How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gothelf, K. V. (2012). Materials science. LEGO-like DNA structures. Science 338, 1159–1160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-H., and Kim, C. F. (2014). Developmental biology. Mesenchymal progenitor panoply. Science 346, 810–811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scherer, E., Munker, C., and Mezger, K. (2001). Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science 293, 683–687.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gómez-Gutiérrez, J., Peterson, W. T., De Robertis, A., and Brodeur, R. D. (2003). Mass mortality of krill caused by parasitoid ciliates. Science 301, 339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geyer, T. (2016). Model Predictive Control of High Power Convertersand Industrial Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L., and Tan, C. J. K. eds. (2016). Transactions on Computational Science XXVII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, W., Chen, L., Jie, J., Zhao, Y., and Zhang, J. (2012). “A Novel Multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Flow Shop Scheduling Problems,” in Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. D.-S. Huang, Y. Gan, P. Gupta, and M. M. Gromiha (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). What Is The MERS Outbreak In South Korea? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Student Loans: Potential Effects of Raising Statutory Audit Threshold. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kunihiro, A. G. (2014). The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012). American Withdraws After Positive Drug Test. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gothelf, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gothelf, 2012; Lee and Kim, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Kim, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gómez-Gutiérrez et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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