How to format your references using the Archives Animal Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Animal Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franklin, A. D.: Electronics: the road to carbon nanotube transistors, Nature, 498, 443–444, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson, K. and Humphreys, R. M.: The Great Eruption of η Carinae, Nature, 486, E1; discussion E1-2, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O. R., Reuman, D. C., and Ewers, R. M.: Response to comment on “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon,” Science, 339, 271, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Jo, G.-B., Lee, Y.-R., Choi, J.-H., Christensen, C. A., Kim, T. H., Thywissen, J. H., Pritchard, D. E., and Ketterle, W.: Itinerant ferromagnetism in a Fermi gas of ultracold atoms, Science, 325, 1521–1524, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fan, J.: Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Leong, S. P. L. (Ed.): From Local Invasion to Metastatic Cancer: Involvement of Distant Sites Through the Lymphovascular System, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, XXVIII, 666 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Pratt, L. J. and Whitehead, J. A.: Coastal Applications, in: Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere, edited by: Whitehead, J. A., Springer, New York, NY, 369–414, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Animal Breeding.

Blog post
Calbuco Volcano – Evacuations And Air-Traffic Disruption Follow Eruption:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Estimated Costs, Planned Uses of Emergency Funding, and Future Implications, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A. L.: The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E.: PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, New York Times, 29th May, 148, 1994.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franklin, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Franklin, 2013; Davidson and Humphreys, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Humphreys, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Animal Breeding
ISSN (print)0003-9438
ISSN (online)2363-9822

Other styles