How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heki, K. (2011). Geophysics. A tale of two earthquakes. Science 332, 1390–1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivenbark, A. G., and Strahl, B. D. (2007). Molecular biology. Unlocking cell fate. Science 318, 403–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., Puchtel, I. S., and Walker, R. J. (2015). Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature 520, 530–533.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bhanu, U., Islam, M. R., Tetard, L., and Khondaker, S. I. (2014). Photoluminescence quenching in gold - MoS2 hybrid nanoflakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, B. R., and Bolen, E. G. (2015). Ecology of North America. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, K. R. (2011). Handbook of Non-Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease. , eds. P. Martinez-Martin, P. Odin, and A. Antonini Heidelberg: Springer Healthcare UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Baracca, A., and Franconi, R. (2016). “Reaching a Critical Mass and Laying the Foundations of an Advanced Scientific System,” in Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba’s Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014 SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology., ed. R. Franconi (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Rosetta Scientists Optimistic Philae Could Wake Up Early Next Year. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Athletic Department Profiles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Noll, R. T. (2009). Physician acceptance of Computerized Physician Order Entry in outpatient settings: A quantitative analysis of family medicine within Maricopa County, Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). A Smaller Garage Still Looms Large to Some. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heki, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007; Heki, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhanu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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