How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, Ralph F. 2007. Atmosphere. Deglaciation mysteries. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5830). 1440–1441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Taia T. & Palese, Peter. 2011. Biochemistry. Catching a moving target. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6044). 834–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn, J.R. & Emilio, M. & Bush, R. 2009. Comment on ‘A large excess in apparent solar oblateness due to surface magnetism’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5931). 1143; author reply 1143.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Larmagnac, Alexandre & Eggenberger, Samuel & Janossy, Hanna & Vörös, Janos. 2014. Stretchable electronics based on Ag-PDMS composites. Scientific Reports 4. 7254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building. 2016. Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Surbone, Antonella & Zwitter, Matjaž & Rajer, Mirjana & Stiefel, Richard (eds.). 2013. New Challenges in Communication with Cancer Patients. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Piechurska-Kuciel, Ewa. 2016. Polish Adolescents’ Perceptions of English and Their Desire to Learn It. In Dagmara Gałajda & Paweł Zakrajewski & Mirosław Pawlak (eds.), Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker, 37–52. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016, October 21. Global Wine Production Is Collapsing Thanks To Climate Change. ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain (No. GAO-02-735). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCourt, Susan Bergles. 2008. A phenomenological study of anticipated housing, healthcare, and biopsychosocial needs of aging female baby boomers. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017, July 31. Misty Copeland Named A Face of Estée Lauder. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling 2007; Wang & Palese 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Palese 2011)
  • Three authors: (Kuhn & Emilio & Bush 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Larmagnac et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles