How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shields, A. 2002. Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science 297(5588): 1821–1822.
A journal article with 2 authors
McKerracher, L., and Ellezam, B. 2002. Development. Putting the brakes on regeneration. Science 296(5574): 1819–1820.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieves, V., Willis, J.K., and Patzert, W.C. 2015. GLOBAL WARMING. Recent hiatus caused by decadal shift in Indo-Pacific heating. Science 349(6247): 532–535.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dalgarno, S.J., Tucker, S.A., Bassil, D.B., and Atwood, J.L. 2005. Fluorescent guest molecules report ordered inner phase of host capsules in solution. Science 309(5743): 2037–2039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heiberger, R.M. 2015. Computation for the Analysis of Designed Experiments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tweedale, J.W., Jain, L.C., Watada, J., and Howlett, R.J. (Editors). 2015. Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Buxarrais, M.R., and Esteban, F. 2011. Moral Education from A Humanist Perspective. In Education and Humanism: Linking Autonomy and Humanity. Edited by W. Veugelers. SensePublishers, Rotterdam. pp. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017, January 5. People Living Near Busy Roads Found To Have Higher Rates Of Dementia. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Human Resources and Payroll Systems Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butts, P. 2017. Green Roof Vegetable Production in Three Different Growth Media. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1992, August 8. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Reporter’s Notebook; Fearing Fickleness, Clinton Says, “Stick With Us.” New York Times: 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shields 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Shields 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McKerracher and Ellezam 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dalgarno et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles