How to format your references using the Gene Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charo, R.A., 2015. SCIENCE AND GOVERNMENT. Yellow lights for emerging technologies. Science 349, 384–385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reya, T., Clevers, H., 2005. Wnt signalling in stem cells and cancer. Nature 434, 843–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lanzillo, N.A., Kharche, N., Nayak, S.K., 2014. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci. Rep. 4, 3609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siegert, M.J., Ellis-Evans, J.C., Tranter, M., Mayer, C., Petit, J.R., Salamatin, A., Priscu, J.C., 2001. Physical, chemical and biological processes in Lake Vostok and other Antarctic subglacial lakes. Nature 414, 603–609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bromfield, R., 2010. Doing Therapy with Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mola, L., Pennarola, F., Za, S. (Eds.), 2015. From Information to Smart Society: Environment, Politics and Economics, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lisahunter, Emerald, E., Martin, G., 2013. Methodology of Activism in Research, in: Emerald, E., Martin, G. (Eds.), Participatory Activist Research in the Globalised World: Social Change Through the Cultural Professions, Explorations of Educational Purpose. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Reports.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Glass-Based Paint Could Stop Metal Surfaces Getting Too Hot In Sunlight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Ship Acquisitions (No. NSIAD-94-96R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D., 2010. Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tierney, J., 2016. The Perfect Gift? It’s the One They Asked For. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charo, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Charo, 2015; Reya and Clevers, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reya and Clevers, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Siegert et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Reports
AbbreviationGene Rep.
ISSN (print)2452-0144

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