How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pickup, D. J., 2010: Cell biology. Propelling progeny. Science, 327, 787–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maizels, R. M., and W. C. Gause, 2014: Immunology. How helminths go viral. Science, 345, 517–518.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., B. Cong, and D. Ye, 2000: The possible subduction of continental material to depths greater than 200 km. Nature, 407, 734–736.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Urani, A., R. Tan, R. Rubele, and D. Mietchen, 2004: Scientists and societies: giving young European students a voice. Nature, 427, 378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson Jr. MD, W. H., and J. H. Moller MD, 2014: Pediatric Cardiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Bakker, C., and N. M. Montessori, eds., 2016: Complexity in Education: From Horror to Passion. SensePublishers, XII, 298 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, H., Q.-X. Wang, and Y.-Y. Cheng, 2013: The 1st August 2010 Solar Storm Effects on the Ionosphere in the Yangtze River Delta Region Based on Ground and Space GPS Technology. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2013 Proceedings: BeiDou/GNSS Navigation Applications • Test & Assessment Technology • User Terminal Technology, J. Sun, W. Jiao, H. Wu, and C. Shi, Eds., Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Springer, 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015: Outer Envelope of Flu Virus Simulated for the First Time. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016: IT Dashboard: Agencies Need to Fully Consider Risks When Rating Their Major Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blankenship, K., 2017: An Analysis of Illinois Public School Funding a Descriptive Comparison of Equity: 2005 v. 2015. Southern Illinois University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., 2011: Robert A. Pritzker, 85; Led Family Business. New York Times, October 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pickup 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Pickup 2010; Maizels and Gause 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maizels and Gause 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Urani et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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