How to format your references using the GLIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GLIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hallett M. 2000. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain. Nature 406:147–150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freckleton RP, Sutherland WJ. 2001. Hospital waiting-lists. Do power laws imply self-regulation? Nature 413:382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Letinic K, Zoncu R, Rakic P. 2002. Origin of GABAergic neurons in the human neocortex. Nature 417:645–649.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Park PW, Pier GB, Hinkes MT, Bernfield M. 2001. Exploitation of syndecan-1 shedding by Pseudomonas aeruginosa enhances virulence. Nature 411:98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann K, Kempthorne O. 2005. Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kakaç S, Kosoy B, Li D, Pramuanjaroenkij A eds. 2010. Microfluidics Based Microsystems: Fundamentals and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Matthews RW, Matthews JR. 2010. Foraging and Feeding. In: Matthews JR, editor. Insect Behavior: 2nd Edition. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. p 131–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GLIA.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. After Rosetta, Japanese Mission Aims For An Asteroid In Search of Origins of Earth’s Water. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pahuja S. 2013. Bandwidth feedback effects on retained movements in young and old adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2006. justices reject campaign limits in vermont case. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hallett, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hallett, 2000; Freckleton and Sutherland, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freckleton and Sutherland, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGLIA
ISSN (print)0894-1491
ISSN (online)1098-1136
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles