How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silvius, J. (2012). Cell biology. Membrane bending tug of war. Science 335, 1308–1309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthews, H. D., and Solomon, S. (2013). Atmosphere. Irreversible does not mean unavoidable. Science 340, 438–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, G. C., Du, F., and Varshavsky, A. (2000). Peptides accelerate their uptake by activating a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway. Nature 405, 579–583.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schultz, D., Lu, M., Stavropoulos, T., Onuchic, J., and Ben-Jacob, E. (2013). Turning oscillations into opportunities: lessons from a bacterial decision gate. Sci. Rep. 3, 1668.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad, B. K., Shrivastava, D., and Kulkarni, M. S. (2016). Machine Tool Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kennedy, A. (2011). Pro CSS for High Traffic Websites. , ed. I. de León Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Hans, E. W., and Vanberkel, P. T. (2012). “Operating Theatre Planning and Scheduling,” in Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., ed. R. Hall (Boston, MA: Springer US), 105–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). The Paris Climate Change Agreement Was Officially Activated Today. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carroll, W. E. (2017). Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Kelly With (1992). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Detective for Perot Describes Inquiry Into a Rival Business. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silvius, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Matthews and Solomon, 2013; Silvius, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthews and Solomon, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schultz et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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