How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berthoud, H.-R. (2013). Medicine. Why does gastric bypass surgery work? Science 341, 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, A., and Sooryakumar, R. (2013). Patterned time-orbiting potentials for the confinement and assembly of magnetic dipoles. Sci. Rep. 3, 3124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis, S. J., Caldeira, K., and Matthews, H. D. (2010). Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science 329, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Curran, M. A. J., van Ommen, T. D., Morgan, V. I., Phillips, K. L., and Palmer, A. S. (2003). Ice core evidence for Antarctic sea ice decline since the 1950s. Science 302, 1203–1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi, T. E., Valenciano, A., Bowles, M., Cowell, R., Tyler, R., and DeNicola, D. B. (2017). Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Katz, M. (2011). Practical RichFaces. Second Edition. , ed. I. Shaikovsky Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Shand, R. F., and Leyva, K. J. (2007). “Peptide and Protein Antibiotics from the Domain Archaea: Halocins and Sulfolobicins,” in Bacteriocins: Ecology and Evolution, eds. M. A. Riley and M. A. Chavan (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 93–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). The Beetle That’s Whiter Than Paper. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). [Comments on Special Legislative Provision Concerning Compensation for Reemployed Retired Air Traffic Controllers]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, L. (2017). Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017). Next Act for an Editor Silver of Tongue (and Hair). New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berthoud, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berthoud, 2013; Chen and Sooryakumar, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Sooryakumar, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Curran et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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