y., Gao, S., Puigserver, P., Brugge, J.S., 2009. Antioxidant and oncogene rescue of metabolic defects caused by loss of matrix attachment. Nature 461, 109–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boeker, E., Van Grondelle, R., 2011. Environmental Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lyte, M. (Ed.), 2016. Microbial Endocrinology: Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health, 2nd ed. 2016. ed, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nenycz-Thiel, M., Romaniuk, J., 2015. Buying of Private Labels Across Categories: How Far Is too far?, in: Martínez-López, F.J., Gázquez-Abad, J.C., Sethuraman, R. (Eds.), Advances in National Brand and Private Label Marketing: Second International Conference, 2015, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Water Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New And Inexpensive Material Captures Oil But Lets Water Through [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. VHA’s Management Improvement Initiative (No. HEHS-96-191R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elder, R., 2015. A Mixed-Method Investigation of the Missouri Pre-Service Teacher Assessment Pilot Program at a Private Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, M., 2017. Israeli Street Food in an English Kitchen. New York Times TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Duncan, 2003; Rubery, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Duncan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schafer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Water Resources
AbbreviationAdv. Water Resour.
ISSN (print)0309-1708
ScopeWater Science and Technology

Other styles