How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly, C.A. 2000. Likely size of the French BSE epidemic. Nature 408(6814): 787–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagan, J., and Palloni, A. 2006. Social science. Death in Darfur. Science 313(5793): 1578–1579.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, W., Mosca, T.J., and Luo, L. 2012. Teneurins instruct synaptic partner matching in an olfactory map. Nature 484(7393): 201–207.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Agarwal, N., Lamichhane, G., Gupta, R., Nolan, S., and Bishai, W.R. 2009. Cyclic AMP intoxication of macrophages by a Mycobacterium tuberculosis adenylate cyclase. Nature 460(7251): 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., and Aizawa, K. 2010. The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bacon, D., Martin-Delgado, M., and Roetteler, M. (Editors). 2014. Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication, and Cryptography: 6th Conference, TQC 2011, Madrid, Spain, May 24-26, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Moos, M.-K., and Bennett, A.C. 2011. Preconceptional Health Promotion. In Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes: The Evidence from Population-Based Interventions. Edited by A. Handler, J. Kennelly, and N. Peacock. Springer US, Boston, MA. pp. 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015, June 2. Britain’s Oldest Sauropod Dinosaur Discovered. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Joint Strike Fighter: Restructuring Places Program on Firmer Footing, but Progress Is Still Lagging. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layer, B.D. 2012. Structured plasma waveguides and deep EUV generation enabled by intense laser-cluster interactions. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M., Davey, M., and Blinder, A. 2016, February 21. Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donnelly 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Donnelly 2000; Hagan and Palloni 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hagan and Palloni 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Agarwal et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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