How to format your references using the Glossa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glossa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siomi, Mikiko C. 2009. Journal club. A biologist praises a mouse model of autism inheritance. Nature 461(7263). 451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau, Robert M. & Aurélie Guilhem. 2009. Nonvolcanic tremor evolution and the San Simeon and Parkfield, California, earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5937). 191–193.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Heuvel, Martin G.L., Martijn P. de Graaff & Cees Dekker. 2006. Molecular sorting by electrical steering of microtubules in kinesin-coated channels. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5775). 910–914.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
White, Martin A., John K. Eykelenboom, Manuel A. Lopez-Vernaza, Emily Wilson & David R.F. Leach. 2008. Non-random segregation of sister chromosomes in Escherichia coli. Nature 455(7217). 1248–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer, Walter. 2012. Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Oudkerk, Matthijs & Maximilian F. Reiser (eds.). 2009. Coronary Radiology 2nd Revised Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Babé, Aurélie, Diane Labbé, Frédéric Monot, Charles W. Greer & Françoise Fayolle-Guichard. 2007. Biodegradability of Oxygenates by Microflora from MTBE-Contaminated Sites: New Molecular Tools. In Damià Barceló (ed.), Fuel Oxygenates, 75–98. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glossa.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014, May 11. How To Build A Smartphone Microscope Stand for $10. ( (Accessed 2018-10-30)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Schedule Delays and Cost Overruns Plague DOD Automated Information Systems (No. T-IMTEC-89-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer, Alex Joseph. 2013. Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2012, July 13. Bankruptcy In California Is Not Seen As a Trend. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siomi 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nadeau & Guilhem 2009; Siomi 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nadeau & Guilhem 2009)
  • Three authors: (van den Heuvel, de Graaff & Dekker 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (White et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlossa
ISSN (online)2397-1835

Other styles