How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger LR (2013) The mosaic nature of Australopithecus sediba. Introduction. Science 340:163–165
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds JD, Freckleton RP (2005) Ecology. Population dynamics: growing to extremes. Science 309:567–568
A journal article with 3 authors
Ugalde JA, Chang BSW, Matz MV (2004) Evolution of coral pigments recreated. Science 305:1433
A journal article with 5 or more authors
McNew JA, Parlati F, Fukuda R, et al (2000) Compartmental specificity of cellular membrane fusion encoded in SNARE proteins. Nature 407:153–159

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzer SM (2015) Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Brasier AR (ed) (2014) Heterogeneity in Asthma. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Amer SAK (2015) The Impact of Endometrioma and Its Surgical Treatment on Ovarian Reserve and Reproductive Performance. In: Metwally M, Li T-C (eds) Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception. Springer, London, pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) This Summer’s Arctic Sea Ice Extent Is The Second Lowest On Record. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Information Technology: Agencies Need to Strengthen Oversight of Multibillion Dollar Investments in Operations and Maintenance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rendleman AJ (2017) Energetics of Physiological Plasticity during Larval Development of the Sand Dollar, Dendraster Excentricus. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman S (2017) What Storm? Getting the Paper Out. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Reynolds and Freckleton 2005; Berger 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reynolds and Freckleton 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (McNew et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles