How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brooks, T. M. (2014). Conservation: Mind the gaps. Nature 516, 336–337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, M. S., and Cho, J. (2009). Physics. Teleporting a quantum state to distant matter. Science 323, 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrari, G., Stornaiuolo, A., and Mavilio, F. (2001). Failure to correct murine muscular dystrophy. Nature 411, 1014–1015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kessler, J. D., Kahle, K. T., Sun, T., Meerbrey, K. L., Schlabach, M. R., Schmitt, E. M., et al. (2012). A SUMOylation-dependent transcriptional subprogram is required for Myc-driven tumorigenesis. Science 335, 348–353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mallée, R., Fuchs, W., and Eligehausen, R. (2013). Design of Fastenings for Use in Concrete - the CEN/TS 1992-4 Provisions. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pertijs, M. A. P. (2006). PRECISION TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CMOS TECHNOLOGY. , ed. J. H. Huijsing Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Holbrow, C. H., Lloyd, J. N., Amato, J. C., Galvez, E., and Parks, M. E. (2010). “Gas Laws,” in Modern Introductory Physics, eds. J. N. Lloyd, J. C. Amato, E. Galvez, and M. E. Parks (New York, NY: Springer), 83–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Mutated Plants Can Remove TNT From The Soil. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Mass Transit: Actions Needed for the BART Airport Extension. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M. H. (2014). An Examination of Executive Function, Stress, and Adolescent Attachment to Caregivers in a Social Neuroscience Model Using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele, K. (2002). BackTalk; A Brother Finds Family Comfort in Turbulent Waters. New York Times, 811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brooks, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brooks, 2014; Kim and Cho, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Cho, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kessler et al., 2012)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Evol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-070X
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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