How to format your references using the Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Clausen, Man, machine and in between, Nature. 457 (2009) 1080–1081.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Titantah, M. Karttunen, Water dynamics: relation between hydrogen bond bifurcations, molecular jumps, local density & hydrophobicity, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2991.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.C. Hay Burgess, J. Wasserman, C.A. Dahl, Global health diagnostics, Nature. 444 Suppl 1 (2006) 1–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Liu, T. Jiang, B. Han, S. Liang, Y. Zhou, Selective phenol hydrogenation to cyclohexanone over a dual supported Pd-Lewis acid catalyst, Science. 326 (2009) 1250–1252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Yamarone, The Trader’s Guide to Key Economic Indicators, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
W. Quan, INS/CNS/GNSS Integrated Navigation Technology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Boer, A. Hoek, H. Elzerman, Social Desirability: Consumer Aspects, in: H. Aiking, J. de Boer, J. Vereijken (Eds.), Sustainable Protein Production and Consumption: Pigs or Peas?, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 99–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series.

Blog post
D. Andrew, There Are 14 Wild Orange-Bellied Parrots Left – This Summer Is Our Last Chance To Save Them, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit: Many Management Successes at WMATA, but Capital Planning Could Be Enhanced, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.T. Schluter, Hearing words without structure: Subliminal speech priming and the organization of the Moroccan Arabic lexicon, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times, New York Times. (2015) C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series
AbbreviationForensic Sci. Int. Genet. Suppl. Ser.
ISSN (print)1875-1768
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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