How to format your references using the GeoResJ citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoResJ. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers R. A chemist believes that an ionic liquid is the place for a noxious gas. Nature 2008;454:555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Efferson C, Vogt S. Viewing men’s faces does not lead to accurate predictions of trustworthiness. Sci Rep 2013;3:1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trillo S, Gongora JST, Fratalocchi A. Wave instabilities in the presence of non vanishing background in nonlinear Schrödinger systems. Sci Rep 2014;4:7285.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Prockter LM, Ernst CM, Denevi BW, Chapman CR, Head JW 3rd, Fassett CI, et al. Evidence for young volcanism on Mercury from the third MESSENGER flyby. Science 2010;329:668–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey R. A Dictionary of Varieties of English. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Oduaran A, Bhola HS, editors. WIDENING ACCESS TO EDUCATION AS SOCIAL JUSTICE. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Robinson D. Benveniste and the Periperformative Structure of the Pragmeme. In: Allan K, Capone A, Kecskes I, editors. Pragmemes and Theories of Language Use, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoResJ.

Blog post
Hamilton K. A Thermonuclear Bomb Slammed Into A North Carolina Farm In 1961 – And Part Of It Is Still Missing. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill in Oregon. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada T. Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Forecast Hints That Hurricane Matthew Could Return. New York Times 2016:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoResJ
ISSN (print)2214-2428
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles