How to format your references using the Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil, V. 2000. Laying down the law. Nature 403(6770): 597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S., and Feldstein, S.B. 2013. Detecting ozone- and greenhouse gas-driven wind trends with observational data. Science 339(6119): 563–567.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin, I., Smith, B.E., and Medley, B. 2014. Marine ice sheet collapse potentially under way for the Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica. Science 344(6185): 735–738.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, J., Shibata, Y., Voss, C., Shemesh, T., Li, Z., Coughlin, M., Kozlov, M.M., Rapoport, T.A., and Prinz, W.A. 2008. Membrane proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum induce high-curvature tubules. Science 319(5867): 1247–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edgerton, M. 2013. A Practitioner’s Guide to Effective Maritime and Port Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tsang, P., Cheung, S.K.S., Lee, V.S.K., and Huang, R. (Editors). 2010. Hybrid Learning: Third International Conference, ICHL 2010, Beijing, China, August 16-18, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Joung, M., Baldick, R., and Kristiansen, T. 2013. Generator Ownership of Financial Transmission Rights and Market Power. In Financial Transmission Rights: Analysis, Experiences and Prospects. Edited by J. Rosellón and T. Kristiansen. Springer, London. pp. 129–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2015, November 3. Gene That Sends Roots Downwards Could Save Barley From Drought. IFLScience. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hausmann, R.C. 2015. Organizing Ecosystems for Social Innovation: The Relationality of Contexts and Mechanisms in a Social Entrepreneurship Network. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K., and Schwirtz, M. 2017, April 28. Amid Rikers Chaos, Jails Chief Often Left Town. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smil 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Smil 2000; Lee and Feldstein 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Feldstein 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome
ISSN (print)0831-2796
ISSN (online)1480-3321
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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