How to format your references using the Frontiers in Livestock Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Livestock Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. (2006). Protein purification: protein purification for structural proteomics. Nature 439, 1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gantz, V. M., and Bier, E. (2015). Genome editing. The mutagenic chain reaction: a method for converting heterozygous to homozygous mutations. Science 348, 442–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ranganathan, R., Cannon, S. C., and Horvitz, H. R. (2000). MOD-1 is a serotonin-gated chloride channel that modulates locomotory behaviour in C. elegans. Nature 408, 470–475.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pereira, H. M., Leadley, P. W., Proença, V., Alkemade, R., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J. F., et al. (2010). Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century. Science 330, 1496–1501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Likhtenshtein, G. (2012). Solar Energy Conversion. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ulivi, P. (2009). Robotic Exploration of the Solar System: Part 2:Hiatus and Renewal 1983–1996. , ed. D. M. Harland New York, NY: Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
Yee, J. (2006). “Patient Preparation for CT Colonography,” in Virtual Colonoscopy: A Practical Guide Medical Radiology., eds. P. Lefere and S. Gryspeerdt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 23–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Livestock Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). From Flapper To Flipper: How The Penguin Lost Its Flight. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/flapper-flipper-how-penguin-lost-its-flight/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980). Space Industrialization Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuite, J. (2006). Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Three East Antarctic Outlet Glaciers and Their Floating Ice Tongues.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. (2017). Paul Ryan’s Discontent. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Gantz and Bier, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gantz and Bier, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Pereira et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Livestock Genomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Medicine
Genetics(clinical)

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