How to format your references using the Biologics in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologics in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Maxmen A. The hard facts. Nature. 2012;485:S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Maniatis T, Reed R. An extensive network of coupling among gene expression machines. Nature. 2002;416:499–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pulendran B, Palucka K, Banchereau J. Sensing pathogens and tuning immune responses. Science. 2001;293:253–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pezo V, Louis D, Guérineau V, Le Caer J-P, Gaillon L, Mutzel R, et al. A metabolic prototype for eliminating tryptophan from the genetic code. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stafford F. Reading Romantic Poetry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. van der Hoek W, Holliday WH, Wang W-F, editors. Logic, Rationality, and Interaction: 5th International Workshop, LORI 2015, Taipei, Taiwan, October 28-30, 2015. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhang Q, Verma M, Khare S. Epigenetic Regulation of MicroRNA in Colon Cancer. In: Sarkar FH, editor. Epigenetics and Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologics in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The Winners Of The 2016 Underwater Photography Competition Are Absolutely Amazing [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-winners-of-the-2016-underwater-photography-competition-are-absolutely-amazing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Europe. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-91-194.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wall JD. The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Belson K, Pilon M. Concern Raised Over Painkiller’s Use in Sports. New York Times. 2012 Apr 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologics in Therapy
AbbreviationBiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2195-5840
ISSN (online)2190-9164
Scope

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