How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2014). Personalized medicine: Special treatment. Nature 513, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alekseev, V., & Lampert, W. (2001). Maternal control of resting-egg production in Daphnia. Nature 414, 899–901.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griesinger, C.B., Richards, C.D., & Ashmore, J.F. (2005). Fast vesicle replenishment allows indefatigable signalling at the first auditory synapse. Nature 435, 212–215.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Hugosson, H.W., Jansson, U., Johansson, B., & Eriksson, O. (2001). Restricting dislocation movement in transition metal carbides by phase stability tuning. Science 293, 2434–2437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caltagirone, J.-P. (2015). Discrete Mechanics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
(2012). Collaborative Financial Infrastructure Protection: Tools, Abstractions, and Middleware (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Seanosky, J., Jacques, D., Kumar, V., & Kinshuk (2016). Security and Privacy in Bigdata Learning Analytics. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Big Data and Cloud Computing Challenges (ISBCC – 16’), V. Vijayakumar, & V. Neelanarayanan, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Brains Of Pedophiles Who Abuse Children Are Wired Differently To Those Who Don’t (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat, T.P. (2008). Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2016). A Subway Singer in the Spotlight. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Alekseev & Lampert, 2001; Eisenstein, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alekseev & Lampert, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hugosson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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