How to format your references using the GLIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GLIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Golombek MP. 2003. Planetary science. The surface of Mars: not just dust and rocks. Science 300:2043–2044.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruse E, Agol E. 2014. KOI-3278: a self-lensing binary star system. Science 344:275–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holt LJ, Krutchinsky AN, Morgan DO. 2008. Positive feedback sharpens the anaphase switch. Nature 454:353–357.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lu X, Tang L, Li K, Zheng J, Zhao P, Tao Y, Li L-X. 2014. Contribution of NKX2-3 polymorphisms to inflammatory bowel diseases: a meta-analysis of 35358 subjects. Sci Rep 4:3924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hurst K. 2008. Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Tytler R, Prain V, Hubber P, Waldrip B eds. 2013. Constructing Representations to Learn in Science. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes M, Herrick AL. 2014. Nailfold Capillaroscopy. In: Mayes MD, editor. A Visual Guide to Scleroderma and Approach to Treatment. New York, NY: Springer. p 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GLIA.

Blog post
Hale T. 2015. Neil deGrasse Explains How Batman Could Defeat Superman. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. DOD Education Benefits: Increased Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller A. 2017. Group Mentoring Program to Empower Transitional-Aged Youth: A Grant Proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. 2017. A Prolific Architect’s Groundbreaking Roots. New York Times:TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Golombek, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Golombek, 2003; Kruse and Agol, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kruse and Agol, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGLIA
ISSN (print)0894-1491
ISSN (online)1098-1136
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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