How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muller NZ (2014) Economics. Boosting GDP growth by accounting for the environment. Science 345:873–874
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowland DC, Moser M-B (2015) Neuroscience: A three-dimensional neural compass. Nature 517:156–157
A journal article with 3 authors
Rauzi M, Lenne P-F, Lecuit T (2010) Planar polarized actomyosin contractile flows control epithelial junction remodelling. Nature 468:1110–1114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lavallo V, Canac Y, Donnadieu B, et al (2006) Cyclopropenylidenes: from interstellar space to an isolated derivative in the laboratory. Science 312:722–724

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins CA, Simpkins AM (2011) Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wiederhold BK (2014) Advances in Virtual Reality and Anxiety Disorders. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng K, Zhang L, Xiang W, Wang W (2016) Resource Allocation in Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks. In: Zhang L, Xiang W, Wang W (eds) Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Watch This Amphibian Eat Its Mother Alive. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Johnstown Area Flood of 1977: A Case Study for the Future. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pockross AF (2010) Campbell, Turner and dog training in Adam Freeman Pockross’s “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS (2017) In a Private Dinner, Trump Demanded Loyalty. Comey Demurred. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles