How to format your references using the Biologics in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologics in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stock JM. Geochemistry. The Hawaiian-Emperor bend: older than expected. Science. 2006;313:1250–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kaspari M, Weiser MD. Ecology. Meet the new boss, same as the old boss. Science. 2014;343:974–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dreger DS, Ford SR, Walter WR. Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse. Science. 2008;321:217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Warita K, Warita T, Beckwitt CH, Schurdak ME, Vazquez A, Wells A, et al. Statin-induced mevalonate pathway inhibition attenuates the growth of mesenchymal-like cancer cells that lack functional E-cadherin mediated cell cohesion. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Armstrong RA, Hilton AC. Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Bulajich Manfrino R. Topics in Algebra and Analysis: Preparing for the Mathematical Olympiad. Gómez Ortega JA, Valdez Delgado R, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Biggio B, Bulò SR, Pillai I, Mura M, Mequanint EZ, Pelillo M, et al. Poisoning Complete-Linkage Hierarchical Clustering. In: Fränti P, Brown G, Loog M, Escolano F, Pelillo M, editors. Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, S+SSPR 2014, Joensuu, Finland, August 20-22, 2014 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologics in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Watch A Baby Elephant Fight Off 14 Lionesses [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-baby-elephant-fight-14-lionesses/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Oct. Report No.: GGD-76-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown O. Business and IT leaders’ behavioral affects on alignment and project outcome: A comparative leadership study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Novick SM. Authentic Mexican Flavors for Summer. New York Times. 2015 Jun 14;LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologics in Therapy
AbbreviationBiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2195-5840
ISSN (online)2190-9164
Scope

Other styles