How to format your references using the Monthly Weather Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monthly Weather Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lidin, S., 2014: Imaging techniques. Mapping bond orientations with polarized x-rays. Science, 344, 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, H., and A. S. Tucker, 2013: Dual origin of the epithelium of the mammalian middle ear. Science, 339, 1453–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., G. W. Tyson, and E. F. DeLong, 2009: Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column. Nature, 459, 266–269.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Marti, M., R. T. Good, M. Rug, E. Knuepfer, and A. F. Cowman, 2004: Targeting malaria virulence and remodeling proteins to the host erythrocyte. Science, 306, 1930–1933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rajagopal, R., 2014: Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Gruber, C. W., M. G. Clark, S. H. Klempe, and J. Valsiner, eds., 2015: Constraints of Agency: Explorations of Theory in Everyday Life. Springer International Publishing, XV, 276 p. 16 illus., 10 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Maskat, R., N. W. Paton, and S. M. Embury, 2012: Pay-as-You-Go Ranking of Schema Mappings Using Query Logs. Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 8th International Conference, DILS 2012, College Park, MD, USA, June 28-29, 2012. Proceedings, O. Bodenreider and B. Rance, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monthly Weather Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015: Essential Bacteria Isn’t Coding. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998: Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony). U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malherek, M. N., 2016: The Prevalence and Predictors of Parental Corporal Punishment in the United States. Southern Illinois University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006: QUICK BITE/Wharton; No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times, August 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lidin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lidin 2014; Thompson and Tucker 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Tucker 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Marti et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonthly Weather Review
AbbreviationMon. Weather Rev.
ISSN (print)0027-0644
ISSN (online)1520-0493
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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