How to format your references using the BioEnergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioEnergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2004) Mental barriers. Nature 429:785
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wohlers A, Wood BJ (2015) A Mercury-like component of early Earth yields uranium in the core and high mantle (142)Nd. Nature 520:337–340
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scholl JA, Koh AL, Dionne JA (2012) Quantum plasmon resonances of individual metallic nanoparticles. Nature 483:421–427
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Javey A, Guo J, Wang Q, et al (2003) Ballistic carbon nanotube field-effect transistors. Nature 424:654–657

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McGuiggan P (2005) GPRS in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Araújo V (2010) Three-Dimensional Flows. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fuhr N (2014) Bridging Information Retrieval and Databases. In: Ferro N (ed) Bridging Between Information Retrieval and Databases: PROMISE Winter School 2013, Bressanone, Italy, February 4-8, 2013. Revised Tutorial Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioEnergy Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Genome Sequencing Mountain Gorillas Reveals The Genetic Impact Of Inbreeding. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genome-sequencing-mountain-gorillas-reveals-genetic-impact-inbreeding/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Consolidated Student Loans: Borrowers Benefit but Costs to Them and the Government Grow. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bono S (2013) Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Isaac M (2017) Uber’s Use of ‘Greyball’ Tool to Evade Authorities Spurs U.S. Inquiry. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioEnergy Research
AbbreviationBioenergy Res.
ISSN (print)1939-1234
ISSN (online)1939-1242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Energy (miscellaneous)
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles