How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Drell, S. D., 2007: Obituary: Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky (1919-2007). Nature, 450, 182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reppert, S. M., and D. R. Weaver, 2002: Coordination of circadian timing in mammals. Nature, 418, 935–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adams, E. J., Y.-H. Chien, and K. C. Garcia, 2005: Structure of a gammadelta T cell receptor in complex with the nonclassical MHC T22. Science, 308, 227–231.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Li, J., G. Wang, H. Zhu, M. Zhang, X. Zheng, Z. Di, X. Liu, and X. Wang, 2014: Antibacterial activity of large-area monolayer graphene film manipulated by charge transfer. Sci. Rep., 4, 4359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ham, B. M., 2011: Proteomics of Biological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Wheeler, D. L., and Y. Yarden, eds., 2015: Receptor Tyrosine Kinases: Structure, Functions and Role in Human Disease. Springer, XVII, 440 p. 56 illus., 51 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, J. C., 2014: Cancer Patients and Skin Disease. Skin Diseases in the Immunocompromised, J.C. Hall, Ed., Springer, 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: There Is Water On Mars, But What Does This Mean For Life? IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988: Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maafi, N., 2017: Assessment of Volatile Metabolites for In Situ Detection of Fungal Decay of Wood. Mississippi State University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lear, S., 2010: Mirror, Mirror. New York Times, October 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Drell 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Drell 2007; Reppert and Weaver 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reppert and Weaver 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles