How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckling, A. 2007. Epidemiology. Keep it local. Science 315(5816): 1227–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, J., and Holtzman, D.M. 2010. Medicine. Prion-like behavior of amyloid-beta. Science 330(6006): 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Tao, H.W., and Poo, M.-M. 2003. Reversal and stabilization of synaptic modifications in a developing visual system. Science 300(5627): 1953–1957.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yin, J.-X., Zhang, S.S., Li, H., Jiang, K., Chang, G., Zhang, B., Lian, B., Xiang, C., Belopolski, I., Zheng, H., Cochran, T.A., Xu, S.-Y., Bian, G., Liu, K., Chang, T.-R., Lin, H., Lu, Z.-Y., Wang, Z., Jia, S., Wang, W., and Hasan, M.Z. 2018. Giant and anisotropic many-body spin-orbit tunability in a strongly correlated kagome magnet. Nature 562(7725): 91–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard, M. 2011. SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Almeida, L., Ji, J., Steinbauer, G., and Luke, S. (Editors). 2015. RoboCup 2015: Robot World Cup XIX. In 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Spence, R. 2009. Earthquake Risk Mitigation – The Global Challenge. In Earthquakes and Tsunamis: Civil Engineering Disaster Mitigation Activities Implementing Millennium Development Goals. Edited by A.T. Tankut. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp. 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014, April 16. How Harmless Microbes Turned into Flesh-Eating Bacteria. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Public Education: Title I Services Provided to Students With Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindsey, M.M. 2010. Sampling frequency for semi-arid streams and rivers: Implications for national parks in the Sonoran Desert Network. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2008, April 27. Homey Food That Speaks Of Brazil. New York Times: NJ22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckling 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Buckling 2007; Kim and Holtzman 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Holtzman 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yin et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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