How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sagata N (2002) Molecular biology. Untangling checkpoints. Science 298:1905–1907
A journal article with 2 authors
Sininger YS, Cone-Wesson B (2004) Asymmetric cochlear processing mimics hemispheric specialization. Science 305:1581
A journal article with 3 authors
Hollenstein K, Frei DC, Locher KP (2007) Structure of an ABC transporter in complex with its binding protein. Nature 446:213–216
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gizzi AS, Grove TL, Arnold JJ, et al (2018) Publisher Correction: A naturally occurring antiviral ribonucleotide encoded by the human genome. Nature 562:E3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc. (2013) Family Enterprise. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Högselius P (2015) Europe’s Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Liu J, Wang X (2011) Discrete Sliding Mode Control. In: Wang X (ed) Advanced Sliding Mode Control for Mechanical Systems: Design, Analysis and MATLAB Simulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) How To Make A Hurricane On A Bubble. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Higher Education: Gaps in Parents’ and Students’ Knowledge of School Costs and Federal Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rabalais ME (2014) STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Fitzgerald, Princeton and a Thoroughly Fictitious Theft. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles