How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckman, J. J. (2006). Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children. Science 312, 1900–1902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birks, H. J. B., and Birks, H. H. (2004). Paleoecology. The rise and fall of forests. Science 305, 484–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velicer, G. J., Kroos, L., and Lenski, R. E. (2000). Developmental cheating in the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature 404, 598–601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, T.-R., Choi, M., Kopacz, A. M., Yun, S.-H., Liu, W. K., and Decuzzi, P. (2013). On the near-wall accumulation of injectable particles in the microcirculation: smaller is not better. Sci. Rep. 3, 2079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R. L. (2005). Fundamentals of Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Santos, J. E. (2016). Numerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics. , ed. P. M. Gauzellino Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, J. G., and Fritz, L. W. (2012). “Mission-Driven Business Schools,” in Two Centuries of Local Autonomy, ed. J. G. Backhaus (New York, NY: Springer), 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Physiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). The Sharp-Shooting Skills of Archerfish Were Driven by Competition. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Results of EDP Auditor Reader Survey on Microcomputers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrada, M. I. (2012). A community risk assessment of the 90806 zip code.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, L. (2012). Long Divisions. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Birks and Birks, 2004; Heckman, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birks and Birks, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles