How to format your references using the Archives Animal Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Animal Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zerhouni, E. A.: Research funding. NIH in the post-doubling era: realities and strategies, Science, 314, 1088–1090, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bintanja, R. and van der Linden, E. C.: The changing seasonal climate in the Arctic, Sci. Rep., 3, 1556, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veríssimo, A., Cochrane, M. A., and Souza, C., Jr: Ecology. National forests in the Amazon, Science, 297, 1478, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Bauer, J., Chen, K., Hiltbunner, A., Wehrli, E., Eugster, M., Schnell, D., and Kessler, F.: The major protein import receptor of plastids is essential for chloroplast biogenesis, Nature, 403, 203–207, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gustafsson, F.: Adaptive Filtering and Change Detection, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2001.
An edited book
Davim, J. P. (Ed.): Modern Manufacturing Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, VIII, 321 p. 171 illus., 17 illus. in color pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitchell, B.: Participatory Partnerships: Engaging and Empowering to Enhance Environmental Management and Quality of Life?, in: Quality-of-Life Research in Chinese, Western and Global Contexts, edited by: Shek, D. T. L., Chan, Y. K., and Lee, P. S. N., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 123–144, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Animal Breeding.

Blog post
Brainless Slime Is Capable Of Learning:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Laboratory Research: State of Tennessee Exempts DOE’s Spallation Neutron Source Project From Sales and Use Taxes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Littlefield, S.: Application of Discrete Event Simulation to Modeling Reliability of Highly Parallel Systems with Common Cause Failures, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J.: Level Up, New York Times, 11th April, MM9, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zerhouni, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Zerhouni, 2006; Bintanja and van der Linden, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bintanja and van der Linden, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bauer et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Animal Breeding
ISSN (print)0003-9438
ISSN (online)2363-9822

Other styles