How to format your references using the GLIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GLIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parton RG. 2001. Cell biology. Life without caveolae. Science 293:2404–2405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zitvogel L, Kroemer G. 2015. CANCER. A p53-regulated immune checkpoint relevant to cancer. Science 349:476–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halazonetis TD, Gorgoulis VG, Bartek J. 2008. An oncogene-induced DNA damage model for cancer development. Science 319:1352–1355.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tang ZK, Zhang L, Wang N, Zhang XX, Wen GH, Li GD, Wang JN, Chan CT, Sheng P. 2001. Superconductivity in 4 angstrom single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science 292:2462–2465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW. 2010. Top Hat. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Villani E. 2007. Modelling and Analysis of Hybrid Supervisory Systems: A Petri Net Approach. (Miyagi PE, Valette R, editors.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cliffe O, De Vos M, Padget J. 2007. Answer Set Programming for Representing and Reasoning About Virtual Institutions. In: Inoue K, Satoh K, Toni F, editors. Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 7th International Workshop, CLIMA VII, Hakodate, Japan, May 8-9, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p 60–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GLIA.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016. Newly Discovered Species Of Extinct Dog Roamed North America 12 Million Years Ago. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Student Financial Aid: Use of Middleware for Systems Integration Holds Promise. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pee G-Y. 2008. Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel E, Koblin J. 2017. Lawyer Says Fox News Is Under Investigation. New York Times:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parton, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Parton, 2001; Zitvogel and Kroemer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zitvogel and Kroemer, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGLIA
ISSN (print)0894-1491
ISSN (online)1098-1136
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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