How to format your references using the Government Information Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Government Information Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Douglas, T. (2003). Materials science. A bright bio-inspired future. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1192–1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward, W. R., & Canup, R. M. (2006). Forced resonant migration of Pluto’s outer satellites by Charon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1107–1109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nader, K., Schafe, G. E., & Le Doux, J. E. (2000). Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for reconsolidation after retrieval. Nature, 406(6797), 722–726.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Russell, A. F., Langmore, N. E., Cockburn, A., Astheimer, L. B., & Kilner, R. M. (2007). Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 941–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada, J. W. (2014). The Essential Manager. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iskander, M. (Ed.). (2008). Innovative Techniques in Instruction Technology, E-learning, E-assessment, and Education. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai, S.-G., Ouahsine, A., & Sergent, P. (2016). Modelling Wave Energy Conversion of a Semi-submerged Heaving Cylinder. In A. Ibrahimbegovic (Ed.), Computational Methods for Solids and Fluids: Multiscale Analysis, Probability Aspects and Model Reduction (pp. 67–79). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Government Information Quarterly.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 14). Does The Length Of Your Fingers Really Reveal How Good Your Directional Sense Is? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Space Shuttle Accident: NASA’s Actions To Address the Presidential Commission Report (NSIAD-88-30BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, A. J. (2012). History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 3). A Sport Fails in the Most Important Category: Integrity. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Douglas, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Douglas, 2003; Ward & Canup, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ward & Canup, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Nader et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Russell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGovernment Information Quarterly
AbbreviationGov. Inf. Q.
ISSN (print)0740-624X
Library and Information Sciences
Sociology and Political Science

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