How to format your references using the Archives Animal Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Animal Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, D.: Misadventures in the Burgess Shale, Nature, 460(7258), 952–953, 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deban, S. M. and Olson, W. M.: Suction feeding by a tiny predatory tadpole, Nature, 420(6911), 41–42, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, J., Rau, A. and Burnett, K.: From pedigree cats to fluffy-bunnies, Science, 307(5711), 872–875, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Lee, J., Sim, S. J., Bott, M., Um, Y., Oh, M.-K. and Woo, H. M.: Succinate production from CO₂-grown microalgal biomass as carbon source using engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum through consolidated bioprocessing, Sci. Rep., 4, 5819, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ji, Z.-G.: Hydrodynamics and Water Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2017.
An edited book
Arabnia, H. R. and Tran, Q.-N., Eds.: Software Tools and Algorithms for Biological Systems, Springer, New York, NY., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Tristão, J. C., Silva, A. A., Ardisson, J. D. and Lago, R. M.: Magnetic nanoparticles based on iron coated carbon produced from the reaction of Fe2O3 with CH4: a Mössbauer study, in LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008, edited by J. Desimoni, C. P. Ramos, B. Arcondo, F. D. Saccone, and R. C. Mercader, pp. 21–25, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Animal Breeding.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Fallstreak holes, aka Hole Punch Clouds, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: GSA Has Accumulated Adequate Funding for Transition to New Contracts but Needs Cost Estimation Policy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin, T. S.: The invisible “religious” minority: Working with the nonreligious bereaved, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: His Slump in the Past, a Met Ensures His Teammates’ Struggles Matter Less, New York Times, 11th April, B12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Collins, 2009; Deban and Olson, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deban and Olson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Animal Breeding
ISSN (print)0003-9438
ISSN (online)2363-9822

Other styles