How to format your references using the Current Obesity Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Obesity Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Krimsky S. Beware of gifts that come at too great a cost. Nature. 2011;474:129.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Matsuura Y, Stewart M. Structural basis for the assembly of a nuclear export complex. Nature. 2004;432:872–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Patterson D, Schnell M, Doyle JM. Enantiomer-specific detection of chiral molecules via microwave spectroscopy. Nature. 2013;497:475–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang X, Li X, Onuma K, Sogo Y, Ohno T, Ito A. Zn- and Mg- containing tricalcium phosphates-based adjuvants for cancer immunotherapy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hines M. Marketing implant dentistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Ceri S. Web Information Retrieval. Bozzon A, Brambilla M, Della Valle E, Fraternali P, Quarteroni S, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Iwasokun GB, Akinyokun OC, Angaye CO. Spatial Relation Approach to Fingerprint Matching. In: Chen L, Kapoor S, Bhatia R, editors. Intelligent Systems for Science and Information: Extended and Selected Results from the Science and Information Conference 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 87–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Obesity Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Waking Hummingbird Sounds Like It Is Snoring [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-90-39FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wicks CF. The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly K, Haberman M. Condemnation For President By a Top Aide. New York Times. 2017 Aug 25;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Obesity Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Obes. Rep.
ISSN (online)2162-4968

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