How to format your references using the Frontiers in Language Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Language Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2012). Public health: Prevention comes of age. Nature 488, S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Say, R. F., and Fuchs, G. (2010). Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase/phosphatase may be an ancestral gluconeogenic enzyme. Nature 464, 1077–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., Langston, R., and Morris, R. G. M. (2003). Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature 424, 205–209.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He, L., Wu, X.-S., Mohan, R., and Wu, L.-G. (2006). Two modes of fusion pore opening revealed by cell-attached recordings at a synapse. Nature 444, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segura, J., and Hawkins, C. F. (2005). CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Walsh, S. J., and Mena, C. F. eds. (2013). Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, L., and Wu, C.-K. (2006). “Authenticated Group Key Agreement for Multicast,” in Cryptology and Network Security: 5th International Conference, CANS 2006, Suzhou, China, December 8-10, 2006. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. D. Pointcheval, Y. Mu, and K. Chen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Language Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Mysterious Luminous Blob Is A Giant Galaxy Waiting To Form. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/mysterious-luminous-blob-is-a-giant-galaxy-waiting-to-form/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Government-Wide Guidelines and Management Assistance Center Needed To Improve ADP Systems Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade, S. (2017). Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008). Art? Design? You Make the Call. New York Times, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Say and Fuchs, 2010; Eisenstein, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Say and Fuchs, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Language Sciences
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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