How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoal, E. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Famine in the presence of the genomic data feast. Science 331(6019): 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Largeron, M., and Fleury, M.-B. 2013. Chemistry. Bioinspired oxidation catalysts. Science 339(6115): 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, T.B., Macrini, T.E., and Luo, Z.-X. 2011. Fossil evidence on origin of the mammalian brain. Science 332(6032): 955–957.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vörösmarty, C.J., Osuna, V.R., Koehler, D.A., Klop, P., Spengler, J.D., Buonocore, J.J., Cak, A.D., Tessler, Z.D., Corsi, F., Green, P.A., and Sánchez, R. 2018. Scientifically assess impacts of sustainable investments. Science 359(6375): 523–525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmshurst, L. 2012. Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Eddahbi, M., Essaky, E.H., and Vives, J. (Editors). 2016. Statistical Methods and Applications in Insurance and Finance: CIMPA School, Marrakech and Kelaat M’gouna, Morocco, April 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kagan, V., Rossini, E., and Sapounas, D. 2013. Scoring Engine. In Sentiment Analysis for PTSD Signals. Edited by E. Rossini and D. Sapounas. Springer, New York, NY. pp. 33–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2016, August 10. Birds May Be Protecting Atlanta From West Nile Virus. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Air Traffic Control: Voice Communications System Continues to Encounter Difficulties. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripputi, M.T. 2009. Use of mediation in designing clinical trials with two primary endpoints. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. 2017, September 28. The Met Offers Buyouts To 21 of Its Employees. New York Times: C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoal 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hoal 2011; Largeron and Fleury 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Largeron and Fleury 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Vörösmarty et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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