How to format your references using the GeoInformatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoInformatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Christe KO (2008) Obituary: Neil Bartlett (1932-2008). Nature 455:182
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ammerman AJ, McClennen CE (2000) URBAN ECOLOGY: Saving Venice. Science 289:1301–1302
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rouxel OJ, Bekker A, Edwards KJ (2005) Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state. Science 307:1088–1091
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ranero CR, Morgan JP, McIntosh K, Reichert C (2003) Bending-related faulting and mantle serpentinization at the Middle America trench. Nature 425:367–373

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stein RL (2011) Kinetics of Enzyme Action. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Xu H, Wang X (2014) Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Krutmann J, Gilchrest BA (2006) Photoaging of Skin. In: Gilchrest BA, Krutmann J (eds) Skin Aging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoInformatica.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Birds Adapting to Chernobyl’s Radiation. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/birds-adapting-chernobyls-radiation/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) Performance and Accountability: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Haneef NJ (2009) A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J (2016) Parade’s End. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoInformatica
AbbreviationGeoinformatica
ISSN (print)1384-6175
ISSN (online)1573-7624
ScopeInformation Systems
Geography, Planning and Development

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