How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E., 2008: Almost in bloom. Nature, 452, 122–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zamore, P. D., and B. Haley, 2005: Ribo-gnome: the big world of small RNAs. Science, 309, 1519–1524.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hicks, W. M., M. Kim, and J. E. Haber, 2010: Increased mutagenesis and unique mutation signature associated with mitotic gene conversion. Science, 329, 82–85.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Polynkin, P., M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, 2009: Curved plasma channel generation using ultraintense Airy beams. Science, 324, 229–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H. S. L. C., 2012: Performance Based Building Design 2. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,.
An edited book
Zhang, L., and M. Chan, eds., 2016: Tunneling Field Effect Transistor Technology. Springer International Publishing, IX, 213 p. 147 illus., 122 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Massey, S., and S. Quirk, 2009: At the Telescope. Deep-Sky Video Astronomy, S. Massey, Ed., Patrick Moore’s Practical Astronomy Series, Springer, 47–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: What It’s Like To Be A Woman Working In Science, And How To Make It Better. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973: Payments by DOD for Contractors’ Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hurwitz, B. L., 2012: Viral community dynamics and functional specialization in the Pacific Ocean. University of Arizona, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001: Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times, November 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Marris 2008; Zamore and Haley 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zamore and Haley 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Polynkin et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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