How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shepherd, G. M. (2006). Smell images and the flavour system in the human brain. Nature 444, 316–321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siders, C. W., and Cavalleri, A. (2003). Materials science. Creating transient crystal structures with light. Science 300, 591–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arita, I., Nakane, M., and Fenner, F. (2006). Public health. Is polio eradication realistic? Science 312, 852–854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, Y., Maharana, S., Wang, M. D., and Shivashankar, G. V. (2014). Super-resolution microscopy reveals decondensed chromatin structure at transcription sites. Sci. Rep. 4, 4477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loughran, M. (2010). Auditing for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Picci, P., Manfrini, M., Fabbri, N., Gambarotti, M., and Vanel, D. eds. (2014). Atlas of Musculoskeletal Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions: The Rizzoli Case Archive. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lindström, J., Plankina, D., Lideskog, H., Löfstrand, M., and Karlsson, L. (2013). “Functional Product Development: Criteria for Selection of Design Methods on Strategic and Operational Levels,” in The Philosopher’s Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th - 9th, 2012, eds. Y. Shimomura and K. Kimita (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). 5 Diseases You Should Be More Afraid Of Than Ebola. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). A Summary of the Legislative Provisions of the Block Grants Created by the 1981 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, E. D. (2015). A mental health community outreach and education program for Nigerian immigrants: A grant writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shepherd, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Siders and Cavalleri, 2003; Shepherd, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siders and Cavalleri, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Evol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-070X
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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