How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, A. V., 2011 Hidden depths. Nature 474: 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haq, B. U., and S. R. Schutter, 2008 A chronology of Paleozoic sea-level changes. Science 322: 64–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata, H., M. Nakano, and N. Sugimoto, 2014 Comparable stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick base pairs in ionic liquid choline dihydrogen phosphate. Sci. Rep. 4: 3593.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Drayna, D., A. Manichaikul, M. de Lange, H. Snieder, and T. Spector, 2001 Genetic correlates of musical pitch recognition in humans. Science 291: 1969–1972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, E., and G. Kreysa, 2005 Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Nordenstreng, K., 2016 A History of the International Movement of Journalists: Professionalism Versus Politics (U. J. Björk, F. Beyersdorf, S. Høyer, & E. Lauk, Eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
VanPool, C. S., and T. L. VanPool, 2012 Breath and Being: Contextualizing Object Persons at Paquimé, Chihuahua, Mexico, pp. 87–106 in Archaeology of Spiritualities, edited by K. Rountree, C. Morris, and A. A. D. Peatfield. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014 Wolf Spotted In Grand Canyon For The First Time In 70 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993 Electronic Signature Prototype System: U.S. Government Printing Office AFMD-93-44R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf, F., 2012 Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy [Doctoral dissertation]: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2009 An Homage to France. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Haq and Schutter 2008; Newman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haq and Schutter 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Drayna et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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