How to format your references using the GeoInformatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeoInformatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Garwood R (2014) Uprooting researchers can drive them out of science. Nature 510:313
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shidara M, Richmond BJ (2002) Anterior cingulate: single neuronal signals related to degree of reward expectancy. Science 296:1709–1711
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dunn EW, Aknin LB, Norton MI (2008) Spending money on others promotes happiness. Science 319:1687–1688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Williams HM, McCammon CA, Peslier AH, et al (2004) Iron isotope fractionation and the oxygen fugacity of the mantle. Science 304:1656–1659

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chinesta F, Cescotto S, Cueto E, Lorong P (2013) Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Kim Y-C (2016) Chinese Global Production Networks in ASEAN. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang W, Lv K (2016) On Promise Problem of the Generalized Shortest Vector Problem. In: Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, Liu D (eds) Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeoInformatica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Abrupt Climate Warming, Not Cold Snaps, Kicked Off Megafauna Extinction: Study. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/abrupt-climate-warming-not-cold-snaps-kicked-megafauna-extinction-study/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Space Station: Estimated Total U.S. Funding Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mardakhanian A (2015) Blended CME, Inc. A business plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Dorman JL (2017) Damien Chazelle on Los Angeles and Its Charms. New York Times TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoInformatica
AbbreviationGeoinformatica
ISSN (print)1384-6175
ISSN (online)1573-7624
ScopeInformation Systems
Geography, Planning and Development

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