How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brito L (2012) Analyzing sustainable development goals. Science 336:1396
A journal article with 2 authors
Collerson KD, Weisler MI (2007) Stone adze compositions and the extent of ancient Polynesian voyaging and trade. Science 317:1907–1911
A journal article with 3 authors
Wong CP, Luo S, Zhang Z (2000) MICROELECTRONICS: Flip the Chip. Science 290:2269–2270
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Oberauner L, Zachow C, Lackner S, et al (2013) The ignored diversity: complex bacterial communities in intensive care units revealed by 16S pyrosequencing. Sci Rep 3:1413

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baher H (2012) Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schmidt M, Onyango V, Palekhov D (eds) (2011) Implementing Environmental and Resource Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sykes AV, Koueta N, Rosas C (2014) Historical Review of Cephalopods Culture. In: Iglesias J, Fuentes L, Villanueva R (eds) Cephalopod Culture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 59–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) L’Oreal Wants To 3D Print Human Skin For Cosmetics Testing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Air Traffic Operations: The Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Address Major Air Traffic Operating Cost Control Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie LJ (2013) Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M (2017) New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brito 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collerson and Weisler 2007; Brito 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collerson and Weisler 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Oberauner et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles