How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, C.R. (2010). Paleontology. Marine biodiversity dynamics over deep time. Science 329, 1156–1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mandelli, D., & Tosatti, E. (2015). Nanophysics: Microscopic friction emulators. Nature 526, 332–333.
A journal article with 3 authors
McAlary, L., Yerbury, J.J., & Aquilina, J.A. (2013). Glutathionylation potentiates benign superoxide dismutase 1 variants to the toxic forms associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Sci. Rep. 3, 3275.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Xue, W.-Q., He, Y.-Q., Zhu, J.-H., Ma, J.-Q., He, J., & Jia, W.-H. (2014). Association of BRCA2 N372H polymorphism with cancer susceptibility: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6791.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowrick, D.J. (2005). Earthquake Risk Reduction (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Kaiser, S. (2011). Strategic Management of Professional Service Firms: Theory and Practice (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Rothschild, B.M., Schultze, H.-P., & Pellegrini, R. (2012). Summary of Osseous Pathology in Amphibians and Reptiles. In Herpetological Osteopathology: Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles, H.-P. Schultze, & R. Pellegrini, eds. (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 11–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Solar Technology Could Make Underground Parks In Cramped Cities Possible (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Has Made Progress Establishing the Network, but Should Address Stakeholder Concerns and Workforce Planning (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poldervaart, P.G. (2010). A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017). Building on Twin Strands of Music and Compassion. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mandelli & Tosatti, 2015; Marshall, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mandelli & Tosatti, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Xue et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

Other styles