How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fine, Ione. 2014. Sensory systems: Do you hear what I see? Nature 508(7497). 461–462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rensberger, J.M. & M. Watabe. 2000. Fine structure of bone in dinosaurs, birds and mammals. Nature 406(6796). 619–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, Yanzhong, Zhiyong Wang & Xianbo Jin. 2013. Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Scientific Reports 3. 3439.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Jianming, Francisco J. Adrián, Wolfgang Jahnke, Sandra W. Cowan-Jacob, Allen G. Li, Roxana E. Iacob, … Nathanael S. Gray. 2010. Targeting Bcr-Abl by combining allosteric with ATP-binding-site inhibitors. Nature 463(7280). 501–506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Menk, Frederick W. & Colin L. Waters. 2013. Magnetoseismology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Prisco, Roberto De & Moti Yung (eds.). 2006. Security and Cryptography for Networks: 5th International Conference, SCN 2006, Maiori, Italy, September 6-8, 2006. Proceedings Vol. 4116. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lauritzen, Thomas Z., Jordan Harris, Saddek Mohand-Said, Jose A. Sahel, Jessy D. Dorn, Kelly McClure & Robert J. Greenberg. 2014. Reading Visual Braille with a Retinal Prosthesis. In Christoph Guger, Brendan Allison, & E. C. Leuthardt (eds.), Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary -2, 29–39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015, October 21. Could Tooth Regeneration Be Possible In Humans One Day? ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Weather: Services at Key Aviation Facilities Lack Performance Measures, but Improvement Efforts Are Under Way (No. GAO-08-491T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard, Kymberly. 2017. College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars. Washington, DC: George Washington University dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2007, December 22. A Tortured Voice of a Lost Russian Generation. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fine 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rensberger & Watabe 2000; Fine 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rensberger & Watabe 2000)
  • Three authors: (Hong, Wang & Jin 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles