How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry, B. (2013). Teacherpreneurs: a bold brand of teacher leadership for 21st-century teaching and learning. Science 340, 309–310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, P. J., and Zahn, L. M. (2012). Plant metabolism. Green pathways. Introduction. Science 336, 1657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Li, H., and Sheng, Y. (2014). Effects of reciprocity on random walks in weighted networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7460.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rösler, C., Köck, J., Malim, M. H., Blum, H. E., and von Weizsäcker, F. (2004). Comment on “Inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication by APOBEC3G.” Science 305, 1403; author reply 1403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., and McShane, E. J. (1988). Differential and Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Swamee, P. K. (2015). Design of Canals. , ed. B. R. Chahar New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunn, D. H., Johnson, E. M., Kemp, K., Ganz, R., Leon, S., and Banerji, N. (2014). “Robotic Assisted Operations for Gastroesophageal Reflux,” in Robotics in General Surgery, ed. K. C. Kim (New York, NY: Springer), 33–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Growing Up With A Dog Could Lower Risk Of Developing Asthma. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, R. (2017). Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N., and MacKENNA, E. (2016). Doomed Jet’s Pilot Said to Have Reported ‘Fuel Emergency.’ New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berry, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hines and Zahn, 2012; Berry, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hines and Zahn, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rösler et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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