How to format your references using the GeoInformatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoInformatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McNutt MK (2006) Geophysics. Another nail in the plume coffin? Science 313:1394–1395
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Keusch GT, Medlin CA (2003) Tapping the power of small institutions. Nature 422:561–562
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pollitz FF, Wicks C, Thatcher W (2001) Mantle flow beneath a continental strike-slip fault: postseismic deformation after the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake. Science 293:1814–1818
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hur N, Park S, Sharma PA, et al (2004) Electric polarization reversal and memory in a multiferroic material induced by magnetic fields. Nature 429:392–395

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Collins D (2008) Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Sakawa M (2013) Linear and Multiobjective Programming with Fuzzy Stochastic Extensions. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Granick S (2010) Tribology at Small Scales. In: Luo J, Meng Y, Shao T, Zhao Q (eds) Advanced Tribology: Proceedings of CIST2008 & ITS-IFToMM2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 11–11

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoInformatica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2013) Gamma-Ray Burst 130427A One Of The Brightest Ever Recorded. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/gamma-ray-burst-130427a-one-brightest-ever-recorded/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: DHS’s Human Capital Plan Is Largely Consistent with Relevant Guidance, but Improvements and Implementation Steps Are Still Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eggleston BP (2014) An Investigation of the Difference in Student Achievement during the Middle School Transition Years. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ellsberg SS (1967) Letters; THE ROAD AHEAD. New York Times The New York Times MagazineSM10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoInformatica
AbbreviationGeoinformatica
ISSN (print)1384-6175
ISSN (online)1573-7624
ScopeInformation Systems
Geography, Planning and Development

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