How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, Daniel. 2003. Geomorphology. On patterned ground. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5605). 354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Polyak, Kornelia & Andriy Marusyk. 2014. Cancer: Clonal cooperation. Nature 508(7494). 52–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, Xiaoge, Yousheng Xu & Shun-Ichiro Karato. 2005. Water content in the transition zone from electrical conductivity of wadsleyite and ringwoodite. Nature 434(7034). 746–749.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kmita, Marie, Nadine Fraudeau, Yann Hérault & Denis Duboule. 2002. Serial deletions and duplications suggest a mechanism for the collinearity of Hoxd genes in limbs. Nature 420(6912). 145–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimitriadis, Grigorios. 2017. Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bahat, Dov. 2005. Tensile Fracturing in Rocks: Tectonofractographic and Electromagnetic Radiation Methods. (A. Rabinovitch & V. Frid, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben, Teng & Shilun Qiu. 2014. Carbon Dioxide Capture in Porous Aromatic Frameworks. In An-Hui Lu & Sheng Dai (eds.), Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture, 115–142. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016, May 24. Watch These Droplets Of Water Get Blown Up By A Laser. ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Student Mentoring Programs: Education’s Monitoring and Information Sharing Could Be Improved (No. GAO-04-581). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbets, Jeffrey B. 2017. Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory. Washington, DC: George Washington University dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2017, August 31. Car Insurers Facing Rush Of Claims After Storm. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mann 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mann 2003; Polyak & Marusyk 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polyak & Marusyk 2014)
  • Three authors: (Huang, Xu & Karato 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kmita et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles