How to format your references using the Body Image citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body Image. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, P. (2000). How to make diplomats scientifically literate. Nature, 405(6783), 116.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, H., & Tromp, J. (2013). Mapping tectonic deformation in the crust and upper mantle beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6148), 871–875.
A journal article with 3 authors
McSween, H. Y., Jr, Taylor, G. J., & Wyatt, M. B. (2009). Elemental composition of the Martian crust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5928), 736–739.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bearhop, S., Fiedler, W., Furness, R. W., Votier, S. C., Waldron, S., Newton, J., Bowen, G. J., Berthold, P., & Farnsworth, K. (2005). Assortative mating as a mechanism for rapid evolution of a migratory divide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 502–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh, B. C., Grubaugh, A. L., Elhai, J. D., & Ford, J. D. (2012). Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Steel, J. (Ed.). (2014). Living Donor Advocacy: An Evolving Role Within Transplantation. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, E., Lee, S., Chung, Y., Cho, H., & Pan, S. B. (2010). Ensuring Confidentiality and Integrity of Multimedia Data on Multi-core Platforms. In C.-H. Hsu, L. T. Yang, J. H. Park, & S.-S. Yeo (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Workshops, Part II (pp. 42–51). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body Image.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 30). Critically Endangered “Fairy Possum” Is Stuck In A Catch-22 Situation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform (HEHS-99-10). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, P. (2017). Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2015, July 4). The Supreme Court and the Politics of Fear. New York Times, SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2000; Zhu & Tromp, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu & Tromp, 2013)
  • Three authors: (McSween et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bearhop et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody Image
AbbreviationBody Image
ISSN (print)1740-1445
ScopeGeneral Psychology
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology

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