How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lohmann, K. J., 2010: Q&A: Animal behaviour: Magnetic-field perception. Nature, 464, 1140–1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin, M., and J. Scott, 2011: Carbon trading needs a multi-level approach. Nature, 475, 445–447.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, L., S. Spasojevic, and M. Gurnis, 2008: Reconstructing Farallon plate subduction beneath North America back to the Late Cretaceous. Science, 322, 934–938.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Kerschensteiner, D., J. L. Morgan, E. D. Parker, R. M. Lewis, and R. O. L. Wong, 2009: Neurotransmission selectively regulates synapse formation in parallel circuits in vivo. Nature, 460, 1016–1020.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fanchi, J. R., 2006: Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Slee, P. T., 2016: Well-Being, Positive Peer Relations and Bullying in School Settings. G. Skrzypiec, Ed. Springer International Publishing, VIII, 213 p. 23 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Krzyścin, J. W., and Coauthors, 2014: Half Century of the Ozone Observations at the Central Geophysical Observatory, IGF PAS, Belsk, Poland. Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, R. Bialik, M. Majdański, and M. Moskalik, Eds., GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Springer International Publishing, 85–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: Global Report Shows How To Beat The World’s Biggest Killers. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974: Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ford, V. F., 2012: An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area. George Washington University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hahamovitch, C., 2013: The Lessons of Belle Glade. New York Times, July 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lohmann 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lohmann 2010; Maslin and Scott 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maslin and Scott 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kerschensteiner et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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