How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basnyat, B. (2015). Tackle Nepal’s typhoid problem now. Nature 524, 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughn, D., and Strathmann, R. R. (2008). Predators induce cloning in echinoderm larvae. Science 319, 1503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, N., Ji, A., and Cao, Z. (2013). Nearly constant electrical resistance over large temperature range in Cu3NMx (M = Cu, Ag, Au) compounds. Sci. Rep. 3, 3090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wunderlich, T., Akgenc, B., Eckern, U., Schuster, C., and Schwingenschlögl, U. (2013). Modified Li chains as atomic switches. Sci. Rep. 3, 2605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P. J., and Kennedy, J. E. (2005). Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Antsaklis, P. J. (2006). Linear Systems. , ed. A. N. Michel Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Heckel, R., and Torrini, P. (2010). “Stochastic Modelling and Simulation of Mobile Systems,” in Graph Transformations and Model-Driven Engineering: Essays Dedicated to Manfred Nagl on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. G. Engels, C. Lewerentz, W. Schäfer, A. Schürr, and B. Westfechtel (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 87–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Successfully Reverse Emotions Associated With Memory. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueck, K. (2017). Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015). Science, Lost in a Legal Maze. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basnyat, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vaughn and Strathmann, 2008; Basnyat, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaughn and Strathmann, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wunderlich et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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