How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Germain, R. N. (2001). The art of the probable: system control in the adaptive immune system. Science 293, 240–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, W. L., and Grinstein, S. (2004). Immunology. The tangled webs that neutrophils weave. Science 303, 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galdi, S., Arcuri, L., and Gawronski, B. (2008). Automatic mental associations predict future choices of undecided decision-makers. Science 321, 1100–1102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu, W., Liu, Y., Wang, S., McDonald, T., Van Eyk, J. E., Sidor, A., et al. (2002). Cytoprotective role of Ca2+- activated K+ channels in the cardiac inner mitochondrial membrane. Science 298, 1029–1033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, W. F. (2005). Verilog Coding for Logic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aitchison, A. (2009). Expert SQL Server 2008 Development. , ed. A. Machanic Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Warrier, S. B., and Kharkar, P. S. (2016). “Inverse Virtual Screening in Drug Repositioning: Detailed Investigation and Case Studies,” in Crystallizing Ideas – The Role of Chemistry, eds. P. Ramasami, M. Gupta Bhowon, S. Jhaumeer Laulloo, and H. Li Kam Wah (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Identifying And Overcoming Depression. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, B. C. (2009). A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pear, R., and Kelly, K. (2017). Trump Concedes Health Overhaul Is a Thorny Task. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Germain, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Germain, 2001; Lee and Grinstein, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Grinstein, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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