How to format your references using the Applied Health Economics and Health Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Parsch J. Evolution. The cost of being male. Science. 2011;332:798–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zaki N, Mora A. A comparative analysis of computational approaches and algorithms for protein subcomplex identification. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4262.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Krüger M, Schenk M, Hommelhoff P. Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip. Nature. 2011;475:78–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Silverstein SC, Dubner J, Miller J, Glied S, Loike JD. Teachers’ participation in research programs improves their students’ achievement in science. Science. 2009;326:440–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chadwick P. Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Baek J, Bao F, Chen K, Lai X, editors. Provable Security: Second International Conference, ProvSec 2008, Shanghai, China, October 30 - November 1, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gourley SA, Liu R, Wu J. Spatiotemporal Patterns of Disease Spread: Interaction of Physiological Structure, Spatial Movements, Disease Progression and Human Intervention. In: Magal P, Ruan S, editors. Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 165–208.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Housing The Dead: What Happens When A City Runs Out Of Space? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/housing-the-dead-what-happens-when-a-city-runs-out-of-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. “Spaces,” “Faces,” and “Bucks”: An Overview of the Role of Automated Information Systems in Managing the Enlisted Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 May. Report No.: 127325.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Abraham SR. Using Self-Monitoring and Goal Setting to Increase Swimming in Adults [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Croissants and Buttery Bliss. New York Times. 2009 Jun 7;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Health Economics and Health Policy
AbbreviationAppl. Health Econ. Health Policy
ISSN (print)1175-5652
ISSN (online)1179-1896
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
General Medicine
Health Policy

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