How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchner, J. W. (2002). Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature 415, 65–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukas, D., and Clutton-Brock, T. H. (2013). The evolution of social monogamy in mammals. Science 341, 526–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scaillet, B., Pichavant, M., and Cioni, R. (2008). Upward migration of Vesuvius magma chamber over the past 20,000 years. Nature 455, 216–219.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Overpeck, J. T., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Miller, G. H., Muhs, D. R., Alley, R. B., and Kiehl, J. T. (2006). Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise. Science 311, 1747–1750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, D. L. (2006). Practical Wastewater Treatment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nguyen, C. (2016). Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design. , ed. J. Park Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hartline, J., and Sharp, A. (2006). “An Incremental Model for Combinatorial Maximization Problems,” in Experimental Algorithms: 5th International Workshop, WEA 2006, Cala Galdana, Menorca, Spain, May 24-27, 2006. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. C. Àlvarez and M. Serna (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Chimpanzees Are Over-Hunting Their Prey To Local Extinction. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Federal Transit Administration: Bus Rapid Transit Offers Communities a Flexible Mass Transit Option. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, J. L. (2012). The leadership practices of executive women of local government.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). Overlooked Influences in Trump’s Life: A Famous Minister and His Church. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchner, 2002; Lukas and Clutton-Brock, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lukas and Clutton-Brock, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Overpeck et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Evol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-070X
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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