How to format your references using the GLIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GLIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer R. 2011. Drugs: Lines of defence. Nature 480:S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tonkin LA, Bass BL. 2003. Mutations in RNAi rescue aberrant chemotaxis of ADAR mutants. Science 302:1725.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trautt ZT, Upmanyu M, Karma A. 2006. Interface mobility from interface random walk. Science 314:632–635.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Greiner M, Mandel O, Esslinger T, Hänsch TW, Bloch I. 2002. Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms. Nature 415:39–44.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou C. 2013. Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Hublin J-J, Richards MP eds. 2009. The Evolution of Hominin Diets: Integrating Approaches to the Study of Palaeolithic Subsistence. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Weeks TL, Pasupathi M. 2010. Autonomy, Identity, and Narrative Construction with Parents and Friends. In: McLean KC, Pasupathi M, editors. Narrative Development in Adolescence: Creating the Storied Self. Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development. Boston, MA: Springer US. p 65–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GLIA.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. NASA Solves The Andromeda X-Ray Mystery. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Information Technology Management: Social Security Administration Practices Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roache RS. 2015. Missouri Public School Teachers’ Perception of Tenure.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. 2017. Jurors See Key Evidence in Chelsea Bombing: Articles on How to Build Bombs. New York Times:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tonkin and Bass, 2003; Palmer, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tonkin and Bass, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Greiner et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGLIA
ISSN (print)0894-1491
ISSN (online)1098-1136
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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