How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spoor, F. (2015). Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded. Nature 521, 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canadell, J. G., and Raupach, M. R. (2008). Managing forests for climate change mitigation. Science 320, 1456–1457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alle, H., Roth, A., and Geiger, J. R. P. (2009). Energy-efficient action potentials in hippocampal mossy fibers. Science 325, 1405–1408.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shine, R., Phillips, B., Waye, H., LeMaster, M., and Mason, R. T. (2001). Benefits of female mimicry in snakes. Nature 414, 267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2014). The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Li, K., Xiao, Z., Wang, Y., Du, J., and Li, K. eds. (2014). Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics: 25th International Conference, ParCFD 2013, Changsha, China, May 20-24, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dobson, S., Delaney, K., Razeeb, K. M., and Tsvetkov, S. (2005). “A Co-designed Hardware/Software Architecture for Augmented Materials,” in Mobility Aware Technologies and Applications: Second International Workshop, MATA 2005, Montreal, Canada, October 17-19, 2005. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. T. Magedanz, A. Karmouch, S. Pierre, and I. Venieris (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). American Astronauts Drink Their Pee - But Russians Refuse. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). School Meal Programs: Estimated Costs for Three Administrative Processes at Selected Locations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, J. (2009). Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leguizamo, J. (2016). ‘Too Bad You’re Latin.’ New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spoor, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Canadell and Raupach, 2008; Spoor, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Canadell and Raupach, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Shine et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles