How to format your references using the Biologics in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologics in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Liu RC. Sensory systems: The yin and yang of cortical oxytocin. Nature. 2015;520:444–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Taylor RL, Mittlefehldt DW. Missing martian meteorites. Science. 2000;290:273c–5c.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. West-Eberhard MJ, Smith JAC, Winter K. Plant science. Photosynthesis, reorganized. Science. 2011;332:311–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gregory RI, Yan K-P, Amuthan G, Chendrimada T, Doratotaj B, Cooch N, et al. The Microprocessor complex mediates the genesis of microRNAs. Nature. 2004;432:235–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Riches J. Galatians Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Conforti M. Integer Programming. Cornuéjols G, Zambelli G, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Poulymenopoulou M, Malamateniou F, Vassilacopoulos G. Ontology-Driven Authorization Policies on Personal Health Records for Sustainable Citizen-Centered Healthcare. In: Koutsouris D-D, Lazakidou AA, editors. Concepts and Trends in Healthcare Information Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 43–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologics in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Black Supermoon Will Be Visible Wednesday Night [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-moon-black-and-super/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force ADP: Depot Maintenance System Development Risks Are High. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 May. Report No.: IMTEC-90-46.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ouellette RL. Referral development results of relationship tie- strength for small business goal -directed networking groups [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hanc J. Longer and Better. New York Times. 2017 Mar 2;F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologics in Therapy
AbbreviationBiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2195-5840
ISSN (online)2190-9164
Scope

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