How to format your references using the GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Charm, not tact, aided pioneer in fight for physics. Nature, 403(6770), 586–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, T. N., & Schreiber, R. D. (2015). Neoantigens in cancer immunotherapy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 69–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fearon, D. T., Manders, P., & Wagner, S. D. (2001). Arrested differentiation, the self-renewing memory lymphocyte, and vaccination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 248–250.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sartori, L., Camperio-Ciani, A., Bulgheroni, M., & Castiello, U. (2014). Monkey see, monkey reach: action selection of reaching movements in the macaque monkey. Scientific Reports, 4, 4019.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murthy, D. N. P., Kurvinen, M., & Töyrylä, I. (2016). Warranty Fraud Management: Reducing Fraud and Other Excess Costs in Warranty and Service Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bennemann, K. H., & Ketterson, J. B. (Eds.). (2008). Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Donoghue, T., & Harford, J. (2016). Secondary School Education in Other Catholic Boys’ Secondary Schools in Ireland, 1922–1962. In J. Harford (Ed.), Secondary School Education in Ireland: History, Memories and Life Stories, 1922–1967 (pp. 87–119). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 17). The tax-funded assault on evolution in the classroom. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Freight Railroads: Electronic Supplement on Rates and Other Industry Trends, 1985-2005 (GAO-07-292SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-291R (GAO-07-292SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M. D. (2017). Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016, August 24). Everyday Minutia, and Where It Leads. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2000; Schumacher & Schreiber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schumacher & Schreiber, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Fearon et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sartori et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationGeroPsych (Bern)
ISSN (print)1662-9647
ISSN (online)1662-971X
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles