How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peto, J. (2001). Cancer epidemiology in the last century and the next decade. Nature 411, 390–395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Renaud, P., and Leong, P. (2008). Chemistry. A light touch catalyzes asymmetric carbon-carbon bond formation. Science 322, 55–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamas-Linares, A., Howell, J. C., and Bouwmeester, D. (2001). Stimulated emission of polarization-entangled photons. Nature 412, 887–890.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, H., Du, F., Chen, G., Streckenbach, F., Yasmeen, A., Zhao, Y., et al. (2014). Template-directed chemical ligation to obtain 3’-3’ and 5’-5’ phosphodiester DNA linkages. Sci. Rep. 4, 4595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, R. B. (2011). 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berghammer, R., Möller, B., and Struth, G. eds. (2008). Relations and Kleene Algebra in Computer Science: 10th International Conference on Relational Methods in Computer Science, and 5th International Conference on Applications of Kleene Algebra, RelMiCS/AKA 2008, Frauenwörth, Germany, April 7-11, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Colonna, S., Folco, G., and Marangoni, F. (2013). “Le proteine,” in I cibi della salute: Le basi chimiche di una corretta alimentazione, eds. G. Folco and F. Marangoni (Milano: Springer), 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). A Rough Guide To Spotting Bad Science. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Army Needs Better Data To Develop Policies for Sole and Inservice Parents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalcin, D. (2008). A comparison of the Children’s Functional Assessment Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist used in a wraparound program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). Many Yearn to Put Some Distance Between Themselves and Their Memories. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peto, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Peto, 2001; Renaud and Leong, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Renaud and Leong, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Structural Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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