How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant-Microbe Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant-Microbe Interaction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mishra, J. (2014). Having it all. Science 345, 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright, S. I., and Barrett, S. C. H. (2010). Evolution. The long-term benefits of self-rejection. Science 330, 459–460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarrete, A., van Schaik, C. P., and Isler, K. (2011). Energetics and the evolution of human brain size. Nature 480, 91–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Christiaen, L., Davidson, B., Kawashima, T., Powell, W., Nolla, H., Vranizan, K., et al. (2008). The transcription/migration interface in heart precursors of Ciona intestinalis. Science 320, 1349–1352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln, N. B., Kneebone, I. I., Macniven, J. A. B., and Morris, R. C. (2011). Psychological Management of Stroke. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zohdi, T. I., and Wriggers, P. eds. (2005). An Introduction to Computational Micromechanics: Corrected Second Printing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamano, H., Hongo, C., Sugihara, K., Yara, Y., Nakao, Y., and Fujii, M. (2014). “Current Status of the National Coral Database in Japan: Dataset Development, Applications, and Future Directions,” in Integrative Observations and Assessments Ecological Research Monographs., eds. S.-I. Nakano, T. Yahara, and T. Nakashizuka (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant-Microbe Interaction.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). The Toba Supervolcano Has A Bigger Underground Magma Chamber Than Yellowstone. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Aviation Repair Stations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, N. (2012). Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016). Ethel M. Smyth, Opera Composer, Met a Chorus of Critical Disdain in 1903. New York Times, C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mishra, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mishra, 2014; Wright and Barrett, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wright and Barrett, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Christiaen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant-Microbe Interaction
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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