How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenwood, B. (2004). Between hope and a hard place. Nature 430, 926–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Czakó, G., and Bowman, J. M. (2011). Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science 334, 343–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lewis, S. L., Edwards, D. P., and Galbraith, D. (2015). Increasing human dominance of tropical forests. Science 349, 827–832.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Snyder, J., Slusky, J. S., Cava, R. J., and Schiffer, P. (2001). How “spin ice” freezes. Nature 413, 48–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, A. E. (2011). Immunology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rajpal, V. R., Rao, S. R., and Raina, S. N. eds. (2016). Molecular Breeding for Sustainable Crop Improvement: Volume 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Zirah, S., and Rebuffat, S. (2015). “Biosynthesis, Regulation and Export of Lasso Peptides,” in Lasso Peptides: Bacterial Strategies to Make and Maintain Bioactive Entangled Scaffolds SpringerBriefs in Microbiology., eds. S. Zirah and S. Rebuffat (New York, NY: Springer), 81–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). This 3D Printer Uses Glass For Ink. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Medicare: Information Systems Modernization Needs Stronger Management and Support. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat, T. P. (2008). Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). The Bunker, an Orphan, Finds a Temporary Home. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenwood, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greenwood, 2004; Czakó and Bowman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Czakó and Bowman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Snyder et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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