How to format your references using the Geodinamica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geodinamica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dissanayake, C. (2005). Global Voices of Science. Of stones and health: medical geology in Sri Lanka. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 883–885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravi, M., & Chan, S. W. L. (2010). Haploid plants produced by centromere-mediated genome elimination. Nature, 464(7288), 615–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee, R. A., Walker, F. J., & Chisholm, M. F. (2001). Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 468–471.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hopkins, D. S., Pekker, D., Goldbart, P. M., & Bezryadin, A. (2005). Quantum interference device made by DNA templating of superconducting nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5729), 1762–1765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad, J. J., Cagna, D. R., Goodacre, C. J., Wicks, R. A., & Ahuja, S. A. (2017). Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Horne, R. (Ed.). (2015). Embracing Global Computing in Emerging Economies: First Workshop, EGC 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan, February 26-28, 2015. Proceedings (Vol. 514). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, Y.-S., & Kearney, P. (2015). Study Two: Mindfulness Intervention for Children. In P. Kearney (Ed.), A Mindfulness Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: New Directions in Research and Practice (pp. 93–125). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geodinamica Acta.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 12). Tatooine Planets Orbiting Two Stars Are More Likely To Survive. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Battlefield Automation: Field Artillery Data Systems Acquisition Problems and Budget Impacts (NSIAD-89-95BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adaligil, E. (2010). Electron transfer through self-assembled monolayers of alkaneselenols and alkanethiols on mercury electrode [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., & Mather, V. (2013, February 14). To Avoid I.O.C. Cut, a Sport Changed. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dissanayake, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dissanayake, 2005; Ravi & Chan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ravi & Chan, 2010)
  • Three authors: (McKee et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hopkins et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeodinamica Acta
ISSN (print)0985-3111
ISSN (online)1778-3593
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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