How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leach, M. (2007). Accommodating dissent. Nature 450, 483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilfanov, M., and Bogdán, A. (2010). An upper limit on the contribution of accreting white dwarfs to the type Ia supernova rate. Nature 463, 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, D. G., Burdick, J. A., and Langer, R. (2004). Materials science. Smart biomaterials. Science 305, 1923–1924.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gasparini, F., Caicci, F., Rigon, F., Zaniolo, G., and Manni, L. (2014). Testing an unusual in vivo vessel network model: a method to study angiogenesis in the colonial tunicate Botryllus schlosseri. Sci. Rep. 4, 6460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell, T. (2016). From World City to the World in One City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Younas, M., Awan, I., and Mecella, M. eds. (2015). Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems: 12th International Conference, MobiWis 2015, Rome, Italy, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishibuchi, H., and Nojima, Y. (2009). “Multiobjective Genetic Fuzzy Systems,” in Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence Intelligent Systems Reference Library., eds. C. L. Mumford and L. C. Jain (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 131–173.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). US Drug Policy Is Contributing To The Spread Of HIV Among African Americans. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Environmental Protection: Solving NASA’s Current Problems Requires Agencywide Emphasis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romanek, J. L. (2009). The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 139.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leach, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Leach, 2007; Gilfanov and Bogdán, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gilfanov and Bogdán, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Gasparini et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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