How to format your references using the GeoResJ citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoResJ. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Portrait of a molecule. Nature 2003;421:421–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Süsstrunk R, Huber SD. PHYSICS. Observation of phononic helical edge states in a mechanical topological insulator. Science 2015;349:47–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Widom CS, Czaja SJ, DuMont KA. Intergenerational transmission of child abuse and neglect: real or detection bias? Science 2015;347:1480–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anderson BJ, Acuña MH, Korth H, Purucker ME, Johnson CL, Slavin JA, et al. The structure of Mercury’s magnetic field from MESSENGER’s first flyby. Science 2008;321:82–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vicat-Blanc P, Soudan S, Guillier R, Goglin B. Computing Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
Iannaccone G. Smart-ECO Buildings towards 2020/2030: Innovative Technologies for Resource Efficient Buildings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bas P, Furon T, Cayre F, Doërr G, Mathon B. Attacks. In: Furon T, Cayre F, Doërr G, Mathon B, editors. Watermarking Security, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 103–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoResJ.

Blog post
Luntz S. Scientists Translate Monkey Sounds To English. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Enterprise Architecture: Leadership Remains Key to Establishing and Leveraging Architectures for Organizational Transformation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zbeeb K. Transport and dispersion of fire extinguishing agents downstream from clutter elements of aircraft engine nacelles. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A Slice of Virtue. New York Times 2011:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoResJ
ISSN (print)2214-2428
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles