How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baylis, F. (2010). Pregnant women deserve better. Nature 465, 689–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farrant, M., & Cull-Candy, S.G. (2010). Neuroscience. AMPA receptors--another twist? Science 327, 1463–1465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A., Zadafiya, P., & Mahalakshmi, R. (2014). Differential contribution of tryptophans to the folding and stability of the attachment invasion locus transmembrane β-barrel from Yersinia pestis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6508.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Gerber, L.R., Runge, M.C., Maloney, R.F., et al. (2018). Endangered species recovery: A resource allocation problem. Science 362, 284–286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Breitmaier, E. (2005). Vom NMR-Spektrum zur Strukturformel organischer Verbindungen (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA).
An edited book
Yin, H. (2009). Optical Code Division Multiple Access Communication Networks: Theory and Applications (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Goubault-Larrecq, J. (2008). Simulation Hemi-metrics between Infinite-State Stochastic Games. In Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 11th International Conference, FOSSACS 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29 - April 6, 2008. Proceedings, R. Amadio, ed. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). To Better Conserve Wildlife, Consider All Kinds Of Animals, Not Just The Ones We Hunt (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). USDA Telecommunications: Missed Opportunities to Save Millions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freedman, R. (2014). Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017). Donated Slides From the Met Get a Second Life, and Viewing. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baylis, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baylis, 2010; Farrant & Cull-Candy, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farrant & Cull-Candy, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerber et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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