How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corbyn, Z. (2014). Statistics: a growing global burden. Nature 510, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trent, J. M., and Touchman, J. W. (2007). Cancer. The gene topography of cancer. Science 318, 1079–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gros, J., Serralbo, O., and Marcelle, C. (2009). WNT11 acts as a directional cue to organize the elongation of early muscle fibres. Nature 457, 589–593.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown, S., Janssen, M., Adumitroaie, V., Atreya, S., Bolton, S., Gulkis, S., et al. (2018). Prevalent lightning sferics at 600 megahertz near Jupiter’s poles. Nature 558, 87–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, R. E., Sharp, J. M., Doss, S. D., and Vanderford, D. A. (2016). Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Herkenhoff, L. (2013). Applied Statistics for Business and Management using Microsoft Excel. , ed. J. Fogli New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Penprase, B. (2016). “New Liberal Arts and Sciences Institutions in India and Singapore: The Role of STEM Education,” in Experiences in Liberal Arts and Science Education from America, Europe, and Asia: A Dialogue across Continents, eds. W. C. Kirby and M. C. van der Wende (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Watch The Antares Rocket Launch Live. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Army’s FY 1980 Programs for Procuring Conventional Ammunition, Modernization, and Expansion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman, D. S. (2017). “Stroke Your Thoroughbreds and Kick Your Donkeys”: Power and the Secondary Administrative Distribution of Teaching Assignments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). List of Weak Schools Claims 2, Removes One. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhattacharjee, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Clement, 2002; de Boer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trent and Touchman, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Solomon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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