How to format your references using the Biologics in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologics in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Meyer K. Another remembered present. Science. 2012;335:415–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bahary N, Zon LI. Development. Endothelium--chicken soup for the endoderm. Science. 2001;294:530–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lepper C, Conway SJ, Fan C-M. Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements. Nature. 2009;460:627–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hunt B, Pratt E, Gadagkar V, Yamashita M, Balatsky AV, Davis JC. Evidence for a superglass state in solid 4He. Science. 2009;324:632–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Abraham A. The Trend Following Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Walter NG, Woodson SA, Batey RT, editors. Non-Protein Coding RNAs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lorenz K, Lal R. Terrestrial Carbon Management in Urban Ecosystems and Water Quality. In: Lal R, Augustin B, editors. Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologics in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hearing Voices? Don’t Assume That Means Schizophrenia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/hearing-voices-don-t-assume-means-schizophrenia/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Interim Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research and Technology Transfer Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-96-93.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Contartesi RA. School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. DE WITT with MICHAEL KELLY K. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Pursued Charges Against Official for Years. New York Times. 1992 Jun 28;118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologics in Therapy
AbbreviationBiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2195-5840
ISSN (online)2190-9164
Scope

Other styles