How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. (2001). Think like a bee. Nature 410, 510–512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abramov, O., & Mojzsis, S.J. (2009). Microbial habitability of the Hadean Earth during the late heavy bombardment. Nature 459, 419–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnes, W.L., Dereux, A., & Ebbesen, T.W. (2003). Surface plasmon subwavelength optics. Nature 424, 824–830.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Yoo, I., Han, C.K., Shin, D.-S., Lee, K.J.B., Wu, J.W., Moon, H.S., Wright, O.B., & Lee, S.H. (2014). Spatiotemporal path discontinuities of wavepackets propagating across a meta-atom. Sci. Rep. 4, 4634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods, L.C. (2005). Theory of Tokamak Transport (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA).
An edited book
Bini, G. (2014). Geometric Invariant Theory for Polarized Curves (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Gómez-Ruiz, S., & Hey-Hawkins, E. (2011). Metal Complexes with Anionic Polyphosphorus Chains as Potential Precursors for the Synthesis of Metal Phosphides. In Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences, M. Peruzzini, & L. Gonsalvi, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 85–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Researchers Claim To Have Found Evidence of Dark Matter In Inner Milky Way (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, R.W. (2017). The Optimal Balance of Liberal Education and Career Readiness in the Context of the American Promise: A Critical Analysis of the American Association of Colleges and Universities Liberal Education and America’s Promise Challenge. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. (2012). In New Digital Comics, Each Tap Holds a Surprise. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abramov & Mojzsis, 2009; Giles, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abramov & Mojzsis, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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