How to format your references using the Genes to Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes to Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kratky, C. (2013). A coordinated approach is key for open access. Nature 500, 503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, M.S., & Goldstein, J.L. (2006). Biomedicine. Lowering LDL--not only how low, but how long? Science 311, 1721–1723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M.A., Plotkin, J.B., & Jansen, V.A. (2000). The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404, 495–498.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Rodríguez-Negrete, E.A., Sánchez-Campos, S., Cañizares, M.C., Navas-Castillo, J., Moriones, E., Bejarano, E.R., & Grande-Pérez, A. (2014). A sensitive method for the quantification of virion-sense and complementary-sense DNA strands of circular single-stranded DNA viruses. Sci. Rep. 4, 6438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arifin, S.M.N., Madey, G.R., & Collins, F.H. (2016). Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
(2007). Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience (Boston, MA: Springer US).
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas, Q., van der Weide, E., & Nordström, J. (2010). Energy Stability of the MUSCL Scheme. In Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications 2009: Proceedings of ENUMATH 2009, the 8th European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications, Uppsala, July 2009, G. Kreiss, P. Lötstedt, A. Målqvist, & M. Neytcheva, eds. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes to Cells.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). I Spent The Past Seven Years Counting White Sharks – The Findings Are Troubling (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Validity and Comparability of Quantitative Data Presented by the President’s Council on Integrity and Efficiency on Inspectors General Activities (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar, V.R. (2012). A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sabrina Tavernise With (2000). For the Families, Anger Mixes With Mourning. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kratky, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brown & Goldstein, 2006; Kratky, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown & Goldstein, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Rodríguez-Negrete et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes to Cells
AbbreviationGenes Cells
ISSN (online)1365-2443
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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