How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kivelson, Margaret Galland. 2006. Does Enceladus govern magnetospheric dynamics at Saturn? Science (New York, N.Y.) 311(5766). 1391–1392.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menon, Suchithra & Brendan D. Manning. 2013. Cell signalling: nutrient sensing lost in cancer. Nature 498(7455). 444–445.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., R. Langston & R.G.M. Morris. 2003. Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature 424(6945). 205–209.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reiling, Erwin, Ewoud N. Speksnijder, Amanda C.M. Pronk, Sjoerd A.A. van den Berg, Silvia J.W. Neggers, Ilma Rietbroek, … Martijn E.T. Dollé. 2014. Human TP53 polymorphism (rs1042522) modelled in mouse does not affect glucose metabolism and body composition. Scientific Reports 4. 4091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, James G. 2005. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gdoutos, E.E. (ed.). 2006. Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures: Proceedings of the 16th European Conference of Fracture, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 3–7, 2006. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, Johan & Sergei Silvestrov. 2016. Computing Burchnall–Chaundy Polynomials with Determinants. In Sergei Silvestrov & Milica Rančić (eds.), Engineering Mathematics II: Algebraic, Stochastic and Analysis Structures for Networks, Data Classification and Optimization, 57–63. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014, December 31. Europa’s Geysers Are Still Missing. ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning (No. LCD-79-215). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, Rehana Anzai. 2010. Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006, August 12. On the Home Lawn, Where Alligators Roam. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kivelson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kivelson 2006; Menon & Manning 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menon & Manning 2013)
  • Three authors: (Day, Langston & Morris 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Reiling et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles