How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, B. P. (2012). Neuroscience: hardwired for taste. Nature 486, S7-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortey, R., and Chatterton, B. (2003). A Devonian trilobite with an eyeshade. Science 301, 1689.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agulhon, C., Fiacco, T. A., and McCarthy, K. D. (2010). Hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity are not modulated by astrocyte Ca2+ signaling. Science 327, 1250–1254.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Savill, N. J., St Rose, S. G., Keeling, M. J., and Woolhouse, M. E. J. (2006). Silent spread of H5N1 in vaccinated poultry. Nature 442, 757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian, M. N. (2013). Plastics Additives and Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oswald, E., and Fischlin, M. eds. (2015). Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2015: 34th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Sofia, Bulgaria, April 26-30, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tu, S.-F., and Hsu, C.-S. (2005). “A Digital Rights Management Approach for Gray-Level Images,” in Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: Third International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition, ICAPR 2005, Bath, UK, August 22-25, 2005, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. S. Singh, M. Singh, C. Apte, and P. Perner (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Some Good News About Hiring Women In STEM Doesn’t Erase Sex Bias Issue. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancaster, G. (2014). Understanding interdisciplinary communication and collaboration among physicians, nurses, and unlicensed assistive personnel.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2016). Chasing Abortion Rights Across the State Line. New York Times, SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fortey and Chatterton, 2003; Trivedi, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fortey and Chatterton, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Savill et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Evol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-070X
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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