How to format your references using the Frontiers in Forensic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Forensic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto, A. (2000). Crowded universities cramp more than just students’ style. Nature 404, 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville, S., and Hall, A. (2002). Rho GTPases in cell biology. Nature 420, 629–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reznick, D. N., Mateos, M., and Springer, M. S. (2002). Independent origins and rapid evolution of the placenta in the fish genus Poeciliopsis. Science 298, 1018–1020.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, X. B., Yang, X., Nicholas, J. B., and Wang, L. S. (2001). Bulk-like features in the photoemission spectra of hydrated doubly charged anion clusters. Science 294, 1322–1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H. A., Reuben, B. G., and Plotkin, J. S. (2012). Industrial Organic Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fülöp, Z., Gyürky, G., and Somorjai, E. eds. (2006). The 2nd International Conference on Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics: Refereed and selected contributions Debrecen, Hungary May 16–20, 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
HaCohen-Kerner, Y., Kass, A., and Peretz, A. (2008). “Abbreviation Disambiguation: Experiments with Various Variants of the One Sense per Discourse Hypothesis,” in Natural Language and Information Systems: 13th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2008 London, UK, June 24-27, 2008 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. E. Kapetanios, V. Sugumaran, and M. Spiliopoulou (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Forensic Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Watch A Gold Bar Get Crushed By A Hydraulic Press. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, L. V. (2017). Oxidation Effects on the Magnetic Properties of Iron Phthalocyanine Thin Films.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldman, A., Tabuchi, H., and Ewing, J. (2017). F.B.I. Arrests Volkswagen Executive on Conspiracy Charges in Emissions Cheating Scandal. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yamamoto, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne-Manneville and Hall, 2002; Yamamoto, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville and Hall, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Forensic Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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