How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, D. C., 2001: Marine biology. Expansion of the marine Archaea. Science, 293, 56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Serebrov, V., and A. M. Pyle, 2004: Periodic cycles of RNA unwinding and pausing by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Nature, 430, 476–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti, H., P. Claudin, and B. Andreotti, 2005: Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes. Nature, 437, 720–723.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Stupack, D. G., T. Teitz, M. D. Potter, D. Mikolon, P. J. Houghton, V. J. Kidd, J. M. Lahti, and D. A. Cheresh, 2006: Potentiation of neuroblastoma metastasis by loss of caspase-8. Nature, 439, 95–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari, S. K., 2005: Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG,.
An edited book
Maziero, C. A., J. Gabriel Silva, A. M. S. Andrade, and F. M. de Assis Silva, eds., 2005: Dependable Computing: Second Latin-American Symposium, LADC 2005, Salvador, Brazil, October 25-28, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XV, 267 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsao, Y.-S., A. A. Merchant, A. Meyer, Z. Liu, M. Smith, D. Levitan, and E. Gustafson, 2010: Integrated Pathway Analysis of Genome-Wide Expression Changes Associated with Serum-Free Suspension Adaptation of an Antibody-Producing Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) Cell Line. Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects: Proceedings of the 21st Annual and International Meeting of the Japanese Association for Animal Cell Technology (JAACT), Fukuoka, Japan, November 24-27, 2008, M. Kamihira, Y. Katakura, and A. Ito, Eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015: Large Study Concludes Homeopathy Does Not Effectively Treat Any Health Condition. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999: Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service Quality, and Barriers to Entry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivera, A., 2010: A post analysis of an advanced access appointment model. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hayes, S. by T., 2017: The Chess Set on a Table Between Two Chairs. New York Times, July 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2001; Serebrov and Pyle 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Serebrov and Pyle 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Stupack et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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