How to format your references using the Granular Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Granular Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNutt MK (2006) Geophysics. Another nail in the plume coffin? Science 313:1394–1395
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerszten RE, Wang TJ (2008) The search for new cardiovascular biomarkers. Nature 451:949–952
A journal article with 3 authors
Li X, Schuler MA, Berenbaum MR (2002) Jasmonate and salicylate induce expression of herbivore cytochrome P450 genes. Nature 419:712–715
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dean C, Leakey MG, Reid D, et al (2001) Growth processes in teeth distinguish modern humans from Homo erectus and earlier hominins. Nature 414:628–631

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla R (2014) Introduction to Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hollo EJ, Kulovesi K, Mehling M (eds) (2013) Climate Change and the Law. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
ter Haar Romeny BM (2014) A Geometric Model for the Functional Circuits of the Visual Front-End. In: Grandinetti L, Lippert T, Petkov N (eds) Brain-Inspired Computing: International Workshop, BrainComp 2013, Cetraro, Italy, July 8-11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Granular Computing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Hot Weather And CO2 Made The Tropics A No-Go Zone For Early Plant-Eating Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hot-weather-and-co2-made-tropics-no-go-zone-early-plant-eating-dinosaurs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Majority of Broadcasters Are Prepared for the DTV Transition, but Some Technical and Coordination Issues Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK (2012) Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Campaign Memo; Democrat’s Road Tour: Selling the Ticket Retail. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNutt 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McNutt 2006; Gerszten and Wang 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerszten and Wang 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dean et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGranular Computing
AbbreviationGranul. Comput.
ISSN (print)2364-4966
ISSN (online)2364-4974
Scope

Other styles