How to format your references using the Body Image citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body Image. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempermann, G. (2013). Neuroscience. What the bomb said about the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6137), 1180–1181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raser, J. M., & O’Shea, E. K. (2004). Control of stochasticity in eukaryotic gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1811–1814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer, S., Bartel, R., & Han, B. A. (2011). Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6015), 296–302.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wardemann, H., Yurasov, S., Schaefer, A., Young, J. W., Meffre, E., & Nussenzweig, M. C. (2003). Predominant autoantibody production by early human B cell precursors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1374–1377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossiter, A. (2008). Professional Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chibbaro, S., & Minier, J. P. (Eds.). (2014). Stochastic Methods in Fluid Mechanics (1st ed., Vol. 548). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, K. N., Machado, E. C., Machado, W., Bellido, L. F., Bellido, A. V. B., & Lopes, R. T. (2015). Radiotracers as a Tool to Elucidate Trace Element Behaviour in the Water–Sediment Interface. In C. Walther & D. K. Gupta (Eds.), Radionuclides in the Environment: Influence of chemical speciation and plant uptake on radionuclide migration (pp. 101–113). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body Image.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 17). Life’s Building Blocks May Have Arisen Simultaneously. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Issues Related to an Independent FAA (T-RCED-88-45). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, E. D. (2010). Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, March 3). Yes, Luis Castillo Is Still With the Mets. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kempermann, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kempermann, 2013; Raser & O’Shea, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raser & O’Shea, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Altizer et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wardemann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody Image
AbbreviationBody Image
ISSN (print)1740-1445
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology

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