How to format your references using the Body Image citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body Image. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnston, L. A. (2009). Competitive interactions between cells: death, growth, and geography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5935), 1679–1682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redman, C. W., & Sargent, I. L. (2005). Latest advances in understanding preeclampsia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1592–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heinsohn, R., Legge, S., & Endler, J. A. (2005). Extreme reversed sexual dichromatism in a bird without sex role reversal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 617–619.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sale, J. E., Calandrini, D. M., Takata, M., Takeda, S., & Neuberger, M. S. (2001). Ablation of XRCC2/3 transforms immunoglobulin V gene conversion into somatic hypermutation. Nature, 412(6850), 921–926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo, S. M., Lee, B. H., & Tian, W. (2006). Real-Time Digital Signal Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Adams, J. C. (2009). The Fortran 2003 Handbook: The Complete Syntax, Features and Procedures. (W. S. Brainerd, R. A. Hendrickson, R. E. Maine, J. T. Martin, & B. T. Smith, Eds.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Critser, P. J., & Yoder, M. C. (2011). Biophysical Properties of Scaffolds Modulate Human Blood Vessel Formation from Circulating Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells. In S. Gerecht (Ed.), Biophysical Regulation of Vascular Differentiation and Assembly (pp. 89–109). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body Image.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Farmers Of The Future Will Utilize Drones, Robots And GPS. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency (No. GAO-11-14). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueller, C. (2012). A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, February 15). A Gadget to Slow-Cook, and One to Fast-Forward. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Johnston, 2009; Redman & Sargent, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redman & Sargent, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Heinsohn, Legge, & Endler, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sale, Calandrini, Takata, Takeda, & Neuberger, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody Image
AbbreviationBody Image
ISSN (print)1740-1445
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology

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