How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schulz, L., 2015 Psychology. Infants explore the unexpected. Science 348: 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chudinovskikh, L., and R. Boehler, 2001 High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature 411: 574–577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ismail-Zadeh, A., S. Honda, and I. Tsepelev, 2013 Linking mantle upwelling with the lithosphere descent [corrected] and the Japan Sea evolution: a hypothesis. Sci. Rep. 3: 1137.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Sakurai, G., T. Iizumi, M. Nishimori, and M. Yokozawa, 2014 How much has the increase in atmospheric CO2 directly affected past soybean production? Sci. Rep. 4: 4978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F. B., 2008 Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lenarz, T., and P. Wriggers (Eds.), 2015 Biomedical Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chittenden, F., S. Iancich, and B. Sloan, 2009 Techniques Available for Estimating the Impact of Regulations, pp. 1–17 in Business Regulation and Public Policy: The Costs and Benefits of Compliance, edited by A. Nijsen, J. Hudson, C. Müller, K. Paridon, and R. Thurik. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015 Meet Nature’s Weirdest, Freakiest Vampires. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971 Federal Funds Misused by the School System in Trimble County, Kentucky: U.S. Government Printing Office B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ku, Y., 2010 Dealing with historical issues in Japan and Germany: Ruling coalitions, transnational activism, and conservative reaction [Doctoral dissertation]: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and L. Story, 2011 U.S. Inquiry Said to Focus On a Fund In California. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schulz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chudinovskikh and Boehler 2001; Schulz 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chudinovskikh and Boehler 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sakurai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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