How to format your references using the Frontiers in Language Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Language Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, M. S. (2009). Opening education. Science 323, 89–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rushton, M. J. D., and Chroneos, A. (2014). Impact of uniaxial strain and doping on oxygen diffusion in CeO2. Sci. Rep. 4, 6068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue, H., Lay, T., and Koper, K. D. (2012). En échelon and orthogonal fault ruptures of the 11 April 2012 great intraplate earthquakes. Nature 490, 245–249.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hatfield, S. D., Shcherbata, H. R., Fischer, K. A., Nakahara, K., Carthew, R. W., and Ruohola-Baker, H. (2005). Stem cell division is regulated by the microRNA pathway. Nature 435, 974–978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell, T. (2016). From World City to the World in One City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, L. (2010). Modeling Biomolecular Networks in Cells: Structures and Dynamics. , eds. R. Wang, C. Li, and K. Aihara London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neuman, T. (2006). “Positional and Restraint Asphyxia,” in Sudden Deaths in Custody Forensic Science and Medicine., eds. D. L. Ross and T. C. Chan (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Language Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). This Black Hole Has Been Eating A Star For 10 Years, Longer Than Any Observed Before. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna, S. (2017). Pediatric Pal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013). A Stadium In Queens Is No Walk In the Park. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rushton and Chroneos, 2014; Smith, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rushton and Chroneos, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hatfield et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Language Sciences
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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