How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Singer T (2012) Nutrition: The vitamin D complex. Nature 489:S10-1
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Klausner R, Alonso P (2004) An attack on all fronts. Nature 430:930–931
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vinothkumar KR, Zhu J, Hirst J (2014) Architecture of mammalian respiratory complex I. Nature 515:80–84
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Pedneault E, Galand PE, Potvin M, et al (2014) Archaeal amoA and ureC genes and their transcriptional activity in the Arctic Ocean. Sci Rep 4:4661

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM (2011) The Controller’s Function. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Matsuura K, Fujisaki E (2008) Advances in Information and Computer Security: Third International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2008, Kagawa, Japan, November 25-27, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Argenyi Z, Jokinen CH (2011) Benign Cutaneous Neoplasms with Peripheral Nerve Differentiation. In: Jokinen CH (ed) Cutaneous Neural Neoplasms: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 37–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) It’s Often The Puzzles That Baffle That Go Viral. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2005) DOD and VA: Systematic Data Sharing Would Help Expedite Servicemembers’ Transition to VA Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kemp LS (2013) Perspective processing in language comprehension: Embodied efffects depend on the pronoun. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fandos N, Shear MD (2017) List of Russia Sanctions Is Provided to Congress. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles