How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sweatt, J. D. (2010). Neuroscience. Epigenetics and cognitive aging. Science 328, 701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yusufzai, T., and Kadonaga, J. T. (2008). HARP is an ATP-driven annealing helicase. Science 322, 748–750.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, J., Virovets, A. V., and Scheer, M. (2003). Synthesis of inorganic fullerene-like molecules. Science 300, 781–783.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xin, X., Wan, Y., Wang, W., Yin, G., McLamore, E. S., and Lu, X. (2013). A real-time, non-invasive, micro-optrode technique for detecting seed viability by using oxygen influx. Sci. Rep. 3, 3057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf, F. C. (2011). Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gan, Z. (2011). Visual Sensing and its Applications: Integration of Laser Sensors to Industrial Robots. , ed. Q. Tang Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Solomakhin, R., Tsang, P., and Smith, S. (2010). “High Security with Low Latency in Legacy SCADA Systems,” in Critical Infrastructure Protection IV: Fourth Annual IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, ICCIP 2010, Washington, DC, USA, March 15-17, 2010, Revised Selected Papers IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology., eds. T. Moore and S. Shenoi (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Woman Gives Birth After Having Frozen Ovarian Tissue Re-Implanted In UK First. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Freight Railroads: Highlights of GAO Report on Freight Rail Industry Performance, Competition, and Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klepper, E. M. (2017). Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donadio, R. (2017). Russian Artist to Seek Asylum in France. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sweatt, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Yusufzai and Kadonaga, 2008; Sweatt, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yusufzai and Kadonaga, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular and Cellular Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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