How to format your references using the Body Image citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body Image. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Attractive information. Nature, 435(7041), 529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy, S. K., & Rockman, H. A. (2011). Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature, 477(7366), 546–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J. L. C., Everitt, B. J., & Thomas, K. L. (2004). Independent cellular processes for hippocampal memory consolidation and reconsolidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 839–843.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Morey, M., Yee, S. K., Herman, T., Nern, A., Blanco, E., & Zipursky, S. L. (2008). Coordinate control of synaptic-layer specificity and rhodopsins in photoreceptor neurons. Nature, 456(7223), 795–799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keiser, G. (2006). FTTX Concepts and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gisi, U., Chet, I., & Gullino, M. L. (Eds.). (2009). Recent Developments in Management of Plant Diseases (Vol. 1). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Adams, W. W., III, Zarter, C. R., Mueh, K. E., Amiard, V., & Demmig-Adams, B. (2006). Energy Dissipation and Photoinhibition: A Continuum of Photoprotection. In B. Demmig-Adams, W. W. Adams, & A. K. Mattoo (Eds.), Photoprotection, Photoinhibition, Gene Regulation, and Environment (pp. 49–64). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body Image.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 2). Scientists Develop Ice Cream That Doesn’t Melt In The Heat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Aviation Safety: Limited Success Rebuilding Staff and Finalizing Aging Aircraft Plan (RCED-91-119). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, J. M. (2012). Classroom management: Whose responsibility is it? [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, August 26). Black Enclave’s Newcomers: Mr. and Mrs. L.L.C. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Shenoy & Rockman, 2011; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shenoy & Rockman, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Lee et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Morey et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody Image
AbbreviationBody Image
ISSN (print)1740-1445
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology

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