How to format your references using the Genetica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordhaus W (2007) Economics. Critical assumptions in the Stern Review on climate change. Science 317:201–202
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloodgood BL, Sabatini BL (2005) Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science 310:866–869
A journal article with 3 authors
Han C, Ding H, Lv F (2014) Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on an optical micro-fiber three-beam interferometer. Sci Rep 4:7504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu H, Chiang SW, Lin W, et al (2014) Towards practical application of paper based printed circuits: capillarity effectively enhances conductivity of the thermoplastic electrically conductive adhesives. Sci Rep 4:6275

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell CA, Collins M (2010) The One-Page Project Manager for Execution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gašević D (2006) Model Driven Architecture and Ontology Development. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Göhner JF, Grafe T, Krone Y, Ueberfeldt J (2016) How Innocent Is Innocent Realism? In: Göhner JF, Jung E-M (eds) Susan Haack: Reintegrating Philosophy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Atom Makes Quantum Computing Light Work. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Federal Research: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Management and Oversight of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brigida MD (2009) Target stock price runup prior to acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mcmasters K (2006) The Nuclear Neighborhood. New York Times LI15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nordhaus 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bloodgood and Sabatini 2005; Nordhaus 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloodgood and Sabatini 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetica
ISSN (print)0016-6707
ISSN (online)1573-6857
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Plant Science
General Medicine

Other styles