How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. 2000. French take physics archives into the future. Nature 407(6806): 825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Purves, D., and Pacala, S. 2008. Predictive models of forest dynamics. Science 320(5882): 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguirre, A., Rubio, M.E., and Gallo, V. 2010. Notch and EGFR pathway interaction regulates neural stem cell number and self-renewal. Nature 467(7313): 323–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Komiyama, S., Astafiev, O., Antonov, V., V., Kutsuwa, T., and Hirai, H. 2000. A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range. Nature 403(6768): 405–407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, H.G., Forrest, H.S., Grossel, S.S., Huff, J.E., Muller, A.R., Noronha, J.A., Shaw, D.A., and Tilley, B.J. 1993. Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Werner, L., Fay, R.R., and Popper, A.N. (Editors). 2012. Human Auditory Development. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Garber, P.A., and Porter, L.M. 2010. The Ecology of Exudate Production and Exudate Feeding in Saguinus and Callimico. In The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates. Edited by A.M. Burrows and L.T. Nash. Springer, New York, NY. pp. 89–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016, October 26. Saturn Hexagonal Storm Changes Color. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federal Student Loans: Education Could Improve Direct Loan Program Customer Service and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gandarilla, A.H. 2009. Family preservation: A content analysis of literature. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010, July 8. Scouting Report. New York Times: E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2000; Purves and Pacala 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Purves and Pacala 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Komiyama et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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