How to format your references using the Applied Health Economics and Health Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Greene B. Q&A: Brian Greene on music and string theory. Nature. 2010;465:426.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gann A, Witkowski J. The lost correspondence of Francis Crick. Nature. 2010;467:519–24.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Panáková D, Werdich AA, Macrae CA. Wnt11 patterns a myocardial electrical gradient through regulation of the L-type Ca(2+) channel. Nature. 2010;466:874–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fouchier R, Kuiken T, Rimmelzwaan G, Osterhaus A. Global task force for influenza. Nature. 2005;435:419–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dos Santos EC Jr, Cabral da Silva ER. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Mehler A. Aspects of Automatic Text Analysis. Köhler R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aydin CE. Survey Methods for Assessing Social Impacts of Computers in Healthcare Organizations. In: Anderson JG, Aydin CE, editors. Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2005. p. 75–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. The Mystery Of Knut The Polar Bear’s Death May Have Been Solved [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/mystery-knut-polar-bears-death-solved/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Inadequacies in Data Processing Planning in the Department of the Interior. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jun. Report No.: FGMSD-78-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Martinez C. An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. In Short: Fiction. New York Times. 1989 Dec 31;712.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Health Economics and Health Policy
AbbreviationAppl. Health Econ. Health Policy
ISSN (print)1175-5652
ISSN (online)1179-1896
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
General Medicine
Health Policy

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