How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLong, E. F., 2012 Evolution. Microbial evolution in the wild. Science 336: 422–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata, G., and G. Struhl, 2014 Developmental biology: Tethered wings. Nature 505: 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pier, H., E. Kapon, and M. Moser, 2000 Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature 407: 880–883.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Imai, T., T. Yamazaki, R. Kobayakawa, K. Kobayakawa, T. Abe et al., 2009 Pre-target axon sorting establishes the neural map topography. Science 325: 585–590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, W. L., and D. K. Whittle, 2010 Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mitra, A. P., and C. Sharma (Eds.), 2010 Global Environmental Changes in South Asia: A Regional Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhary, M., and A. Kumar, 2015 DOM Manipulation with jQuery, pp. 75–98 in Practical jQuery, edited by A. Kumar. Apress, Berkeley, CA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014 Insect Diet May Have Led To Bigger Human Brains. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016 Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-16-661R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexandre, K. M., 2009 Identifying mechanisms regulating Wnt signaling during postembryonic development [Doctoral dissertation]: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Macur, J., 2014 Afterword. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLong 2012).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong 2012; Morata and Struhl 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morata and Struhl 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Imai et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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