How to format your references using the Body Image citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body Image. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, P. W. (2009). A Gross-Pitaevskii treatment for supersolid helium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5927), 631–632.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay, A., & Gray, J. (2001). The world-wide telescope. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2037–2040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wild, K., Sinning, I., & Cusack, S. (2001). Crystal structure of an early protein-RNA assembly complex of the signal recognition particle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 598–601.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Calfon, M., Zeng, H., Urano, F., Till, J. H., Hubbard, S. R., Harding, H. P., Clark, S. G., & Ron, D. (2002). IRE1 couples endoplasmic reticulum load to secretory capacity by processing the XBP-1 mRNA. Nature, 415(6867), 92–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gustafsson, F. (2001). Adaptive Filtering and Change Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Santarelli, E. (Ed.). (2006). Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation: The Dynamics of Firms and Industries (Vol. 12). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Alaniz, J. (2016). Standing Orders: Oracle, Disability, and Retconning. In C. Foss, J. W. Gray, & Z. Whalen (Eds.), Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives (pp. 59–79). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body Image.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 28). The Up Side Of Feeling Down: New Theory Links Neurotic Thinking To Creativity. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Department of Education: Resolving Discrimination Complaints Has Improved With New Processing System (HEHS-99-47R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes, M. G. (2010). A qualitative case study of cultural competency among Advanced Placement teachers in Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, May 7). Looking Good, Shooting Ugly. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson, 2009; Szalay & Gray, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay & Gray, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Wild et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Calfon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody Image
AbbreviationBody Image
ISSN (print)1740-1445
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology

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