How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaas, J., 2009: Atmosphere. Smoke and climate change. Science, 325, 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Young, R., and J. J. Gill, 2015: MICROBIOLOGY. Phage therapy redux--What is to be done? Science, 350, 1163–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seymour, R. S., C. R. White, and M. Gibernau, 2003: Environmental biology: heat reward for insect pollinators. Nature, 426, 243–244.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Schiller, J., G. Major, H. J. Koester, and Y. Schiller, 2000: NMDA spikes in basal dendrites of cortical pyramidal neurons. Nature, 404, 285–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summers, N., 2010: Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Parsons, S., N. Maudet, P. Moraitis, and I. Rahwan, eds., 2006: Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: Second International Workshop, ArgMAS 2005 Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 26, 2005 Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, XIV, 313 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J., H. Huang, and R. Zuo, 2016: Report on the Institutional Reform of China’s Special Economic Zones. Annual Report on the Development of China’s Special Economic Zones (2016): Blue Book of China’s Special Economic Zones, Y. Tao and Y. Yuan, Eds., Current Chinese Economic Report Series, Springer, 121–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017: Scientists Hope Study Will Make Tomatoes Great Again. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016: Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA’s Oversight of Safety Defects. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M. K., 2012: A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district. Pepperdine University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017: Film Series. New York Times, July 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quaas 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Quaas 2009; Young and Gill 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Young and Gill 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Schiller et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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