How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fei Y. Geophysics. Melting Earth’s core. Science (2013) 340:442–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lollar BS, McCollom TM. Geochemistry: biosignatures and abiotic constraints on early life. Nature (2006) 444:E18; discussion E18-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bogorad IW, Lin T-S, Liao JC. Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature (2013) 502:693–697.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Sobolev SV, Nikogosian IK. An olivine-free mantle source of Hawaiian shield basalts. Nature (2005) 434:590–597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abu-Jamous B, Fa R, Nandi AK. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2015).
An edited book
1.
Kim T-H, Adeli H, Ramos C, Kang B-H eds. Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition: International Conference, SIP 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2011). XIV, 450 p. 265 illus., 120 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bani-Ahmad S, Ozsoyoglu G. “Improved Publication Scores for Online Digital Libraries Via Research Pyramids.,” In: Kovács L, Fuhr N, Meghini C, editors. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2007). p. 50–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Will The Barrier Reef Recover From The Death Of One-Third Of Its Northern Corals? IFLScience (2016) https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-will-barrier-reef-recover-death-one-third-its-northern-corals/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2004).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kingston SE. Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones. [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. In the Age of Reality TV, a Best-Selling Author Calls In Real-Life Heroes. New York Times (2017)A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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