How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R (2001) Bilateral Vietnam study plans to assess war fallout of dioxin. Nature 413:442
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoun R, Perlmutter S (2015) Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth. Nature 526:187–189
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu F, Luo W, Hong M (2010) Mechanisms of proton conduction and gating in influenza M2 proton channels from solid-state NMR. Science 330:505–508
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mao L, Luo S, Huang Q, Lu J (2013) Horseradish peroxidase inactivation: heme destruction and influence of polyethylene glycol. Sci Rep 3:3126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans R (2010) Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
White MA, Murray AS (eds) (2015) Evidence-Based Approaches in Positive Education: Implementing a Strategic Framework for Well-being in Schools. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lőw P, Molnár K, Kriska G (2016) Dissection of a Snail (Helix pomatia). In: Molnár K, Kriska G (eds) Atlas of Animal Anatomy and Histology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) After Rosetta, Japanese Mission Aims For An Asteroid In Search of Origins of Earth’s Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Does DOD Need a Dedicated System of High Altitude Satellites To Meet Its Strategic Communications Requirements for the Next Decade? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stein E (2017) Oncology Summer Camp Attendance and Self-Esteem and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner T (2017) A World Series Twist: First Loves Become the Enemy. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2001; MacCoun and Perlmutter 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacCoun and Perlmutter 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles