How to format your references using the Biologics in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologics in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker DN. Space science. How to cope with space weather. Science. 2002;297:1486–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Herbst D, Mas A. Peer effects on worker output in the laboratory generalize to the field. Science. 2015;350:545–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pagel M, Venditti C, Meade A. Large punctuational contribution of speciation to evolutionary divergence at the molecular level. Science. 2006;314:119–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li Y, Liu Y, Xia W, Lei D, Voorhees JJ, Fisher GJ. Age-dependent alterations of decorin glycosaminoglycans in human skin. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nussbaumer A, Borges L, Davaine L. Fatigue Design of Steel and Composite Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
1. Gupta SK, editor. Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 2: Perspectives. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lee H, Kim J, Kim J. Decision Fusion of Shape and Motion Information Based on Bayesian Framework for Moving Object Classification in Image Sequences. In: Esposito F, Raś ZW, Malerba D, Semeraro G, editors. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 19–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologics in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Wearing Skinny Jeans Could Lead To Permanent Nerve Damage [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/don-t-squat-skinny-jeans-kids/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing: EFT 99 Is Not Expected to Affect Year 2000 Remediation Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Aug. Report No.: AIMD-98-272R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bhavsar KS. Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM. Classy Comfort Food in Relaxed Settings. New York Times. 2014 Mar 16;LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologics in Therapy
AbbreviationBiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2195-5840
ISSN (online)2190-9164
Scope

Other styles