How to format your references using the Geodinamica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geodinamica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowie, J. U. (2005). Solving the membrane protein folding problem. Nature, 438(7068), 581–589.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horne-Badovinac, S., & Munro, E. (2011). Developmental biology. Tubular transformations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6040), 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuna, D. E., Allesina, S., & Kording, K. P. (2012). Future impact: Predicting scientific success. Nature, 489(7415), 201–202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Angeli, A., Monachello, D., Ephritikhine, G., Frachisse, J. M., Thomine, S., Gambale, F., & Barbier-Brygoo, H. (2006). The nitrate/proton antiporter AtCLCa mediates nitrate accumulation in plant vacuoles. Nature, 442(7105), 939–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J. (2007). Accounting for Derivatives. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Gladwell, G. M. L., & Morassi, A. (Eds.). (2011). Dynamical Inverse Problems: Theory and Application (Vol. 529). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vail, A. (2016). Protestant Nonconformists: Providers of Educational and Social Services. In P. Ackers & A. J. Reid (Eds.), Alternatives to State-Socialism in Britain: Other Worlds of Labour in the Twentieth Century (pp. 121–150). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geodinamica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 2). Curiosity Rover Confirms Methane On Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Community Placement of the Mentally Disabled in Michigan] (No. 092277). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hylton, J. K. (2016). Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, February 24). Go West, They Said. And So Should the 7 Train. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowie, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bowie, 2005; Horne-Badovinac & Munro, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horne-Badovinac & Munro, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Acuna, Allesina, & Kording, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (De Angeli et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeodinamica Acta
ISSN (print)0985-3111
ISSN (online)1778-3593
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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