How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bretag, A. H. (2007). Stem cell treatment of dystrophic dogs. Nature 450, E23; discussion E23-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhosale, S. V., and Bhosale, S. V. (2013). Yoctowells as a simple model system for the encapsulation and controlled release of bioactive molecules. Sci. Rep. 3, 1982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, J., Weiske, A., and Berger, F. (2013). Thunderbolt in biogeochemistry: galvanic effects of lightning as another source for metal remobilization. Sci. Rep. 3, 3122.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zimborás, Z., Faccin, M., Kádár, Z., Whitfield, J. D., Lanyon, B. P., and Biamonte, J. (2013). Quantum transport enhancement by time-reversal symmetry breaking. Sci. Rep. 3, 2361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R. B., Breckon, T. P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., et al. (2016). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hofmann, E. (2013). The Supply Chain Differentiation Guide: A Roadmap to Operational Excellence. , eds. P. Beck and E. Füger Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramtal, D., and Dobre, A. (2011). “Basic Physics Concepts,” in The Essential Guide to Physics for Flash Games, Animation, and Simulations, ed. A. Dobre (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 91–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). How Long Would It Take To Fall Through The Center Of The Earth? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: National Weather Service Modernization and Weather Satellite Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wall, J. D. (2017). The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Town of Oyster Bay Seeks To Develop Waterfront Plan. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bretag, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bretag, 2007; Bhosale and Bhosale, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhosale and Bhosale, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zimborás et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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