How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tully, J. C. (2006). Chemistry. Mode-selective control of surface reactions. Science 312, 1004–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpowich, N. K., and Wang, D.-N. (2008). Structural biology. Symmetric transporters for asymmetric transport. Science 321, 781–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miner-Williams, W. M., Moughan, P. J., and Fuller, M. F. (2013). Analysis of an ethanol precipitate from ileal digesta: evaluation of a method to determine mucin. Sci. Rep. 3, 3145.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bramwell, S. T., Giblin, S. R., Calder, S., Aldus, R., Prabhakaran, D., and Fennell, T. (2009). Measurement of the charge and current of magnetic monopoles in spin ice. Nature 461, 956–959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis, G. B. (2008). Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.
An edited book
Moisan, M. (2012). Physics of Collisional Plasmas: Introduction to High-Frequency Discharges. , ed. J. Pelletier Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cristini, C., Cesa-Bianchi, M., Cesa-Bianchi, G., and Porro, A. (2011). “Creatività e salute in età senile,” in L’ultima creatività: Luci nella vecchiaia, eds. M. Cesa-Bianchi, G. Cesa-Bianchi, and A. Porro (Milano: Springer), 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Five Reasons Not To Care About Climate Change. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desai, S. S. (2013). CFD simuation of flow past a rotating circular cylinder with an end plate.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000). Battle Lines on Broadway: Little Slips vs. Big Type. New York Times, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tully, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tully, 2006; Karpowich and Wang, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpowich and Wang, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bramwell et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Evol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-070X
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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