How to format your references using the Current Obesity Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Obesity Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shimono M. Non-uniformity of cell density and networks in the monkey brain. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2541.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ratnieks FLW, Wenseleers T. Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science. 2005;307:54–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Iwamoto M, Matsunaga S, Oiki S. Paradoxical one-ion pore behavior of the long β-helical peptide of marine cytotoxic polytheonamide B. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3636.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Baba D, Maita N, Jee J-G, Uchimura Y, Saitoh H, Sugasawa K, et al. Crystal structure of thymine DNA glycosylase conjugated to SUMO-1. Nature. 2005;435:979–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Prud’Homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in Homogeneous Mixtures. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Baroglio C, Bonatti PA, Małuszyński J, Marchiori M, Polleres A, Schaffert S, editors. Reasoning Web: 4th International Summer School 2008, Venice, Italy, September 7-11, 2008, Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. He Y, Su Y. Silicon-Based Nanoagents for Cancer Therapy. In: Su Y, editor. Silicon Nano-biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Obesity Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Bigger Isn’t Always Better In The World Of Muscle Building. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Practices: Opportunities Exist to Reduce Aircraft Engine Support Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jun. Report No.: NSIAD-91-240.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tuquero JM. A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Detrick B. Glamour and Virtue at Fashion Week Parties. New York Times. 2017 Sep 14;D12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Obesity Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Obes. Rep.
ISSN (online)2162-4968

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