How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krimsky, S. (2011). Beware of gifts that come at too great a cost. Nature 474, 129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolpert, L., and Szathmáry, E. (2002). Multicellularity: evolution and the egg. Nature 420, 745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, A., Bobisch, C., and Möller, R. (2007). Ballistic electron microscopy of individual molecules. Science 315, 1824–1828.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, J., Ning, Y., Hedley, W., Saunders, B., Chen, Y., Tindill, N., et al. (2002). The Molecule Pages database. Nature 420, 716–717.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferra, R. (2011). Logic for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Delle Fave, A. ed. (2013). The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Moss, S. (2009). “Talking about ABSS: Functional Descriptions of Models,” in Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006, Brescia, Italy, October 5-6, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. F. Squazzoni (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015). A Hen Laid A Giant Egg With Something Pretty Strange Inside. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Review of NASA Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter, J. (2010). Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vaissié, C. (2017). Can Putin influence the French election? New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krimsky, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Krimsky, 2011; Wolpert and Szathmáry, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolpert and Szathmáry, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuro-Ophthalmology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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