How to format your references using the Gene Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J.M., 2014. Scientific writing: the online cooperative. Nature 514, 127–128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatenby, R.A., Maini, P.K., 2003. Mathematical oncology: cancer summed up. Nature 421, 321.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munsky, B., Neuert, G., van Oudenaarden, A., 2012. Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation. Science 336, 183–187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiu, J.C., Kaub, K., Zou, S., Liedo, P., Altamirano-Robles, L., Ingram, D., Carey, J.R., 2013. Deleterious effect of suboptimal diet on rest-activity cycle in Anastrepha ludens manifests itself with age. Sci. Rep. 3, 1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sab, K., Lebée, A., 2015. Homogenization of Heterogeneous Thin and Thick Plates. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boutaba, R., Almeroth, K., Puigjaner, R., Shen, S., Black, J.P. (Eds.), 2005. NETWORKING 2005. Networking Technologies, Services, and Protocols; Performance of Computer and Communication Networks; Mobile and Wireless Communications Systems: 4th International IFIP-TC6 Networking Conference, Waterloo, Canada, May 2-6, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, L., He, S., Yang, D., Wei, Q., 2006. SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF PROTONS AND ELECTRONS ON RADIATION DAMAGE OF METHYL SILICONE RUBBER, in: Kleiman, J.I. (Ed.), PROTECTION OF MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES FROM THE SPACE ENVIRONMENT, Space Technology Proceedings. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Reports.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Spider Masquerades As Bird Poo [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spider-masquerades-bird-poo/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Telecommunications: Broadband Deployment Is Extensive throughout the United States, but It Is Difficult to Assess the Extent of Deployment Gaps in Rural Areas (No. GAO-06-426). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour, B.M., 2014. Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Scott, M., 2016. Apple Chief Angrily Defends Tax Practices Against a ‘Wrongheaded’ Ruling. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gatenby and Maini, 2003; Perkel, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gatenby and Maini, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Reports
AbbreviationGene Rep.
ISSN (print)2452-0144
Scope

Other styles