How to format your references using the GeoResJ citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoResJ. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schilling G. Sloan Digital Sky Survey. A hundred million points of light. Nature 2000;407:557.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Balskus EP, Jacobsen EN. Asymmetric catalysis of the transannular Diels-Alder reaction. Science 2007;317:1736–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pearson PN, Foster GL, Wade BS. Atmospheric carbon dioxide through the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Nature 2009;461:1110–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Howell SM, Fiacco SV, Takahashi TT, Jalali-Yazdi F, Millward SW, Hu B, et al. Serum stable natural peptides designed by mRNA display. Sci Rep 2014;4:6008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sedlacek HH, Sapienza AM, Eid V. Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Hattingen E, Pilatus U, editors. Brain Tumor Imaging. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mackenzie R, Lewis S, Matta BF. Trauma Care Organisation. In: Gullo A, editor. Anaesthesia, Pharmacology, Intensive Care and Emergency A.P.I.C.E: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting - International Symposium on Critical Care Medicine, Milano: Springer; 2014, p. 49–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoResJ.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. 2,000-Year-Old Lump Of Butter Dug Up From An Irish Bog. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/2000yearold-lump-of-butter-dug-up-from-an-irish-bog/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Oates PE. Leadership transactions impacting transformation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Amid Concerns, Counties Move to Limit Taxes. New York Times 2006:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoResJ
AbbreviationGeoResJ
ISSN (print)2214-2428
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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