How to format your references using the Applied Health Economics and Health Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Campbell CT. Surface science. Waltzing with O2. Science. 2003;299:357.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wuchty S, Uetz P. Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pickrell JK, Gilad Y, Pritchard JK. Comment on “Widespread RNA and DNA sequence differences in the human transcriptome.” Science. 2012;335:1302; author reply 1302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McEvilly RJ, de Diaz MO, Schonemann MD, Hooshmand F, Rosenfeld MG. Transcriptional regulation of cortical neuron migration by POU domain factors. Science. 2002;295:1528–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rankin J. Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Al-Majeed SS, Hu C-L, Nagamalai D, editors. Advances in Wireless, Mobile Networks and Applications: International Conferences, WiMoA 2011 and ICCSEA 2011, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, May 25-27, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Insall M, Loeb PA, Marciniak MA. General and End Compactifications. In: Loeb PA, Wolff MPH, editors. Nonstandard Analysis for the Working Mathematician. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 165–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.

Blog post
1. Evans K. This Startup Cleans Up Algae From Infested Lakes And Uses It To Make Shoes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/this-startup-cleans-up-algae-from-infested-lakes-and-uses-it-to-make-shoes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. GAO’s Work Relating to the Job Training Partnership Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 May. Report No.: 126832.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dooling SM. Like A Unicorn in Captivity [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Overturn $79.5 Million in Punitive Damages Against Philip Morris. New York Times. 2007 Feb 21;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Health Economics and Health Policy
AbbreviationAppl. Health Econ. Health Policy
ISSN (print)1175-5652
ISSN (online)1179-1896
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
General Medicine
Health Policy

Other styles