How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blobel G (2008) Obituary: George Emil Palade (1912-2008). Nature 456:52
A journal article with 2 authors
DellaPenna D, Last RL (2008) Genome-enabled approaches shed new light on plant metabolism. Science 320:479–481
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshikuni Y, Ferrin TE, Keasling JD (2006) Designed divergent evolution of enzyme function. Nature 440:1078–1082
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Iwasawa H, Yoshida Y, Hase I, et al (2013) “True” bosonic coupling strength in strongly correlated superconductors. Sci Rep 3:1930

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia JE (2011) Dynamic Economic Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kempfert H-G (2006) Excavations and Foundations in Soft Soils. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wang J, Chen W (2010) A Novel Localization System Based on Infrared Vision for Outdoor Mobile Robot. In: Li K, Jia L, Sun X, et al. (eds) Life System Modeling and Intelligent Computing: International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, LSMS 2010, and International Conference on Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment, ICSEE 2010, Wuxi, China, September 17-20, 2010. Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientists Make Female Fish That Produce Working Sperm. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Reports Issued in June 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford CJ (2008) Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating biosensors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Russian, Making Use of Rule, Again Prospers Without Succeeding. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blobel 2008).
This sentence cites two references (DellaPenna and Last 2008; Blobel 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DellaPenna and Last 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwasawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles