How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole AA (2000) ASTRONOMY: The Distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud. Science 289:1149–1150
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennis JTM, Crosson S (2007) Microbiology. A bacterial pathogen sees the light. Science 317:1041–1042
A journal article with 3 authors
Egholm DL, Knudsen MF, Sandiford M (2013) Lifespan of mountain ranges scaled by feedbacks between landsliding and erosion by rivers. Nature 498:475–478
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang D, Wei D, Li Q, et al (2014) High performance catalytic distillation using CNTs-based holistic catalyst for production of high quality biodiesel. Sci Rep 4:4021

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico G, Di Biase G, Janssen J, Manca R (2017) Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Murray-Smith R (ed) (2014) Mobile Social Signal Processing: First International Workshop, MSSP 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, September 7, 2010, Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kireyev D, Hung J (2016) Valvular Pathology. In: Kireyev D, Hung J (eds) Cardiac Imaging in Clinical Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) The Science Of Why Are Some People Attracted To Children. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: Agencies Need to Strengthen Oversight of Billions of Dollars in Operations and Maintenance Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chhun S (2010) Assessing the role of vacuolar trafficking in fifteen candidate env genes at the late endosome to vacuole interface in S. cerevisiae. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) The Unending Struggle for Gay Rights. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cole 2000; Kennis and Crosson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennis and Crosson 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles