How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fernald RD (2006) Casting a genetic light on the evolution of eyes. Science 313:1914–1918
A journal article with 2 authors
Pak DTS, Sheng M (2003) Targeted protein degradation and synapse remodeling by an inducible protein kinase. Science 302:1368–1373
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhagen JH, Herfst S, Fouchier RAM (2015) Infectious disease. How a virus travels the world. Science 347:616–617
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gu B, Chang J, Min Y, et al (2013) The role of industrial nitrogen in the global nitrogen biogeochemical cycle. Sci Rep 3:2579

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2011) Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sencar HT, Memon N (2013) Digital Image Forensics: There is More to a Picture than Meets the Eye. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Deleris LA, Erhun F (2011) Quantitative Risk Assessment in Supply Chains: A Case Study Based on Engineering Risk Analysis Concepts. In: Kempf KG, Keskinocak P, Uzsoy R (eds) Planning Production and Inventories in the Extended Enterprise: A State-of-the-Art Handbook, Volume 2. Springer, New York, NY, pp 105–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Prescription Painkillers, Not Marijuana, Are The Gateway Drug To Heroin Addiction Says US Attorney General. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Millennium Challenge Corporation: Results of Transportation Infrastructure Projects in Seven Countries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson AF (2014) Anxiety in the process of individuation. An in-depth psychological study. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Channeling Anger Into Music in a Summer of Discontent. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles