How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Ghosts in the machine. Nature 427:867
A journal article with 2 authors
Culjkovic-Kraljacic B, Borden KLB (2010) Cell biology. Puzzled by PML. Science 330:1183–1184
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson WH, Diken EG, Johnson MA (2003) Chemistry. Snapshots of water at work. Science 301:320–321
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Segal E, Fondufe-Mittendorf Y, Chen L, et al (2006) A genomic code for nucleosome positioning. Nature 442:772–778

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei AR (2014) Extended Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Gruca DA, Czachórski T, Kozielski S (2014) Man-Machine Interactions 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hatada I (2010) The Epigenomics of Cancer. In: Cho WCS (ed) An Omics Perspective on Cancer Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Global Warming To Expose More People To Zika-Spreading Mosquito Aedes Aegypti. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Federal Policy, Plans, and Organization for Science and Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger H (2010) Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2011) For Tolstoy and Russia, Still No Happy Ending. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles