How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Insel, Thomas R. 2007. Neuroscience. Shining light on depression. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5839). 757–758.
A journal article with 2 authors
Landskron, Kai & Geoffrey A. Ozin. 2004. Periodic mesoporous dendrisilicas. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5701). 1529–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
De’ath, Glenn, Janice M. Lough & Katharina E. Fabricius. 2009. Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5910). 116–119.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stevens, Carly J., Nancy B. Dise, J. Owen Mountford & David J. Gowing. 2004. Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303(5665). 1876–1879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters, Mark, David Glasser, Diane Hildebrandt & Shehzaad Kauchali. 2011. Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leonard, Timothy & Peter Willis (eds.). 2008. Pedagogies of the Imagination: Mythopoetic Curriculum in Educational Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
De Petro, Paola, Bruno Battiston, Renato Matteotti, Marco Petraz, Daniele Molino & Riccardo Mattu. 2016. Gomito. In Carlo Faletti (ed.), Traumatologia scheletrica: Imaging integrato clinico-radiologico, 99–147. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015, March 1. Scientists Find Direct Evidence That Atmospheric CO2 Heats Earth’s Crust. ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Information on the Energy Information Administration’s Financial Reporting System (No. RCED-85-51). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shan, Jia. 2014. A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lovett, Ian & Adam Nagourney. 2014, May 24. Deadly Rampage in College Town After Video Rant. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Insel 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Landskron & Ozin 2004; Insel 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Landskron & Ozin 2004)
  • Three authors: (De’ath, Lough & Fabricius 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stevens et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles