How to format your references using the Current Obesity Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Obesity Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fischer KM. Waning buoyancy in the crustal roots of old mountains. Nature. 2002;417:933–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Racki G, Koeberl C. Comment on “Impact ejecta layer from the mid-Devonian: possible connection to global mass extinctions.” Science. 2004;303:471; author reply 471.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Roy K, Hunt G, Jablonski D. Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves. Science. 2009;325:733–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Postberg F, Kempf S, Schmidt J, Brilliantov N, Beinsen A, Abel B, et al. Sodium salts in E-ring ice grains from an ocean below the surface of Enceladus. Nature. 2009;459:1098–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dorronsoro B, Ruiz P, Danoy G, Pigné Y, Bouvry P. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Tymieniecka A-T, editor. The Enigma of Good and Evil; The Moral Sentiment in Literature. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Luo T, Chen S, Xu G, Zhou J. Sentiment Analysis. In: Chen S, Xu G, Zhou J, editors. Trust-based Collective View Prediction. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Obesity Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How We Found The Source Of The Mystery Signals At The Dish. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs Not Operating Boarding Schools Efficiently. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Feb. Report No.: CED-78-56.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dues PM. Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Putting the Pan in Pan-American. New York Times. 2006 Jan 1;14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Obesity Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Obes. Rep.
ISSN (online)2162-4968

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