How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowie, J. U. (2013). Structural biology. Membrane protein twists and turns. Science 339, 398–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luk, Y.-Y., and Abbott, N. L. (2003). Surface-driven switching of liquid crystals using redox-active groups on electrodes. Science 301, 623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Portmann, O., Vaterlaus, A., and Pescia, D. (2003). An inverse transition of magnetic domain patterns in ultrathin films. Nature 422, 701–704.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu, J.-X., Wen, X.-D., Haraldsen, J. T., He, M., Panagopoulos, C., and Chia, E. E. M. (2014). Induced ferromagnetism at BiFeO3/YBa2Cu3O7 interfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 5368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, J. Y. F. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Almeida, A., Castro, L., and Speck, F.-O. eds. (2013). Advances in Harmonic Analysis and Operator Theory: The Stefan Samko Anniversary Volume. Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Soto, M. E., Pezoa, J. E., and Torres, S. N. (2011). “Thermal Noise Estimation and Removal in MRI: A Noise Cancellation Approach,” in Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 16th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2011, Pucón, Chile, November 15-18, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. C. San Martin and S.-W. Kim (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 47–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Triple-Breasted Claim Demonstrates Internet Gullibility Again. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colchero Dorado, R. (2008). Recovering memory in Jordi Soler’s “Los rojos de ultramar.”

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009). Fire Up the Grill. New York Times, NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowie, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Luk and Abbott, 2003; Bowie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luk and Abbott, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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