How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grant, P. (2002). Is a bell tolling for Bell Labs? Nature 417, 789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forterre, Y., & Dumais, J. (2011). Materials science. Generating helices in nature. Science 333, 1715–1716.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mackenzie, R.B., Dewberry, C.T., & Leopold, K.R. (2015). SULFUR CHEMISTRY. Gas phase observation and microwave spectroscopic characterization of formic sulfuric anhydride. Science 349, 58–61.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Vartiainen, M.K., Guettler, S., Larijani, B., & Treisman, R. (2007). Nuclear actin regulates dynamic subcellular localization and activity of the SRF cofactor MAL. Science 316, 1749–1752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G. (2011). Energy Security (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
(2010). Seizures in Critical Care: A Guide to Diagnosis and Therapeutics (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press).
A chapter in an edited book
Kluza, E., Strijkers, G.J., & Nicolay, K. (2013). Multifunctional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Probes. In Molecular Imaging in Oncology, O. Schober, & B. Riemann, eds. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 151–190.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Biggest Genome Yet Sequenced (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Motor Carriers: Better Information Needed to Assess Effectiveness and Efficiency of Safety Interventions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Kharafi, H.T. (2017). TF-CBT with the Pediatric Medical Population: A Modification. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M., & GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES (2017). Pipeline Again Divides Nebraska. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grant, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Forterre & Dumais, 2011; Grant, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Forterre & Dumais, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Vartiainen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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