How to format your references using the Frontiers in Language Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Language Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blázquez, M. A. (2005). Plant science. The right time and place for making flowers. Science 309, 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venters, B. J., and Pugh, B. F. (2013). Genomic organization of human transcription initiation complexes. Nature 502, 53–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartl, T. A., Smith, H. F., and Bosco, G. (2008). Chromosome alignment and transvection are antagonized by condensin II. Science 322, 1384–1387.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu, L., Liu, J., Wu, K., Klein, T., Jiang, Y., and Wang, J.-P. (2014). Evaluation of hyperthermia of magnetic nanoparticles by dehydrating DNA. Sci. Rep. 4, 7216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard, M. (2011). SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Klein, G. L. ed. (2014). Bone Drugs in Pediatrics: Efficacy and Challenges. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Werth, G., Gheorghe, V. N., and Major, F. G. (2009). “Optical Spectroscopy,” in Charged Particle Traps II: Applications Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics., eds. V. N. Gheorghe and F. G. Major (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 129–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Language Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Automatic Sperm Extractor Introduced Into A Chinese Hospital. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Telecommunications: Telephone Slamming and Its Harmful Effects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles, N. M. (2014). The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Thames, Schooled In the Yankee Way, Plays His Role. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blázquez, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Blázquez, 2005; Venters and Pugh, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venters and Pugh, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Language Sciences
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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